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Erickson, Steven R.; Kamdar, Neil; Wu, Chung-Hsuen – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2020
This study examined the proportion of hospitalizations associated with adverse medication events (AMEs) for adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) and adults from the general population in the United States using the 2013 National Inpatient Sample (NIS) dataset of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP). Adults…
Descriptors: Hospitals, Adults, Intellectual Disability, Developmental Disabilities
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Hsieh, Kelly; Scott, Haleigh M.; Murthy, Sumithra – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2020
A better understanding of the factors associated with depression and anxiety in people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) is needed to provide guidelines for service providers, clinicians, and researchers as well as to improve the diagnostic process. The current study used a longitudinal dataset to explore demographic, health,…
Descriptors: Risk, Depression (Psychology), Anxiety Disorders, Adults
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Handen, Benjamin L. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2020
Adults with Down syndrome are at high risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD), with most individuals developing clinical dementia by their late 60s. This increased risk for AD has been attributed, at least in part, to triplication and overexpression of the gene for amyloid precursor protein (APP) on chromosome 21, leading to elevated levels of amyloid…
Descriptors: Adults, Down Syndrome, Alzheimers Disease, At Risk Persons
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Hughes, Rosemary B.; Robinson-Whelen, Susan; Davis, Leigh Ann; Meadours, James; Kincaid, Olivia; Howard, Lisa; Millin, Mary; Schwartz, Michelle; McDonald, Katherine E. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2020
Using a participatory research approach, we enlisted 12 U.S. Centers for Independent Living (CILs) to recruit and enroll 170 adults with intellectual disability (ID) to be randomized to either "The Safety Class," an abuse prevention group program, or usual care. Participants were asked to complete pre, post, and 3-month follow-up…
Descriptors: Safety Education, Adult Programs, Adults, Intellectual Disability
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Hill, Elizabeth A.; Sawatari, Hiroyuki; Nishizaka, Mari K.; Fairley, Donna M.; Chishaki, Akiko; Funakoshi, Kouta; Riha, Renata L.; Ando, Shin-ichi – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2020
Small studies in Western populations report a high prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in adults with Down syndrome. To date, ethnic differences have not been explored. A questionnaire sent to 2,752 adults with Down syndrome aged 16 years in Scotland and Japan (789 valid responses) estimated OSA prevalence based on reported symptoms.…
Descriptors: Sleep, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Incidence, Adults
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Smith, Elizabeth; Hedge, Craig; Jarrold, Christopher – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2019
Executive function (EF) decline is a consistent early sign of Alzheimer's disease (AD) among adults with Down syndrome (DS), which means that baseline measures of EF for individuals with DS are vital to allow detection of meaningful decline. We developed a framework to extract measures of three core components of EF (memory updating, inhibitory,…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Down Syndrome, Identification, Clinical Diagnosis
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Oppewal, Alyt; Festen, Dederieke A. M.; Hilgenkamp, Thessa I. M. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2018
Gait is a relevant and complex aspect of motor functioning. Disturbances are related to negative health outcomes. Gait characteristics of 31 adults with intellectual disability (ID) without Down syndrome (DS) (42.77 ± 16.70 years) were investigated, and associations with age, sex, body mass index (BMI), and level of ID were assessed. Sex and BMI…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Adults, Intellectual Disability, Age Differences
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Olsen, Darren L. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2018
Social participation is an important resource for parents in old age, and may be particularly important for parents living with adult offspring with intellectual and developmental disabilities. To evaluate whether socializing with friends and family and participating in social organizations protects against depression in old age, this study…
Descriptors: Parents, Older Adults, Adults, Intellectual Disability
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Frielink, Noud; Schuengel, Carlo; Embregts, Petri J. C. M. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2018
The tenets of self-determination theory as applied to support were tested with structural equation modelling for 186 people with ID with a mild to borderline level of functioning. The results showed that (a) perceived autonomy support was positively associated with autonomous motivation and with satisfaction of need for autonomy, relatedness, and…
Descriptors: Personal Autonomy, Need Gratification, Motivation, Adults
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Shogren, Karrie A.; Thompson, James R.; Shaw, Leslie A.; Grandfield, Elizabeth M.; Hagiwara, Mayumi – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2018
Assessment of support needs has received significant attention in the disability field, however, little is known about the stability of support needs scores over time. Data from 82 adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) who were reassessed with the Supports Intensity Scale-Adult (SIS-A) version as well as the SIS-A Annual…
Descriptors: Adults, Intellectual Disability, Developmental Disabilities, Measures (Individuals)
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Landes, Scott D. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2017
On average, adults with intellectual disability (ID) have higher mortality risk than their peers in the general population. However, the effect of age on this mortality disadvantage has received minimal attention. Using data from the 1986-2011 National Health Interview Survey-Linked Mortality Files (NHIS-LMF), discrete time hazard models were used…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disability, Adults, Mortality Rate, At Risk Persons
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Chan, Wai; Smith, Leann E.; Greenberg, Jan S.; Hong, Jinkuk; Mailick, Marsha R. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2017
The present investigation explored long-term relationships of behavioral symptoms of adolescents and adults with developmental disabilities with the mental health of their mothers. Fragile X premutation carrier mothers of an adolescent or adult child with fragile X syndrome (n = 95), and mothers of a grown child with autism (n = 213) were…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Adolescents, Adults, Genetic Disorders
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McDonald, Katherine E.; Conroy, Nicole E.; Olick, Robert S. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2017
Scientific advances can improve the lives of adults with intellectual disability, yet concerns that research participation may impose harm impede scientific progress. What counts as harmful can be subjective and perceptions of harm may vary among stakeholders. We studied perspectives on the harmfulness of research events among adults with…
Descriptors: Adults, Intellectual Disability, Attitude Measures, Family (Sociological Unit)
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Picciotti, Pasqualina M.; Carfì, Angelo; Anzivino, Roberta; Paludetti, Gaetano; Conti, Guido; Brandi, Vincenzo; Bernabei, Roberto; Onder, Graziano – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2017
Increased life expectancy in persons with Down syndrome (DS) is associated with premature age-related changes. The aim of this study was to assess auditory function in adults with DS and to evaluate the prevalence of hearing loss in this population. Audiometric tests were performed in 72 adults with DS (mean age 37.3 ± 10.1 years, 51.4% females).…
Descriptors: Audiology, Audiometric Tests, Auditory Evaluation, Adults
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Tsao, Raphaele – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2017
While there is a long history and tradition of behavioral research on basic motor skills in Down syndrome (DS), there has been only limited research on handwriting ability. We analyzed the spatiotemporal features of handwriting produced by children and adults with DS (n = 24), and compared their productions with those of comparison groups matched…
Descriptors: Handwriting, Children, Adults, Down Syndrome
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