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Showing 1 to 15 of 330 results Save | Export
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Erickson, Steven R.; Kamdar, Neil; Wu, Chung-Hsuen – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2020
This study examined the proportion of hospitalizations associated with adverse medication events (AMEs) for adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) and adults from the general population in the United States using the 2013 National Inpatient Sample (NIS) dataset of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP). Adults…
Descriptors: Hospitals, Adults, Intellectual Disability, Developmental Disabilities
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Riggan, Kirsten A.; Nyquist, Christina; Michie, Marsha; Allyse, Megan A. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2020
Researchers are investigating new technologies to mitigate or prevent symptoms of Down syndrome (DS), including chromosome silencing and pharmacotherapy. We surveyed parents of individuals with DS to assess their opinions on two hypothetical scenarios describing prenatal chromosome silencing and pediatric pharmacological intervention to improve…
Descriptors: Down Syndrome, Genetics, Prevention, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Zyga, Olena; Dimitropoulos, Anastasia – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2020
Early parent-child interactions (PCI) impact social cognitive development. Relatedly, children with various developmental disorders exhibit abnormal parental attachment relationships. Parental characteristics and behaviors can impact PCI and socioemotional development as well. No research has examined the parent-child dynamic in Prader-Willi…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Parent Child Relationship, Genetic Disorders, Stress Variables
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Barton, Erin E.; Murray, Rebecca; O'Flaherty, Cecelia; Sweeney, Erin M.; Gossett, Stephanie – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2020
In this systematic review, we examined the rigor and outcomes across 27 object play intervention studies using single-case research methodology. We focused on studies including children age 5 years or younger and examined several descriptive characteristics including materials, instructional packages, and settings. We also analyzed the…
Descriptors: Play, Intervention, Young Children, Toys
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Son, Esther; Magaña, Sandy; Martínez Pedraza, Frances D.; Parish, Susan L. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2020
To better understand disparities between Latino and White children with autism or other developmental disabilities (ASD/DD), we examined whether Latino ethnicity predicted the number of specialty care services received by children with severe functional limitations depending on medical providers' responses to parents' initial concerns about their…
Descriptors: Hispanic Americans, Children, Ethnicity, Racial Differences
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Hsieh, Kelly; Scott, Haleigh M.; Murthy, Sumithra – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2020
A better understanding of the factors associated with depression and anxiety in people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) is needed to provide guidelines for service providers, clinicians, and researchers as well as to improve the diagnostic process. The current study used a longitudinal dataset to explore demographic, health,…
Descriptors: Risk, Depression (Psychology), Anxiety Disorders, Adults
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Bhattacharyya, Anita – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2020
Our bodies are made up of over 250 specific cell types, and all initially arise from stem cells during embryonic development. Stem cells have two characteristics that make them unique: (1) they are pluripotent, meaning that they can differentiate into all cell types of the body, and (2) they are capable of self-renewal to generate more of…
Descriptors: Down Syndrome, Brain, Individual Development, Intellectual Disability
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Rosencrans, Margaret; McIntyre, Laura Lee – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2020
The current study explored cross-sectional relations between coparenting quality and child problem behaviors, as measured by parent report and direct observation, in families of school-aged children previously identified with a developmental delay in early childhood. Parents' reports of difficulty with coparenting problems predicted child problem…
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Parent Attitudes, Behavior Problems, Child Behavior
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Capone, George T. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2020
Translational research means different things to different people. In the biomedical research community, translational research is the process of applying knowledge from basic biology and clinical trials to techniques and tools that address critical medical needs such as new therapies. Translational research then is a "bench to bedside"…
Descriptors: Down Syndrome, Research, Genetic Disorders, Physiology
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Haydar, Tarik F. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2020
One of the overriding hopes of the Down syndrome (DS) research community is to arrive at a better understanding of how trisomy 21 affects brain development and function, and that doing so will improve quality of life and independence for people with DS. In searching for the underlying causes of intellectual disability in DS, researchers and…
Descriptors: Down Syndrome, Medical Research, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Genetic Disorders
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Handen, Benjamin L. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2020
Adults with Down syndrome are at high risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD), with most individuals developing clinical dementia by their late 60s. This increased risk for AD has been attributed, at least in part, to triplication and overexpression of the gene for amyloid precursor protein (APP) on chromosome 21, leading to elevated levels of amyloid…
Descriptors: Adults, Down Syndrome, Alzheimers Disease, At Risk Persons
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Tracey, Danielle; Morin, Alexandre J. S.; Pekrun, Reinhard; Arens, A. Katrin; Murayama, Kou; Lichtenfeld, Stephanie; Frenzel, Anne C.; Goetz, Thomas; Maïano, Christophe – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2020
Expectancy-value theory (EVT) is a popular framework to understand and improve students' motivation. Unfortunately, limited research has verified whether EVT predictions generalize to students with low levels of cognitive ability. This study relies on Grade 5 and 8 data from 177 students with low levels of cognitive ability and a matched sample of…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Cognitive Ability, Grades (Scholastic), Self Control
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Do, Thuy Quynh N.; Riley, Catharine; Paramsothy, Pangaja; Ouyang, Lijing; Bolen, Julie; Grosse, Scott D. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2020
Using national data, we examined emergency department (ED) encounters during 2006-2011 for which a diagnosis code for fragile X syndrome (FXS) was present (n = 7,217). Almost half of ED visits coded for FXS resulted in hospitalization, which is much higher than for ED visits not coded for FXS. ED visits among females coded for FXS were slightly…
Descriptors: Hospitals, Genetic Disorders, Gender Differences, At Risk Persons
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Tomaszewski, Brianne; Hepburn, Susan; Blakeley-Smith, Audrey; Rogers, Sally J. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2020
Longitudinal growth modeling was utilized to examine adaptive behavior over eight years across the three time points (i.e., ages 2-10). Seventy-six parents completed the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales interviews of adaptive behavior. Child participants completed standardized developmental testing and an executive function task in toddlerhood…
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Behavior Problems
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Lambert, Joseph M.; Houchins-Juárez, Nealetta J. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2020
During functional analysis (FA), therapists arrange contingencies between potential reinforcers and problem behavior. It is unclear whether this fact, in and of itself, facilitates problem behavior's acquisition of new (false-positive) functions. If problem behavior can come under the control of contingencies contrived between it and known…
Descriptors: Functional Behavioral Assessment, Behavior Problems, Reinforcement, Correlation
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