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Schoufour, Josje D.; Oppewal, Alyt; van der Maarl, Hanne J. K.; Hermans, Heidi; Evenhuis, Heleen M.; Hilgenkamp, Thessa I. M.; Festen, Dederieke A. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2018
We studied the association between multimorbidity, polypharmacy, and mortality in 1,050 older adults (50+) with intellectual disability (ID). Multimorbidity (presence of = 4 chronic health conditions) and polypharmacy (presence = 5 chronic medication prescriptions) were collected at baseline. Multimorbidity included a wide range of disorders,…
Descriptors: Correlation, Older Adults, Intellectual Disability, Chronic Illness
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Olsen, Darren L. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2018
Social participation is an important resource for parents in old age, and may be particularly important for parents living with adult offspring with intellectual and developmental disabilities. To evaluate whether socializing with friends and family and participating in social organizations protects against depression in old age, this study…
Descriptors: Parents, Older Adults, Adults, Intellectual Disability
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Akkerman, Alma; Kef, Sabina; Meininger, Herman P. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2018
To obtain an understanding of factors associated with job satisfaction of people with intellectual disability (ID), this study investigates the associations of job satisfaction with job characteristics (i.e., job demands, job resources) and personality, using the job demands-resources model. Data were gathered from 117 people and their employment…
Descriptors: Job Satisfaction, Intellectual Disability, Work Environment, Personality Traits
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Oppewal, Alyt; Schoufour, Josje D.; van der Maarl, Hanne J. K.; Evenhuis, Heleen M.; Hilgenkamp, Thessa I. M.; Festen, Dederieke A. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2018
We aim to provide insight into the cause-specific mortality of older adults with intellectual disability (ID), with and without Down syndrome (DS), and compare this to the general population. Immediate and primary cause of death were collected through medical files of 1,050 older adults with ID, 5 years after the start of the Healthy Ageing and…
Descriptors: Older Adults, Intellectual Disability, Diseases, Aging (Individuals)
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Frielink, Noud; Schuengel, Carlo; Embregts, Petri J. C. M. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2018
The tenets of self-determination theory as applied to support were tested with structural equation modelling for 186 people with ID with a mild to borderline level of functioning. The results showed that (a) perceived autonomy support was positively associated with autonomous motivation and with satisfaction of need for autonomy, relatedness, and…
Descriptors: Personal Autonomy, Need Gratification, Motivation, Adults
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Harrop, Clare; Tu, Nicole; Landa, Rebecca; Kasier, Ann; Kasari, Connie – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2018
Sensory behaviors are widely reported in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, the impact of these behaviors on families remains largely unknown. This study explored how caregivers of minimally verbal children with ASD responded to their child's sensory behaviors. Using a mixed-methods approach, we examined two variables for each endorsed child…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Behavior Change, Sensory Integration
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Conners, Frances A.; Tungate, Andrew S.; Abbeduto, Leonard; Merrill, Edward C.; Faught, Gayle G. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2018
Forty-two adolescents with Down syndrome (DS) ages 10 to 21 years completed a battery of language and phonological memory measures twice, 2 years apart. Individual differences were highly stable across two years. Receptive vocabulary scores improved, there was no change in receptive or expressive grammar scores, and nonword repetition scores…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Down Syndrome, Language Acquisition, Language Skill Attrition
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Dion, Jacinthe; Paquette, Geneviève; Tremblay, Karine-N.; Collin-Vézina, Delphine; Chabot, Martin – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2018
This study aims to compare, among a representative sample of substantiated child maltreatment cases, the characteristics of those with intellectual disability (ID) from those without ID. Using the 2008 Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect, 5,797 cases of substantiated maltreatment that involved children aged between 0 and…
Descriptors: Child Abuse, Children, Intellectual Disability, Incidence
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Robinson, Marissa; Klusek, Jessica; Poe, Michele D.; Hatton, Deborah D.; Roberts, Jane E. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2018
Effortful control, or the ability to suppress a dominant response to perform a subdominant response, is an early-emerging temperament trait that is linked with positive social-emotional development. Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a single-gene disorder characterized by hallmark regulatory impairments, suggesting diminished effortful control. This…
Descriptors: Genetic Disorders, Congenital Impairments, Intellectual Disability, Males
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Huber, Heartley B.; Carter, Erik W.; Lopano, Sarah E.; Stankiewicz, Kristen C. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2018
We examined the effects of peer support arrangements as an alternative to exclusive direct support from paraprofessionals for three high school students with severe disabilities in general education classrooms. We also explored the use of structural analysis as a data-based approach for further refining the interventions to enhance their impact in…
Descriptors: High School Students, Severe Disabilities, Peer Relationship, Intervention
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Pitchford, E. Andrew; Dixon-Ibarra, Alicia; Hauck, Janet L. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2018
Through a scoping review, the current state of physical activity research in people with intellectual disability was examined. A search of publications between 2000 and 2014 retrieved 362 articles that met inclusion criteria. Eligible studies were coded according to the Behavioral Epidemiological Framework. Of the articles identified, 48% examined…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disability, Physical Activities, Research, Health Promotion
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Dieleman, Lisa M.; De Pauw, Sarah S. W.; Soenens, Bart; Van Hove, Geert; Prinzie, Peter – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2018
This study aimed to describe problem behaviors and psychosocial strengths, examine the problem-strength interrelations, and evaluate profiles of problems and strengths in youth with Down syndrome (DS). The community-based sample consisted of 67 parents of children with DS aged between 4 and 19 years. Parents reported about the developmental age…
Descriptors: Down Syndrome, Behavior Problems, Child Behavior, Children
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Adams, Dawn; Clarke, Samantha; Griffith, Gemma; Howlin, Pat; Moss, Jo; Petty, Jane; Tunnicliffe, Penny; Oliver, Chris – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2018
It is well documented that mothers of children with challenging behavior (CB) experience elevated levels of stress and that this persists over time, but less is known about the experience of mothers of children with rare genetic syndromes. This article describes 2 studies, 1 cross-sectional and 1 longitudinal, comparing well-being in mothers of…
Descriptors: Mothers, Stress Variables, Genetic Disorders, Depression (Psychology)
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Oppewal, Alyt; Festen, Dederieke A. M.; Hilgenkamp, Thessa I. M. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2018
Gait is a relevant and complex aspect of motor functioning. Disturbances are related to negative health outcomes. Gait characteristics of 31 adults with intellectual disability (ID) without Down syndrome (DS) (42.77 ± 16.70 years) were investigated, and associations with age, sex, body mass index (BMI), and level of ID were assessed. Sex and BMI…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Adults, Intellectual Disability, Age Differences
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Adlof, Suzanne M.; Klusek, Jessica; Hoffmann, Anne; Chitwood, Kerrie L.; Brazendale, Allison; Riley, Karen; Abbeduto, Leonard J.; Roberts, Jane E. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2018
Individuals with fragile X syndrome (FXS) present with significant deficits in reading skills, but scant research exists to understand the characteristics of the reading delays or best practices for reading instruction with this population. Study 1 examined the relationship between phonological awareness and reading skills in individuals with FXS.…
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Genetic Disorders, Reading Difficulties, Teaching Methods
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