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Germeroth, Carrie; Bodrova, Elena; Day-Hess, Crystal; Barker, Jane; Sarama, Julie; Clements, Douglas H.; Layzer, Carolyn – American Journal of Play, 2019
The authors consider mature make-believe play a critical component of childhood that helps children develop new skills and learn to communicate. They argue that, although theoretical accounts of play have emphasized the importance of make-believe play for children to achieve social and academic competence, the absence of a reliable and valid…
Descriptors: Test Validity, Test Reliability, Measures (Individuals), Observation
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Weisgram, Erica S. – American Journal of Play, 2019
The author discusses gender differences in children's play and its relation to the programs of "Sesame Street," which for fifty years has sought to enhance children's physical, cognitive, and social development through playful learning. Gender differences in children's play, she asserts, are vast, and she notes that, consequently, boys…
Descriptors: Sex Stereotypes, Toys, Gender Differences, Play
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Sommer, Maria; Sommer, Dion – American Journal of Play, 2017
The authors note that ancient Athens, in important ways, connected children, toys, and play. But they also find the scholarship of toys sparse and scattered. They discuss obstacles that can skew our modern view of the Greek mind, and they caution that modern eyes should not see play where the Greeks saw ritual and religious devotion. With these…
Descriptors: Toys, Archaeology, Developmental Psychology, Surveys
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Mechling, Jay – American Journal of Play, 2016
For Sigmund Freud, the terms "dreamwork" and "jokework" denoted the process by which the mind displaces social and psychological anxieties and permits them to emerge disguised in dreams and jokes. This article posits a similar process for "sandwork." Examining the ways people play with sand in its three basic…
Descriptors: Play, Playground Activities, Reflection, Children
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Mo????ller, Signe?? Juhl? – American Journal of Play, 2015
Based on a four-month experimental study of preschool children's play with creative-construction and social-fantasy toys, the author examines the in?uence of both types of toys on the play of preschool children. Her comparative analysis considers the impact of transformative play on the development of imagination during play activities and…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Play, Toys, Imagination
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Duncan, Pauline Agnieszka – American Journal of Play, 2015
Play, an elusive concept despite the extensive literature on the subject, remains especially problematic for research focused on the perspective of children. The author discusses her study on children's perspectives about play, exploring drawing as a method for learning how young children conceptualize play within a social-semiotic framework. Her…
Descriptors: Play, Childhood Attitudes, Childrens Art, Freehand Drawing
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Nwokah, Eva; Hsu, Hui-Chin; Gulker, Hope – American Journal of Play, 2013
Play is a major component of early intervention for infants and toddlers with special needs. Many of these children are from low-income families with limited resources. The authors investigate the attitudes, practices, and concerns of early-intervention providers (professionals whose services support young children with developmental disabilities…
Descriptors: Therapy, Early Intervention, Play, Toys
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Bergen, Doris; Davis, Darrel – American Journal of Play, 2011
Many early developmental theorists such as Freud, Erikson, Piaget, and Vygotsky suggested that play--which the authors of this article define as both playful activity and playful thought--had the power to influence the moral emotions, behaviors, and reasoning of children. More recent researchers have also found evidence of moral development in…
Descriptors: Play, Moral Development, Video Games, Information Technology
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Phillips, Anne K. – American Journal of Play, 2010
Nineteenth-century literature offers insights into the history and sociology of play in American life. Louisa May Alcott's novel "Little Women" contains especially rich period depictions of childhood games and amusements and provides some of the earliest scenes of American girls at play. The author discusses the various depictions of…
Descriptors: Novels, Play, Toys, Games
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Jarrett, Olga; French-Lee, Stacey; Bulunuz, Nermin; Bulunuz, Mizrap – American Journal of Play, 2010
Sand play commonly occupies children at preschools, child-development centers, and school and park playgrounds. The authors review the research on sand play and present a small study on outdoor sand play conducted at a university-based, child-development center using a method they call "facilitated-action research." This study had four…
Descriptors: Action Research, Playgrounds, Play, Preschool Children
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Forman-Brunell, Miriam; Eaton, Julie – American Journal of Play, 2009
The authors investigate the nearly ubiquitous cultural icon for girls' play, the princess. They survey historical instances of princess play from the beginning of the American republic to the New Millennium, look at the literature concerning princesses in various periods, and discuss the individual recollections about princess play of a number of…
Descriptors: Play, Females, Imagination, United States History
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Eberle, Scott G. – American Journal of Play, 2009
Play often rewards us with a thrill or a sense of wonder. But, just over the edge of play, uncanny objects like dolls, automata, robots, and realistic animations may become monstrous rather than marvelous. Drawing from diverse sources, literary evidence, psychological and psychoanalytic theory, new insights in neuroscience, marketing literature,…
Descriptors: Play, Emotional Response, Psychological Patterns, Psychology
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Provenzo, Eugene F., Jr. – American Journal of Play, 2009
Friedrich Froebel, the German educator and founder of the Kindergarten Movement, developed a series of play materials including geometric building blocks and pattern activity blocks designed to teach children about forms and relationships found in nature. Froebel's notions about using activity and play in preschool education complement many…
Descriptors: Play, Spiritual Development, Aesthetics, Toys
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Elkind, David – American Journal of Play, 2008
Although under attack from some goal-oriented politicians and parents and ofen considered superfluous by school administrators and teachers, free play remains vital to human health and creativity. Contrary to the notion that play should serve utilitarian ends or consist primarily of organized sports, the author makes a case for self-initiated…
Descriptors: Play, Recreational Activities, Psychiatry, Child Development
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Mechling, Jay – American Journal of Play, 2008
Biology and the particular gun culture of the United States come together to explain the persistent and powerful attraction of American boys to both real guns and toy guns. The 1990s saw adults begin to conflate "the gun problem" with "the boy problem," sparking attempts (largely failed) to banish toy guns from homes and…
Descriptors: Play, Weapons, Males, Children
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