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Centeio, Erin E.; Cance, Jessica Duncan; Barcelona, Jeanne M.; Castelli, Darla M. – American Journal of Health Education, 2018
Background/Purpose: The prevalence of childhood obesity and school truancy are contemporary health issues, as millions of children do not attend school, when required. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between intent to be physically active, aerobic fitness, and school absences. Methods: Data from 1907 adolescents from the…
Descriptors: High School Students, Adolescents, Physical Health, Risk
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Dinger, Mary K.; Brittain, Danielle R.; O'Mara, Heidi M.; Peterson, Brent M.; Hall, Kelly C.; Hadley, Molly K.; Sharp, Teresa A. – American Journal of Health Education, 2018
Background: Among college students, an incongruous association between physical activity (PA) and binge drinking (BD) has been reported. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to qualitatively investigate the relationship between PA and BD among college students. Methods: A trained facilitator asked open-ended questions, based on the…
Descriptors: Physical Activity Level, Alcohol Abuse, College Students, Qualitative Research
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White, Marney A.; Mayer, Margaret; Vanderlind, W. Michael; Allswede, Dana – American Journal of Health Education, 2018
Background: Postgraduate education is recognized as a time of intense stress. Rates of anxiety and depression are elevated among graduate students, and longitudinal studies have documented increases in clinical symptoms over the course of training. Purpose: The current study was to evaluate whether an academically sponsored self-care intervention…
Descriptors: Public Health, Anxiety, Depression (Psychology), Self Management
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Bistricky, Steven L.; Harper, Kristina L.; Roberts, Caroline M.; Cook, Diana M.; Schield, Staci L.; Bui, Jennifer; Short, Mary B. – American Journal of Health Education, 2018
Background: College students are susceptible to undermanaged stress and its detrimental effects, and though they could use evidence-based stress reduction techniques (SRTs) to remedy this, many do not. Unfortunately, little is known about what might encourage greater use. Purpose: This study examined to what extent a framework integrating…
Descriptors: Stress Management, College Students, Health Behavior, Health Promotion
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McReynolds, Katie; Gillan, Wynn; Naquin, Millie – American Journal of Health Education, 2018
Background: Although organic foods have been available for decades, they are an emerging trend with increasing prevalence of organic food choices in mainstream markets. College-aged students' consumer behaviors are understudied in this industry. Purpose: This study examined college students' knowledge, perceptions, and current behaviors regarding…
Descriptors: College Students, Knowledge Level, Correlation, Food
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Barry, Adam E.; Valdez, Danny; Padon, Alisa A.; Russell, Alex M. – American Journal of Health Education, 2018
Background: Exposure to alcohol-related advertising is consistently linked to adolescent drinking initiation and alcohol-related consequences. Since the advent of social networking sites, the alcohol industry has adapted its advertising efforts and allocated large portions of advertising budgets and efforts on digital and online media. Purpose:…
Descriptors: Advertising, Social Media, Drinking, Content Analysis
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Kelley, Dannielle E.; Noar, Seth M.; Seidenberg, Andrew B. – American Journal of Health Education, 2018
Background: To respond to the Surgeon General's call to develop, disseminate, and evaluate messages to reduce indoor tanning (IT) in the 2014 Call to Action to Prevent Skin Cancer, an understanding of the IT communication environment is necessary. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the most prevalent false or misleading IT claims.…
Descriptors: Web Sites, Content Analysis, Health, Safety
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Sommariva, Silvia; Vamos, Cheryl; Mantzarlis, Alexios; Ðào, Lillie Uyên-Loan; Martinez Tyson, Dinorah – American Journal of Health Education, 2018
Background: The importance of social networking sites (SNSs) as platforms to engage in the correction of "fake news" has been documented widely. More evidence is needed to understand the popularity of health-related rumors and how Health Educators can optimize their use of SNSs. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the…
Descriptors: Social Media, Microbiology, Case Studies, Content Analysis
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Kulkarni, Shibani; Lewis, Kaleea; Arp Adams, Swann; Brandt, Heather M.; Lead, Jamie R.; Ureda, John R.; Fedrick, Delores; Mathews, Chris; Friedman, Daniela B. – American Journal of Health Education, 2018
Background: Effective online communication about the environmental risk factors of breast cancer is essential because of the multitude of environmental exposures and debate regarding the conclusiveness of scientific evidence. Purpose: The aim of this study was "to assess the content, readability, and cultural sensitivity" of online…
Descriptors: Human Body, Cancer, Internet, Environmental Influences
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Rhea, Christopher K.; Felsberg, Danielle T.; Maher, Jaclyn P. – American Journal of Health Education, 2018
There has been a substantial increase in the number of health-related smartphone applications (apps) available to consumers in recent years. How does one decide which apps have scientific evidence backing their claims and which are "fake news"? In this Commentary, we explore the hierarchy of scientific claims and review recent literature…
Descriptors: Handheld Devices, Telecommunications, Evidence, Computer Oriented Programs
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Garrett Wagner, Kyla P.; Widman, Laura; Nesi, Jacqueline; Noar, Seth M. – American Journal of Health Education, 2018
Background: Emergency contraception (EC) is a highly effective form of birth control that may lower rates of unintended pregnancy among young women. But efforts to disseminate EC to women are hampered by misinformation and inadequate information. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the sources from which young women learn about EC…
Descriptors: Contraception, Intention, Accuracy, Information Sources
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Iammarino, Nicholas K.; O'Rourke, Thomas W. – American Journal of Health Education, 2018
There is a growing concern among scientists and educators alike that we are failing in our mission to demonstrate the importance of science and of the scientific method and hypothesis testing. We discuss the alarming rise of misinformation, particularly on the Internet, and the inability of readers, particularly students, to decipher real, valid…
Descriptors: Health Promotion, Health Education, Information Literacy, Scientific Literacy
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Barry, Adam E.; Muraleetharan, Daenuka; Nelon, Jordan; Lautner, Shelby; Callahan, Megan; Zhang, Xiaoying; Herren, Michelle; Chaney, Beth; Stellefson, Michael – American Journal of Health Education, 2018
Background: Powdered alcohol, a new form of crystalline alcohol sold under the brand name Palcohol, has yet to be widely distributed in the United States due to political and public concerns surrounding potential for misuse. Purpose: Given the limited research on powdered alcohol, researchers examined YouTube videos on this controversial substance…
Descriptors: Alcohol Abuse, Social Media, Video Technology, Cultural Influences
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Haithcox-Dennis, Melissa – American Journal of Health Education, 2018
Misleading health news and product advertising has plagued the United States since the 19th century. Companies and individuals spent large sums of money to advertise in a variety of media, including newspapers, magazines, radio, TV, and, more recently, the Internet. Preying on the fears and insecurities of consumers, these entities used…
Descriptors: Health, Information Sources, Web Sites, Advertising
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Kahan, David; McKenzie, Thomas L. – American Journal of Health Education, 2018
Background: After-school programs (ASPs) have the potential to contribute to moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), but there is limited empirical evidence to guide their development and implementation. Purpose: This study assessed the replication of an elementary school running program and identified psychological correlates of children's…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Psychological Patterns, Correlation, After School Programs
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