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Dong, Nianbo – American Journal of Evaluation, 2015
Researchers have become increasingly interested in programs' main and interaction effects of two variables (A and B, e.g., two treatment variables or one treatment variable and one moderator) on outcomes. A challenge for estimating main and interaction effects is to eliminate selection bias across A-by-B groups. I introduce Rubin's causal model to…
Descriptors: Probability, Statistical Analysis, Research Design, Causal Models
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Tranquist, Joakim – American Journal of Evaluation, 2015
In the vast evaluation literature, there are numerous accounts describing the emergence of the field of evaluation. However, texts on evaluation history often describe how structural conditions for conducting evaluation have changed over time, often from an American perspective. Inspired by the Oral History Team, the purpose of this article is to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Oral History, Evaluation Research, Researchers
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Bhatti, Yosef; Dahlgaard, Jens Olav; Hansen, Jonas H.; Hansen, Kasper M. – American Journal of Evaluation, 2015
Democratic institutions often do not evaluate their instruments. By working closely with authorities, we developed a field experiment to examine an initiative to increase voter turnout among 18-year-olds that had not previously been evaluated. Particular attention was paid to developing an appropriate program theory and to designing the evaluation…
Descriptors: Voting, Citizen Participation, Political Campaigns, Adolescents
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Henry, Gary T. – American Journal of Evaluation, 2015
In this commentary, Gary Henry explains that the Danes have got it right, again. Not only is their voter turnout high to begin with, but they are evaluating ways to increase voter turnout with "random variation" to accurately assess the effects of the innovations. In the Danish 2009 municipal elections, 65.8% turned out to vote, which…
Descriptors: Voting, Evaluative Thinking, Citizen Participation, Political Campaigns
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Lam, Chi Yan; Shulha, Lyn M. – American Journal of Evaluation, 2015
This article contributes to research on evaluation by examining the capacity and contribution of developmental evaluation for innovating. This case study describes the "preformative development" of an educational program (from conceptualization to pilot implementation) and analyzes the processes of innovation within a developmental…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Evaluation Research, Evaluation, Program Design
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Ahlin, Eileen M. – American Journal of Evaluation, 2015
Evaluation research conducted in agencies that sanction law violators is often challenging and due process may preclude evaluators from using experimental methods in traditional criminal justice agencies such as police, courts, and corrections. However, administrative agencies often deal with the same population but are not bound by due process…
Descriptors: Research Methodology, Evaluation Research, Criminals, Correctional Institutions
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Hawk, Mary – American Journal of Evaluation, 2015
Randomized controlled trials are the gold standard in research but may not fully explain or predict outcome variations in community-based interventions. Demonstrating efficacy of externally driven programs in well-controlled environments may not translate to community-based implementation where resources and priorities vary. A bottom-up evaluation…
Descriptors: African Americans, Females, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Risk Management
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Burns, Catherine E. – American Journal of Evaluation, 2015
In the current climate of increasing fiscal and clinical accountability, information is required about overall program effectiveness using clinical data. These requests present a challenge for programs utilizing single-subject data due to the use of highly individualized behavior plans and behavioral monitoring. Subsequently, the diversity of the…
Descriptors: Program Evaluation, Program Effectiveness, Data Analysis, Research Design
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Abry, Tashia; Hulleman, Chris S.; Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E. – American Journal of Evaluation, 2015
Identifying the active ingredients of an intervention--intervention-specific components serving as key levers of change--is crucial for unpacking the intervention black box. Measures of intervention fidelity can be used to identify specific active ingredients, yet such applications are rare. We illustrate how fidelity measures can be used to…
Descriptors: Intervention, Fidelity, Emotional Development, Factor Analysis
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Bakken, Lori L.; Núñez, Jennifer; Couture, Cathy – American Journal of Evaluation, 2014
Program evaluation is recognized as an essential skill set for practitioners in service-related fields, such as education, nonprofit management, social work, and public health. Recently, the need for a public workforce trained in evaluation has increased and is driven primarily by our nation's emphasis on accountability during a time when…
Descriptors: Partnerships in Education, School Community Programs, School Community Relationship, Models
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Hall, Jori N.; Freeman, Melissa – American Journal of Evaluation, 2014
Shadowing is a data collection method that involves following a person, as they carry out those everyday activities relevant to a research study. This article explores the use of shadowing in a formative evaluation of a professional development school (PDS). Specifically, this article discusses how shadowing was used to understand the role of a…
Descriptors: Formative Evaluation, Capacity Building, Professional Development Schools, Data Collection
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Duggan, Colleen; Bush, Kenneth – American Journal of Evaluation, 2014
What is different about the conduct of evaluations in conflict zones compared to nonconflict zones--and how do these differences affect (if at all) the ethical calculations and behavior of evaluators? When are ethical issues too risky, or too uncertain, for evaluators to accept--or to continue--an evaluation? These are the core questions guiding…
Descriptors: Ethics, Evaluators, Conflict, Evaluation
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Chelimsky, Eleanor – American Journal of Evaluation, 2014
Evaluating the longer-term sustainability of government programs and policies seems in many ways to go beyond the boundaries of typical evaluation practice. Not only have intervention failures over time been difficult to predict, but the question of sustainability itself tends to fall outside current evaluation thinking, timing and functions. This…
Descriptors: Sustainability, Program Evaluation, Public Policy, Values
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Brandon, Paul R.; Fukunaga, Landry L. – American Journal of Evaluation, 2014
Evaluators widely agree that stakeholder involvement is a central aspect of effective program evaluation. With the exception of articles on collaborative evaluation approaches, however, a systematic review of the breadth and depth of the literature on stakeholder involvement has not been published. In this study, we examine peer-reviewed empirical…
Descriptors: Stakeholders, Research, Data Collection, Observation
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Suarez-Balcazar, Yolanda; Taylor-Ritzler, Tina – American Journal of Evaluation, 2014
A synthesis of the state of the literature is discussed in this section of the Evaluation Capacity Building (ECB) forum organized around four critical questions: (1) What is ECB? (2) How can we make it happen? (3) How do we know it is happening? and (4) What is its impact? The authors argue that to move the field of ECB forward we need to envision…
Descriptors: Evaluation, Capacity Building, Research and Development, Theory Practice Relationship
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