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American Journal of Education735
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Cherng, Hua-Yu Sebastian; Halpin, Peter F.; Rodriguez, Luis A. – American Journal of Education, 2022
Purpose: Prior work has drawn consistent conclusions about systematic racial disparities in the allocation of high-quality teachers in US public schools, such as classrooms with more students of color having teachers with fewer credentials and less experience. However, these fixed characteristics of teachers are only proxies for the quality of…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Teacher Characteristics, Minority Group Students, Racial Composition
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Han, Eunice S.; Maloney, Thomas N. – American Journal of Education, 2022
Purpose: This article examines the relationship between teacher unionization and the academic performance of students in districts of varying socioeconomic status (SES). We aim to answer the following research questions: Do union effects vary with the SES of districts? Are these effects more (or less) pronounced in high-SES, mid-SES, or low-SES…
Descriptors: Unions, Academic Achievement, Socioeconomic Status, Socioeconomic Influences
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Fuller, Bruce; Bathia, Shruti; Bridges, Margaret; Kim, Yoonjeon; Galindo, Claudia; Lagos, Francisco – American Journal of Education, 2022
Purpose: Does the rising share of Latino students in US schools help to integrate previously White campuses or exacerbate racial and economic segregation over time? This article details trends in the segregation of Latino children enrolled in elementary schools, 2000-2015, then examines how evolving patterns differ among the nation's school…
Descriptors: Hispanic American Students, Racial Bias, Ethnicity, School Districts
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Durand, Francesca T.; Wilcox, Kristen C.; Lawson, Hal A.; Schiller, Kathryn S. – American Journal of Education, 2022
Purpose: This multiple comparative case study investigated district and high school leaders' framing mechanisms and discourses around priorities and challenges to understand their equity aims and their preparation of diverse student populations' college, career, and civic readiness. Research Methods/Approach: This research used framing theory to…
Descriptors: Leaders, Administrator Attitudes, College Readiness, Career Readiness
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Salloum, Serena J. – American Journal of Education, 2022
Purpose: Collective efficacy (CE)--a group's belief in its capabilities to organize and execute courses of action required to reach a goal--is an important organizational property because it facilitates goal attainment. The purpose of this sequential explanatory mixed-methods study was: (1) to affirm the link between CE and student achievement;…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Social Environment, Influences, Academic Achievement
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Fernandez, Frank; Ro, Hyun Kyoung; Wilson, Miranda – American Journal of Education, 2022
Purpose: Law schools are gatekeepers to powerful positions, including US federal judicial systems and legislative branches. Although scholars have addressed underrepresentation of women and racial minorities in law schools and the legal profession, they tend to examine gender and race separately. This study is a critical quantitative analysis of…
Descriptors: Law Schools, College Admission, Gender Differences, Racial Differences
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Hardy, Ian; Campbell, Todd – American Journal of Education, 2022
Purpose: Drawing upon research into standards reform, and theorizing of professional and political capital, this article seeks to understand the development of and advocacy for the Next Generation Science Standards in the United States. As well as revealing how professional capital exists in three dimensions--human, social, and decisional--the…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Science Education, Human Capital, Social Capital
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Kahne, Joseph; Bowyer, Benjamin; Marshall, Jessica; Hodgin, Erica – American Journal of Education, 2022
Purpose: Drawing on relevant literature, we conceptualize three pathways through which responsiveness to student voice may promote academic goals. Then, we analyze panel data of students in the Chicago Public Schools to examine this relationship. We focus on the "responsiveness" of teachers and administrators to student voice, because…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Student Participation, Public Schools, Student Attitudes
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Irby, Decoteau J.; Green, Terrance; Ishimaru, Ann M. – American Journal of Education, 2022
Purpose: This study sought to understand PK-12 district-level equity directors' efforts to improve experiences of students of color and outcomes in US districts. Research Methods: We interviewed 13 practicing equity directors and analyzed artifacts such as meeting minutes, equity policies, equity mission statements, job descriptions, and…
Descriptors: Minority Group Students, Racial Bias, Ethnicity, Equal Education
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Jabbar, Huriya; Daramola, Eupha Jeanne; Marsh, Julie A.; Enoch-Stevens, Taylor; Alonso, Jacob; Allbright, Taylor N. – American Journal of Education, 2022
Purpose: We examine policy influencers' perceptions of the targets of school-choice policy across five states, exploring how constructions varied for White and racially minoritized families, whether policy actors conceived of the "target" of policy as the child or the parent, and how these racialized constructions varied across different…
Descriptors: School Choice, School Policy, State Policy, Racial Attitudes
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Joshi, Ela; Redding, Christopher; Cannata, Marisa – American Journal of Education, 2021
Networked improvement communities (NICs) mark a promising approach to address the challenges of sustaining school reform. Whereas NICs are intended to help scale and sustain reforms, there is little evidence on how this works, as few NICs have existed long enough to be described over time. This study uses social network theory to understand what…
Descriptors: Communities of Practice, Social Networks, Educational Improvement, Educational Change
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Galey-Horn, Sarah; Woulfin, Sarah l. – American Journal of Education, 2021
Instructional coaching has emerged as a popular policy lever for improvement efforts in an era of teacher evaluation. In this environment, coaches often face conflicting demands between their educative duties to develop teachers and their reform-oriented responsibilities to implement district policy. Coaches can wield facets of teacher evaluation…
Descriptors: Coaching (Performance), Teacher Improvement, Teacher Evaluation, Instructional Improvement
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Lewis, Maria M.; Burke, Megan M.; Decker, Janet R. – American Journal of Education, 2021
Because the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) delineates much of the substantive and procedural dimensions of special education practice, it seems logical that IDEA should be an integral part of special education research. Yet, to what extent do special education researchers discuss IDEA? In this study, we systematically reviewed…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Students with Disabilities, Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation
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Shirrell, Matthew – American Journal of Education, 2021
Work-related social interactions are key to the effectiveness and retention of new teachers, yet little research has examined changes in these networks over time. Using longitudinal social network data from 14 elementary schools, this study explores new teachers' instructional advice interactions with their colleagues. Results suggest that new…
Descriptors: Beginning Teachers, Faculty Mobility, Elementary School Teachers, Collegiality
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Park-Gaghan, Toby J.; Mokher, Christine G.; Spencer, Hayley; Hu, Shouping – American Journal of Education, 2021
Underprepared students at community colleges are often assigned to a sequence of developmental education (DE) courses that can substantially delay, or even halt, their progress to degree completion. In 2014, Florida took a drastic step forward when it implemented a comprehensive DE reform. Our findings show large, positive base effects of the…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Two Year College Students, Educational Change, Remedial Instruction
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