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American Journal of Education691
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Salisbury, Jason – American Journal of Education, 2020
This qualitative case study employing a critical race theory methodology uses Derrick Bell's conceptualization of racial fortuity to examine the ways leaders at Carver High School responded to accountability pressures related to supporting students of color. Findings highlight how school leaders' espoused racially just improvement initiatives and…
Descriptors: High Schools, Racial Attitudes, Racial Bias, High School Students
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Levitan, Joseph; Johnson, Kayla M. – American Journal of Education, 2020
In this article we discuss a collaborative research project meant to ground community members' voices in curriculum design. We argue that performing collaborative research with students and parents can better inform curriculum design decisions, particularly for communities whose identities, knowledge(s), and ways of being have been historically…
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Culturally Relevant Education, Community Characteristics, Research Projects
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Gorski, Karlyn J. – American Journal of Education, 2020
Low-income, racial/ethnic minority youth in under-resourced schools have certain opportunities to acquire cultural capital that is valued in dominant institutional contexts. I use observational data from 6 months of debate practices and competitions with two teams in the Chicago Debate League, as well as interviews with 12 debaters and 2 coaches,…
Descriptors: High School Students, Debate, Cultural Capital, Low Income Students
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Tuma, Andrea Prado – American Journal of Education, 2020
A growing body of evidence suggests that schools' partnerships with neighborhood organizations can improve educational outcomes, but less is known about how educators, who play a crucial role in procuring, carrying out, and maintaining such partnerships, conceptualize the different organizations in their environment. This study uses data from 52…
Descriptors: School Personnel, Teacher Attitudes, Urban Schools, Partnerships in Education
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Stanton, Christine Rogers – American Journal of Education, 2019
Towns that border American Indian reservations provide important contexts for studying relationships between educational institutions and marginalized communities. This study applies critical discourse methodologies to evaluate policies from districts bordering reservations, districts geographically distant from reservations, and districts located…
Descriptors: American Indian Reservations, American Indians, School Districts, Correlation
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Rosen, Jeffrey A.; Warkentien, Siri; Rotermund, Susan – American Journal of Education, 2019
Many students who experience extended school absences or dropout episodes reengage with school and complete a diploma or alternative credential within 4 years of beginning ninth grade. However, these students have not been extensively studied, and the factors that affect reengagement decisions are not well understood. Using an educational…
Descriptors: Stopouts, Dropouts, Academic Persistence, Resilience (Psychology)
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Cuellar, Marcela G. – American Journal of Education, 2019
A substantial proportion of Latina/o college students enroll at Hispanic-Serving Institutions (HSIs) and emerging HSIs. Utilizing data from the University of California, Los Angeles Cooperative Institutional Research Program, this study quantitatively examines the choice process of Latina/os enrolled at 4-year HSIs, emerging HSIs, and non-HSIs.…
Descriptors: Hispanic American Students, College Students, Racial Composition, College Choice
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Allbright, Taylor N.; Marsh, Julie A.; Hall, Michelle; Tobben, Laura; Picus, Lawrence O.; Lavadenz, Magaly – American Journal of Education, 2019
We examine how district administrators' conceptions of equity relate to the implementation of finance reform. We use sensemaking theory and four views of equity--libertarian, liberal, democratic liberal, and transformative--to guide a case study of two districts, finding evidence of two conceptions of equity: (1) greater resources for students…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Program Implementation, Educational Finance, Finance Reform
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Mann, Bryan; Baker, David P. – American Journal of Education, 2019
An analysis from 2002 to 2014, aligning media reporting of the effectiveness of the fully online K-12 cyber charter school model with data on enrollment flows to cyber charter schools and expenditure and demographic indicators across all 500 residential public school districts in Pennsylvania, finds a three-part geospatial-social process. Initial…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, School Districts, Mass Media, Public Schools
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Curran, F. Chris; Fisher, Benjamin W.; Viano, Samantha; Kupchik, Aaron – American Journal of Education, 2019
The use of law enforcement in schools raises concerns about impacts on school discipline. Drawing on a large-scale qualitative study of approximately fifty schools across two school districts, this study explores school resource officers' (SROs') involvement in school discipline and how it is shaped by their context. We use interview, focus group,…
Descriptors: Law Enforcement, Discipline, Police, Police School Relationship
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Van de Werfhorst, Herman G. – American Journal of Education, 2019
This article studies socioeconomic inequalities in educational attainment in 21 European countries for cohorts born between 1925 and 1989, and asks the question whether reforms to track students later in the school career have reduced inequalities. Country fixed effects models show that inequalities by parental occupational class were reduced…
Descriptors: Track System (Education), Equal Education, Educational Attainment, Social Bias
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Wells, Ryan S.; Manly, Catherine A.; Kommers, Suzan; Kimball, Ezekiel – American Journal of Education, 2019
Empirical studies have concluded that rural students experience lower rates of college enrollment and degree completion compared to their nonrural peers, but this literature needs to be expanded and updated for a continually changing context. This article examines the rural-nonrural disparities in students' postsecondary trajectories, influences,…
Descriptors: Rural Areas, College Students, Rural Urban Differences, Barriers
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Kim, Jihyun – American Journal of Education, 2019
Early Career Teacher (ECT) turnover is a critical issue; the teacher turnover rate is significantly higher among ECTs as compared with experienced teachers, and they are more likely to fill vacancies in hard-to-staff schools. This study examines how principal leadership might affect ECT turnover by using a large-scale, nationally representative…
Descriptors: Principals, Instructional Leadership, Beginning Teachers, Faculty Mobility
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Casalaspi, David – American Journal of Education, 2019
Education researchers and political scientists have long raised theoretical objections to market-based reforms like school choice on the grounds that these policies may undermine public participation in democratic politics and erode public support for public institutions like schools. Little work, however, has empirically tested this claim.…
Descriptors: Democracy, School Choice, Voting, Bond Issues
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Spees, Lisa P.; Lauen, Douglas Lee – American Journal of Education, 2019
Charter school effects remain uncertain. Small lottery studies on high-performing charters produce impressive results, but large observational studies on the full range of charter schools are less encouraging. To make matters worse, these observational studies that aim for representativeness are based on only switchers, a small and…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Gains, Charter Schools, Observation
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