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Cannata, Marisa; Rubin, Mollie; Neel, Michael – American Journal of Education, 2021
This article is a case study of how educators made sense of the core ideas of a new statewide initiative intentionally designed to foster local flexibility. We trace the initiative's core elements through (1) communication materials, (2) school principals' understandings of the initiative and reasons for participation, and (3) teachers'…
Descriptors: Educational Practices, Principals, Administrator Attitudes, Teacher Attitudes
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Wiley, Kathryn E. – American Journal of Education, 2021
In this article, I use ethnographic data to theorize about the causes of Black-White racial disparities in discipline at a "mostly White" middle school. Using critical race and institutional theories, I identify two racial discipline logics: criminalized sequestering and racial exemption. These logics differently governed how school…
Descriptors: Racial Differences, Middle Schools, Middle School Students, Discipline
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Brown, Joshua Travis – American Journal of Education, 2021
This study explores how college and university presidents strategically negotiate institutional pressures and competing social norms in an attempt to maintain organizational legitimacy. It examines how presidents strategically frame organizational events in ways that help constituents make sense of their actions. Using archival and qualitative…
Descriptors: College Presidents, Administrator Attitudes, Educational Strategies, Transformational Leadership
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Lee, Moosung; Ryoo, Ji Hoon; Walker, Allan – American Journal of Education, 2021
To test emerging narratives of principals' direct effect on student outcomes on a large scale, this study investigates whether school principals' time use for interacting with individual students is associated with academic achievement and student safety at school. Built on recent research on principals' time use, this study explores whether…
Descriptors: Principals, Time Management, Interaction, Context Effect
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Wilson, Alison; Urick, Angela – American Journal of Education, 2021
The purpose of this study is to extend the literature on cultural reproduction theory and schools by problematizing the relationship between student background and student achievement. Using Program for International Student Assessment 2012 data, we analyze a series of random effects analyses of covariance to test the relationship between student…
Descriptors: Student Characteristics, Background, Academic Achievement, Cultural Influences
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Hubbard, Lea; Datnow, Amanda – American Journal of Education, 2020
A growing number of schools across the globe have implemented design thinking (DT) as an instructional approach to increase student engagement, motivate creative thinking, and teach students to problem solve. Although offering significant opportunity to students, implementing DT can involve pushing against the traditional "grammar of…
Descriptors: Middle Schools, Magnet Schools, Design, Leadership
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Castillo, Elise – American Journal of Education, 2020
Although initially ideologically diverse, the charter school movement has become increasingly aligned with neoliberal ideology, which assumes that public services, including education, are improved through market forces, such as accountability, competition, efficiency, and managerialism. Yet little is known about how leaders of ideologically…
Descriptors: Neoliberalism, Ideology, Progressive Education, Charter Schools
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Marsh, Julie A.; Allbright, Taylor N.; Bulkley, Katrina E.; Kennedy, Kate E.; Dhaliwal, Tasminda K. – American Journal of Education, 2020
The structure of US public education is changing. Rather than exclusive district management of schools with standardized programs, new types of systems have emerged. In the case of "portfolio" systems, advocates argue that choice, performance-based accountability, and autonomy challenge traditional schooling and foster a diversity of…
Descriptors: Models, School Organization, Educational Change, School Choice
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Fitzgerald, Miranda S. – American Journal of Education, 2020
Project-based learning (PBL) approaches seek to challenge the grammar of schooling by providing opportunities for students to: (1) explore meaningful questions using multiple disciplinary lenses; (2) read, interpret, and produce a wide range of texts as they engage in disciplinary inquiry; and (3) develop and use a range of social-emotional skills…
Descriptors: Social Development, Emotional Development, Active Learning, Student Projects
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Greene Nolan, Hillary l. – American Journal of Education, 2020
One educational structure with its own grammar is the student-teacher relationship. The conventional relational grammar involves teachers and students connecting to pursue academic learning--a grammar rooted in both historic attempts to define the professional domain of teaching as the transmission of academic knowledge as well as current efforts…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, High School Teachers, High School Students, Educational Change
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Salisbury, Jason – American Journal of Education, 2020
This qualitative case study employing a critical race theory methodology uses Derrick Bell's conceptualization of racial fortuity to examine the ways leaders at Carver High School responded to accountability pressures related to supporting students of color. Findings highlight how school leaders' espoused racially just improvement initiatives and…
Descriptors: High Schools, Racial Attitudes, Racial Bias, High School Students
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Levitan, Joseph; Johnson, Kayla M. – American Journal of Education, 2020
In this article we discuss a collaborative research project meant to ground community members' voices in curriculum design. We argue that performing collaborative research with students and parents can better inform curriculum design decisions, particularly for communities whose identities, knowledge(s), and ways of being have been historically…
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Culturally Relevant Education, Community Characteristics, Research Projects
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Gorski, Karlyn J. – American Journal of Education, 2020
Low-income, racial/ethnic minority youth in under-resourced schools have certain opportunities to acquire cultural capital that is valued in dominant institutional contexts. I use observational data from 6 months of debate practices and competitions with two teams in the Chicago Debate League, as well as interviews with 12 debaters and 2 coaches,…
Descriptors: High School Students, Debate, Cultural Capital, Low Income Students
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Tuma, Andrea Prado – American Journal of Education, 2020
A growing body of evidence suggests that schools' partnerships with neighborhood organizations can improve educational outcomes, but less is known about how educators, who play a crucial role in procuring, carrying out, and maintaining such partnerships, conceptualize the different organizations in their environment. This study uses data from 52…
Descriptors: School Personnel, Teacher Attitudes, Urban Schools, Partnerships in Education
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Hayes, Kathryn N.; Bae, Christine L.; O'Connor, Dawn; Seitz, Jeffery C. – American Journal of Education, 2020
Instructional reform in the United States is often accompanied by financial investment. Recent evidence suggests that such funding can improve educational outcomes; however, unexplained heterogeneity in the relationship between resources and outcomes has led to calls for research on the processes by which resources translate into instructional…
Descriptors: Financial Support, Instructional Improvement, Educational Resources, Educational Opportunities
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