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Bai, Yifan; Straus, Stephanie; Broer, Markus – American Institutes for Research, 2021
Educational inequality due to family socioeconomic status (SES) has been the focus of both public dialogue and education research in the United States for many years. The current study aims to understand how educational inequality due to family SES has changed in the United States. Specifically, the study focuses on the changes in achievement gaps…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Socioeconomic Status, National Competency Tests, Achievement Gap
Zhang, Jizhi; Bohrnstedt, George; Zheng, Xiaying; Bai, Yifan; Yee, Darrick; Broer, Markus – American Institutes for Research, 2021
Filling the STEM pipeline from secondary schools to postsecondary institutions is essential for the nations' competitiveness in the 21st century. It is therefore crucial to motivate more high school students to consider entering one of the STEM fields and to prepare themselves by taking advanced coursework in STEM that will prime them for choosing…
Descriptors: College Students, Majors (Students), Course Selection (Students), STEM Education
Strear, Molly; Duffy, Helen; Sunde, Ashley – American Institutes for Research, 2021
As educational digest and newspaper headlines can attest, COVID-19 is affecting the mental health and academic achievement of students across the country. School counselors are uniquely positioned in schools and districts to provide access to many of the supports that help bolster the well-being of students and allow them to be present and succeed…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, School Closing, School Counselors
Liao, Yuqi – American Institutes for Research, 2020
This analysis compares 15-year-old students who reported career expectations in finance in 13 education systems that participated in the financial literacy assessment of the 2015 Program for International Student Assessment (PISA). In particular, it explores (a) selected demographic characteristics of students who expected to have a career in…
Descriptors: High School Students, Occupational Aspiration, Finance Occupations, Expectation
de Hoop, Thomas; Ring, Hannah; Siwach, Garima; Dias, Paula; Tembo, Gelson; Rothbard, Victoria; Toungui, Anaïs – American Institutes for Research, 2020
Zambia has a large, autonomous community schooling system that formed during the nation's transition from a socialist economy. The community schooling system has expanded during the past 20 years to increase education access in remote areas. Estimates suggest that the number of Zambian community schools has increased from 100 schools in 1996 to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Rural Schools, Educational Technology, Electronic Learning
Durán, Richard P.; Zhang, Ting; Sañosa, David; Stancavage, Fran – American Institutes for Research, 2020
The National Assessment of Educational Progress's (NAEP's) transition to an entirely digitally based assessment (DBA) began in 2017. As part of this transition, new types of NAEP items have begun to be developed that leverage the DBA environment to measure a wider range of knowledge and skills. These new item types include the science…
Descriptors: National Competency Tests, Computer Assisted Testing, Science Tests, Test Items
American Institutes for Research, 2020
This brief compares 15-year-old students who reported career expectations in finance in 13 education systems that participated in the financial literacy assessment of the 2015 Program for International Student Assessment (PISA). It explores selected demographic characteristics of these students and the association between students' finance career…
Descriptors: High School Students, Occupational Aspiration, Finance Occupations, Money Management
de Hoop, Thomas – American Institutes for Research, 2020
Zambia faces many challenges common to low- and middle-income countries as it seeks to improve its education system, including low literacy rates for young Zambians and low public expenditure on education. In the past 20 years, Zambia's school system has expanded to reach more children in rural areas, primarily through community schools, which are…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Technology Uses in Education, Educational Objectives, Low Income
Levin, Jesse; Carbuccia, Maryan; Adelman-Sil, Ethan; Danks, Amanda – American Institutes for Research, 2020
This study estimates the per-student cost of Kentucky's Targeted Intervention (TI) program. The program seeks to help high school students who score below the ACT benchmarks in the 11th grade become college ready when graduating high school. The study uses the ingredients approach to cost analysis and a resource cost model (RCM) to organize data…
Descriptors: Cost Effectiveness, Intervention, Program Costs, College Readiness
Petscher, Yaacov; Zumeta Edmonds, Rebecca; Arden, Sarah; Weingarten, Zachary – American Institutes for Research, 2020
The purpose of this project evaluation was to assess the impact of data-based individualization (DBI) on the mathematics achievement of students with intensive mathematics learning needs, including students with disabilities. The evaluation study used a cluster randomized trial in which elementary schools were randomly assigned to treatment using…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Students with Disabilities, Student Needs, Program Effectiveness
Drummond, Katie V.; Tucker-Bradway, Natalie; Smith, Deeza-Mae; Hubbard, Daniel; Meakin, John; Salinger, Terry – American Institutes for Research, 2020
This i3 scale-up study examined the implementation and effectiveness of a 3-year literacy intervention developed by the Children's Literacy Initiative (CLI). The study was a school-level cluster randomized controlled trial conducted in 55 elementary schools from four states. Implementation results showed a high level of fidelity of intervention…
Descriptors: Literacy Education, Intervention, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation
Atchison, Drew – American Institutes for Research, 2020
With the economic halt precipitated by the COVID-19 virus, states are starting to prepare for and beginning to address the budgetary squeeze that is sure to come absent of massive federal stimulus dollars. At the end of March, New York State was the first state to come out with a post-COVID-19 state budget (the Legislative Budget). In early April,…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, State Aid, Equal Education, Educational Equity (Finance)
Hester, Candace; Kitmitto, Sami – American Institutes for Research, 2020
Prior research indicates that future workers will not possess enough training to contribute to a robust U.S. labor market, especially in "middle-skill" roles that require some postsecondary education but not a 4-year degree. At the same time, the last 30 years have borne witness to an increased likelihood that middle-skill individuals…
Descriptors: Job Skills, College Credits, Postsecondary Education, Job Training
Hester, Candace; Kitmitto, Sami; Yibass, Semret – American Institutes for Research, 2020
It is commonly understood that education is one of the most reliable paths to economic security-- particularly for Black and Latinx people and for people from low-wealth families. But it is less well known that the greatest unmet labor market demand is for workers with "middle skills," who have some postsecondary training but not a…
Descriptors: Skill Development, Job Skills, Certification, College Credits
Rege, Gauri; Curnow, Christina – American Institutes for Research, 2020
Indiana's state grant application for participation in the Occupational Licensing Policy Learning Consortium identified increasing portability of licensure for targeted professionals as an area of focus. The 2019 Indiana General Assembly passed the Enhanced Nurse Licensing Compact (eNLC) legislation, which went into effect July 1, 2019. The eNLC…
Descriptors: Certification, State Legislation, Nurses, Emergency Medical Technicians
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