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Bruno, Paul; Rabovsky, Sarah J.; Strunk, Katharine O. – American Educational Research Journal, 2020
Novice teachers' professional contexts may have important implications for their effectiveness, development, and retention. However, due to data limitations, descriptions of these contexts are often unidimensional or vague. Using 10 years of administrative data from the Los Angeles Unified School District, we describe patterns of new teacher…
Descriptors: Teacher Distribution, Teacher Placement, Beginning Teachers, Classroom Environment
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Liu, Ran; Alvarado-Urbina, Andrea; Hannum, Emily – American Educational Research Journal, 2020
Studies of gender disparities in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) performance have generally focused on average differences. However, the extremes could also be important because disparities at the top may shape stratification in access to STEM careers, while disparities at the bottom can shape stratification in dropout.…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Differences, Regional Characteristics, Mathematics Achievement
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Leath, Seanna; Mathews, Channing; Harrison, Asya; Chavous, Tabbye – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
This study examined the associations among racial identity beliefs (centrality and public regard), racial discrimination, and academic engagement outcomes among 1,659 African American adolescents across two demographically distinct school districts, one predominantly Black, working class (n = 1,100) and one predominantly White, middle class (n =…
Descriptors: Racial Identification, Racial Discrimination, School Districts, Gender Differences
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Jerrim, John; Sims, Sam – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
An extensive literature has investigated the link between living in an area with an academically selective schooling system and young people's educational outcomes. In contrast, evidence on the link between selective education and young people's wider outcomes is relatively sparse. This article uses rich survey data to test whether young people…
Descriptors: Selective Admission, Interpersonal Competence, Emotional Development, Social Development
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Baker, Dominique J. – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Eight states currently have bans on affirmative action, yet little research has focused on the characteristics of states that predict ban adoption. To begin filling this gap in the literature, I conduct discrete-time survival analysis on an aggregated data set of 47 states from 1995 to 2012 to investigate the extent to which various…
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, College Admission, Public Colleges, Predictor Variables
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Galla, Brian M.; Shulman, Elizabeth P.; Plummer, Benjamin D.; Gardner, Margo; Hutt, Stephen J.; Goyer, J. Parker; D'Mello, Sidney K.; Finn, Amy S.; Duckworth, Angela L. – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Compared with admissions test scores, why are high school grades better at predicting college graduation? We argue that success in college requires not only cognitive ability but also self-regulatory competencies that are better indexed by high school grades. In a national sample of 47,303 students who applied to college for the 2009/2010 academic…
Descriptors: Grades (Scholastic), Predictor Variables, Time to Degree, Scores
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Han, Seong Won; Borgonovi, Francesca; Guerriero, Sonia – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
This study examines between-country differences in the degree to which teachers' working conditions, salaries, and societal evaluations about desirable job characteristics are associated with students' teaching career expectations. Three-level hierarchical generalized linear models are employed to analyze cross-national data from the Programme for…
Descriptors: High School Students, Teaching (Occupation), Vocational Interests, Career Choice
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Gottfried, Michael A.; Plasman, Jay Stratte – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
While prior studies have examined the efficacy of career and technical education (CTE) courses on high school students' outcomes, there is little knowledge on timing of these courses and a potential link to student outcomes. We asked if the timing of these courses predicted differences in the likelihood of dropout and on-time high school…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Dropouts, College Bound Students, High School Students
Ganley, Colleen M.; George, Casey E.; Cimpian, Joseph R.; Makowski, Martha B. – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
Women are underrepresented in many science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) majors and in some non-STEM majors (e.g., philosophy). Combining newly gathered data on students' perceptions of college major traits with data from the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:2002), we find that perceived gender bias against women…
Descriptors: Majors (Students), Gender Differences, Sex Fairness, Females
Hill, Heather C.; Chin, Mark – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
Both scholars and professional standards identify teachers' knowledge of students as important to promoting effective instruction and student learning. Prior research investigates two such types of knowledge: knowledge of student thinking and teacher accuracy in predicting student performance on cognitive assessments. However, the field presents…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Knowledge Base for Teaching, Teacher Effectiveness, Mathematics Teachers
Murphy, P. Karen; Greene, Jeffrey A.; Firetto, Carla M.; Hendrick, Brendan D.; Li, Mengyi; Montalbano, Cristin; Wei, Liwei – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
Students often struggle to comprehend complex text. In response, we conducted an initial, year-long study of Quality Talk, a teacher-facilitated, small-group discussion approach designed to enhance students' basic and high-level comprehension, in two fourth-grade classrooms. Specifically, teachers delivered instructional mini-lessons on discourse…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Small Group Instruction, Group Discussion, Elementary School Students
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Bertram, Christiane; Wagner, Wolfgang; Trautwein, Ulrich – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
The present study examined the effectiveness of the oral history approach with respect to students' historical competence. A total of 35 ninth-grade classes (N = 900) in Germany were randomly assigned to one of four conditions--live, video, text, or a (nontreated) control group--in a pretest, posttest, and follow-up design. Comparing the three…
Descriptors: Randomized Controlled Trials, Oral History, Interviews, Intervention
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Foster, E. Michael; Jenkins, Jade V. Marcus – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
This article reconsiders the association between childhood arts participation and cognitive and developmental outcomes. Using data from a large, nationally representative sample with extensive covariates, we employ propensity score weighting to adjust comparisons of children who do and do not participate in arts education (music and performing…
Descriptors: Student Participation, Music Activities, Theater Arts, Art Education
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Thomas, Almut E. – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
Implicit stereotypes associating science with male might play a role in the development of gender differences in students' motivations for physical science. Particularly, the stereotypes of influential adults may induce students' regulatory foci and subsequently their motivational beliefs. Drawing on expectancy-value theory, this study…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Student Motivation, Science Interests, Physical Sciences
Grissom, Jason A.; Kalogrides, Demetra; Loeb, Susanna – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
School performance pressures apply disproportionately to tested grades and subjects. Using longitudinal administrative data--including achievement data from untested grades--and teacher survey data from a large urban district, we examine schools' responses to those pressures in assigning teachers to high-stakes and low-stakes classrooms. We find…
Descriptors: Student Records, Academic Achievement, Teacher Surveys, Tests
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