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Sincovich, Alanna; Gregory, Tess; Harman-Smith, Yasmin; Brinkman, Sally Anne – American Educational Research Journal, 2020
Despite widespread utilization, research exploring associations between playgroup and child development is scarce. We analyzed a national data set measuring the holistic development of children aged 4 to 6 years who commenced school in Australia in 2015 (n = 104,767), the Australian Early Development Census, to explore developmental differences…
Descriptors: Play, Correlation, Child Development, Preschool Children
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Dumont, Hanna; Ready, Douglas D. – American Educational Research Journal, 2020
This article explores how the associations between student achievement and achievement growth influence our understanding of the role schools play in academic inequality. Using nationally representative data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010-2011 (ECLS-K:2011), we constructed parallel growth and lagged score…
Descriptors: Equal Education, School Role, Correlation, Academic Achievement
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Sabol, Terri J.; Ross, Emily C.; Frost, Allison – American Educational Research Journal, 2020
Most accountability policies monitor Head Start quality at the center level by selecting a subset of classrooms within a center to represent quality. This study explores variation in classroom quality in Head Start and implications for accountability systems and children's well-being. We find that one third to one half of the variation in quality…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Federal Programs, Educational Quality, Accountability
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Roth, Kathleen J.; Wilson, Christopher D.; Taylor, Joseph A.; Stuhlsatz, Molly A. M.; Hvidsten, Connie – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
This study tests the influence of a video-based, analysis-of-practice professional development (PD) program on upper-elementary teachers' science content knowledge, pedagogical content knowledge, and teaching practice and on their students' achievement. Using a cluster-randomized experimental design, the study compares the outcomes for teachers in…
Descriptors: Video Technology, Faculty Development, Science Instruction, Pedagogical Content Knowledge
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Leath, Seanna; Mathews, Channing; Harrison, Asya; Chavous, Tabbye – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
This study examined the associations among racial identity beliefs (centrality and public regard), racial discrimination, and academic engagement outcomes among 1,659 African American adolescents across two demographically distinct school districts, one predominantly Black, working class (n = 1,100) and one predominantly White, middle class (n =…
Descriptors: Racial Identification, Racial Discrimination, School Districts, Gender Differences
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Ansari, Arya; Pianta, Robert C.; Whittaker, Jessica V.; Vitiello, Virginia E.; Ruzek, Erik A. – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
This investigation considered the short-term benefits of early childhood education participation at age 3 for 1,213 children from low-income families living in a large and linguistically diverse county. Although no benefits emerged for executive functioning, children who participated in formal early childhood programs at the age of 3 entered…
Descriptors: Educational Benefits, Executive Function, Early Childhood Education, Low Income
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Givens, Jarvis R. – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
This article analyzes Carter G. Woodson's iconic Negro History Week and its impact on Black schools during Jim Crow. Negro History Week introduced knowledge on Afro-diasporic history and culture to schools around the country. As a result of teachers' grassroots organizing, it became a cultural norm in Black schools by the end of the 1930s. This…
Descriptors: African American History, African American Students, Racial Bias, Racial Segregation
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Grissom, Jason A.; Bartanen, Brendan – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Studies link principal effectiveness to lower average rates of teacher turnover. However, principals need not target retention efforts equally to all teachers. Instead, strong principals may seek to strategically influence the composition of their school's teaching force by retaining high performers and not retaining lower performers. We…
Descriptors: Principals, Administrator Effectiveness, Labor Turnover, Teacher Persistence
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Kumar, Revathy; Lauermann, Fani – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
This cross-sectional study examines associations between preservice teachers' experiences in teacher education (n = 2,129), their beliefs about culturally diverse students, and their endorsed instructional practices within social reconstructionist and achievement goal theory frameworks. Structural equation modeling confirmed significant…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Correlation, Cultural Influences, Teacher Education
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Parker, Philip D.; Marsh, Herbert W.; Jerrim, John P.; Guo, Jiesi; Dicke, Theresa – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
Research suggests that a country does not need inequity to have high performance. However, such research has potentially suffered from confounders present in between-country comparative research (e.g., latent cultural differences). Likewise, relatively little consideration has been given to whether the situation may be different for high- or…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Educational Quality, Academic Achievement, Achievement Tests
Ganley, Colleen M.; George, Casey E.; Cimpian, Joseph R.; Makowski, Martha B. – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
Women are underrepresented in many science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) majors and in some non-STEM majors (e.g., philosophy). Combining newly gathered data on students' perceptions of college major traits with data from the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:2002), we find that perceived gender bias against women…
Descriptors: Majors (Students), Gender Differences, Sex Fairness, Females
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Gassman-Pines, Anna; Bellows, Laura – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
Although social policies aimed at low-income families are thought to promote children's educational success, little research has examined how these policies are related to children's academic achievement. This article focuses on the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), the United States' largest food assistance program. Using…
Descriptors: Food, Hunger, Low Income Students, Program Effectiveness
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Bertram, Christiane; Wagner, Wolfgang; Trautwein, Ulrich – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
The present study examined the effectiveness of the oral history approach with respect to students' historical competence. A total of 35 ninth-grade classes (N = 900) in Germany were randomly assigned to one of four conditions--live, video, text, or a (nontreated) control group--in a pretest, posttest, and follow-up design. Comparing the three…
Descriptors: Randomized Controlled Trials, Oral History, Interviews, Intervention
Buckley, Pamela; Moore, Brooke; Boardman, Alison G.; Arya, Diana J.; Maul, Andrew – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
K-12 intervention studies often include fidelity of implementation (FOI) as a mediating variable, though most do not report the validity of fidelity measures. This article discusses the critical need for validated FOI scales. To illustrate our point, we describe the development and validation of the Implementation Validity Checklist (IVC-R), an…
Descriptors: Intervention, Fidelity, Program Implementation, Test Validity
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Saporito, Salvatore – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
This study investigates how much the geographic shapes of school attendance zones contributes to their levels of income segregation while holding constant levels of income segregation across residential areas. Income segregation across attendance zones is measured with the rank ordered information theory index. Income segregation across…
Descriptors: Attendance, Indexes, Income, Neighborhoods
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