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Hurwitz, Sarah; Perry, Brea; Cohen, Emma D.; Skiba, Russell – American Educational Research Journal, 2020
This study examined the effectiveness of participating in special education on the academic outcomes of students with disabilities. A sample of 575 students from a large, urban school district were followed longitudinally as they transitioned between general and special education to evaluate whether receiving special education services was…
Descriptors: Special Education, Academic Achievement, Outcomes of Education, Students with Disabilities
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Graham, Eliot J. – American Educational Research Journal, 2020
Conceptualizing educational inequality as equivalent to the "achievement gap" has fueled the expansion of no-excuses charters, which purport to raise test scores and thereby equalize opportunities for low-income students of color. In contrast, I argue that the individual provision of opportunity is inadequate to address the structural…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Charter Schools, Equal Education, Compliance (Psychology)
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Ee, Jongyeon; Gándara, Patricia – American Educational Research Journal, 2020
In response to growing concerns about the impact of harsh immigration enforcement policy since the 2016 presidential campaign, we examined its overall impact on the nation's schools, using survey data completed by over 3,600 educators across the country. Our study results show that immigration enforcement is affecting all students--both those from…
Descriptors: Immigration, Law Enforcement, Public Policy, Elementary Secondary Education
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Lane, John L. – American Educational Research Journal, 2020
While researchers have shown great interest in understanding teacher evaluation, little is known about how teachers' actions and interactions surrounding evaluation affect the dual goals of evaluation--accountability and development. Using data collected during a yearlong ethnographic study at three schools (combined with follow-up interviews four…
Descriptors: Teacher Evaluation, Accountability, Teacher Attitudes, Evaluation Methods
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Rogers, Leoandra Onnie; Brooms, Derrick R. – American Educational Research Journal, 2020
National data trends underscore the "problem" of Black male achievement. Beneath the causes and consequences are the ideologies used to frame the problem and its solutions. The ideology of meritocracy is routinely employed to rationalize educational disparities. This article examined how White male teachers, in a charter school designed…
Descriptors: Ideology, African American Students, Males, High School Students
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Stearns, Elizabeth; Bottia, Martha Cecilia; Giersch, Jason; Mickelson, Roslyn Arlin; Moller, Stephanie; Jha, Nandan; Dancy, Melissa – American Educational Research Journal, 2020
Using a multimethod approach, we investigate whether gender gaps in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) major declaration in college are explained by differences in the grades that students earn in STEM versus non-STEM subjects. With quantitative data, we find that relative advantages in college academic performance in STEM…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Grades (Scholastic), Gender Differences, Majors (Students)
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Dumont, Hanna; Ready, Douglas D. – American Educational Research Journal, 2020
This article explores how the associations between student achievement and achievement growth influence our understanding of the role schools play in academic inequality. Using nationally representative data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010-2011 (ECLS-K:2011), we constructed parallel growth and lagged score…
Descriptors: Equal Education, School Role, Correlation, Academic Achievement
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Greene, Jeffrey A.; Lobczowski, Nikki G.; Freed, Rebekah; Cartiff, Brian M.; Demetriou, Cynthia; Panter, A. T. – American Educational Research Journal, 2020
First-year courses have been used to bolster college student success, but empirical evidence on their efficacy is mixed. We investigated whether a first-year science of learning course, focused on self-regulated learning, would benefit first-generation college students. We randomly assigned students to a treatment condition involving enrollment in…
Descriptors: College Freshmen, College Science, Electronic Learning, Online Courses
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Yang, Yuqin; van Aalst, Jan; Chan, Carol K. K. – American Educational Research Journal, 2020
This study investigates designs for developing knowledge building (KB) and higher order competencies among academically low-achieving students. Thirty-seven low-achieving students from a ninth-grade visual arts course in Hong Kong participated. The design involved principle-based KB pedagogy, with students writing on Knowledge Forum® (KF),…
Descriptors: Reflection, Student Evaluation, Knowledge Level, Low Achievement
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Le, Vi-Nhuan; Schaack, Diana; Neishi, Kristen; Hernandez, Marc W.; Blank, Rolf – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Policymakers have advocated academic skills building at kindergarten as a way of improving student achievement. However, early childhood educators have concerns with this policy as gains in achievement may come at the expense of children's social-emotional skills. Using a nationally representative data set of kindergartners, we find that advanced…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Academic Achievement, Early Childhood Teachers, Achievement Gains
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Caraballo, Limarys – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Discourses of achievement often overlook the interdependence of classroom contexts, students' identities, and academic performance. This narrative analysis explores how high-achieving students of color construct identities-in-practice in a diverse urban middle school. By documenting explicit moments in which students construct…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Academic Achievement, Classroom Environment, High Achievement
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Ansari, Arya; Pianta, Robert C.; Whittaker, Jessica V.; Vitiello, Virginia E.; Ruzek, Erik A. – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
This investigation considered the short-term benefits of early childhood education participation at age 3 for 1,213 children from low-income families living in a large and linguistically diverse county. Although no benefits emerged for executive functioning, children who participated in formal early childhood programs at the age of 3 entered…
Descriptors: Educational Benefits, Executive Function, Early Childhood Education, Low Income
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Cordes, Sarah A.; Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Stiefel, Leanna – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Residential mobility is likely to have consequences for student performance, but prior empirical work is largely correlational and offers little insight into its impacts. Using rich, longitudinal data, we estimate the effects of residential mobility on the performance of New York City public school students. Using both student fixed effects and…
Descriptors: Place of Residence, Student Mobility, Academic Achievement, Performance Factors
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Kibler, Amanda K.; Molloy Elreda, Lauren; Hemmler, Vonna L.; Arbeit, Miriam R.; Beeson, Rebecca; Johnson, Haley E. – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Adolescents' peer networks tend to segregate by relative language proficiency, but students from all linguistic backgrounds benefit academically from classroom peer relationships both within and across English learner (EL) and non-EL classified groups. We drew upon social network analysis of student survey data in 46 English and math middle school…
Descriptors: Teacher Role, Peer Relationship, English Language Learners, English Instruction
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Marsh, Herbert W.; Van Zanden, Brooke; Parker, Philip D.; Guo, Jiesi; Conigrave, James; Seaton, Marjorie – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
We evaluated STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) coursework selection by women and men (representative longitudinal sample, 10,370 Australians) in senior high school and university, controlling achievement and expectancy-value variables. A near-zero total effect of gender on high school STEM enrollment reflected pathways…
Descriptors: Females, STEM Education, Course Selection (Students), High School Students
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