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Showing 1 to 15 of 47 results Save | Export
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Rury, John L. – American Educational Research Journal, 2002
Discusses James Conant's ideas about the democratic role of the comprehensive high school and addresses just how those ideas have been treated by history. Major historical events have converged in the post-World War II period to make Conant's view of the democratic high school problematic, at least in large metropolitan areas. (SLD)
Descriptors: Democracy, Educational Philosophy, High Schools, School Role
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Lewis, Amanda E. – American Educational Research Journal, 2001
Using ethnographic techniques and formal interviews with 12 students, examined the racial messages and lessons students got from parents and teachers in one suburban elementary school community. Explicit color-blind "race talk" masked a reality of racialized practices and color-conscious understandings. Discusses this apparent paradox in the…
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Elementary School Teachers, Ethnography
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Plank, Stephen B.; Jordan, Will J. – American Educational Research Journal, 2001
Uses National Educational Longitudinal Study data for approximately 25,000 students to show that information about higher education, guidance, and essential preparatory actions taken by secondary school students influences whether they will attend postsecondary education institutions within 2 years of high school graduation, and the types of…
Descriptors: College Choice, College Preparation, Guidance, Higher Education
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Mcloughlin, Caven S.; And Others – American Educational Research Journal, 1983
Prospective educators' knowledge of children's legal rights in several areas was assessed. Results indicated limited legal knowledge and some misconceptions about the law. The need for colleges of education to adapt their curricula to include legal issues is discussed. (Author/DWH)
Descriptors: Childrens Rights, Education Majors, Higher Education, Knowledge Level
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Stein, Mary Kay; Grover, Barbara W.; Henningsen, Majorie – American Educational Research Journal, 1996
A sample of 144 mathematical tasks used during reform-oriented teaching was analyzed in terms of task features and cognitive demands. The ways cognitive demands of high-level tasks declined and factors associated with task changes were explored. Teachers used tasks that led to the development of students' thinking capacities. (MAK)
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Difficulty Level, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education
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Derry, Sharon J.; Potts, Michael K. – American Educational Research Journal, 1998
Studied five tutors' personal constructs about their students, as identified by repertory grid interviews and interpreted by cluster analysis. All tutors judged and classified students in similarly defined terms of motivation and intellectual ability. Implications for programming computer-based tutors are discussed. (Author/MAK)
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Cluster Analysis, College Students, Computer Assisted Instruction
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Rong, Xue Lan; Preissle, Judith – American Educational Research Journal, 1997
Using data from the Census and the Department of Education, this study compares 1970, 1980, and 1990 to analyze shortages of Asian American teachers by U.S. geographic location, Asian nationality, gender, grade level, and immigration status. Causes of shortages are linked to traditional patterns of teacher recruitment. (SLD)
Descriptors: Asian Americans, Census Figures, Educational History, Educational Trends
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Webb, Noreen M.; Nemer, Kariane M.; Chizhik, Alexander W.; Sugrue, Brenda – American Educational Research Journal, 1998
Investigated the effects of group ability composition on group processes and outcomes in science performance assessments. Findings from 21 eighth-grade science classes (445 students) show that group ability composition has a great impact on performance and that heterogeneous groups provide more of a benefit for below-average students than a…
Descriptors: Ability, Cooperation, Cooperative Learning, Educational Assessment
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Burns, Robert B.; Mason, DeWayne A. – American Educational Research Journal, 1998
Examined the class formation procedures used in 22 elementary schools from two districts and the influence these procedures had on the composition of 200 classes, 56 of which were combination classes of students from two grade levels. Principals tended to assign higher ability and more independent students to combination classes to ease teacher…
Descriptors: Ability, Class Organization, Elementary Education, Grouping (Instructional Purposes)
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Johnson, Margaret J.; Pajares, Frank – American Educational Research Journal, 1996
The implementation of a shared decision making (SDM) project in a large public secondary school was studied for three years. Factors that enhanced the SDM process were the confidence stakeholders had in themselves, resource availability, creation of democratic rules and procedures, early and concrete accomplishments, and the principal's support.…
Descriptors: Achievement, Cooperation, Democracy, Educational Change
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Labaree, David F. – American Educational Research Journal, 1997
Alternative educational goals that have been at the root of educational conflict in the United States are explored: (1) democratic equality; (2) social efficiency; and (3) social mobility. Conflict over these goals, especially the domination of the social mobility goal, has resulted in a contradictory structure that impairs educational efficiency.…
Descriptors: Conflict, Democracy, Educational Objectives, Educational Philosophy
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Astor, Ron Avi; Meyer, Heather Ann; Behre, William J. – American Educational Research Journal, 1999
Interviews with 78 high school students and 22 teachers in five high schools suggest that violence occurs at predictable locations and times in and around the school building. The locations were generally undefined public space not supervised by any teacher. Discusses implications for the prevention of school violence. Contains 98 references. (SLD)
Descriptors: High School Students, High Schools, Maps, Prevention
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Kuh, George D. – American Educational Research Journal, 1993
The impact of out-of-class experiences on outcomes of college attendance considered important by students were studied through interviews with 149 seniors at 12 colleges and universities. Fourteen categories of learning and personal development were identified. Results demonstrate the importance of experiences beyond the classroom. (SLD)
Descriptors: College Environment, College Outcomes Assessment, College Seniors, Educational Experience
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Goldenberg, Claude N. – American Educational Research Journal, 1989
Three case studies in southern California explore the effects of parental involvement on a child's reading achievement through the parent's influence over reading group placement. Two Hispanic first-graders improved substantially when their parents took actions explicitly related to reading group placement; a third remained in a low reading group.…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Grouping (Instructional Purposes)
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Miller, Sandra E.; And Others – American Educational Research Journal, 1988
Ethnographic methods were used to assess three learning-disabled and three normal tenth and eleventh grade boys at a school with an unusually low dropout rate. Institutional, classroom, and interpersonal factors behind the schools' student retention ability are described. (TJH)
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Comparative Analysis, Dropouts, Ethnography
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