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Marsh, Herbert W.; Abduljabbar, Adel Salah; Parker, Philip D.; Morin, Alexandre J. S.; Abdelfattah, Faisal; Nagengast, Benjamin; Möller, Jens; Abu-Hilal, Maher M. – American Educational Research Journal, 2015
The internal/external frame of reference (I/E) model and dimensional comparison theory posit paradoxical relations between achievement (ACH) and self-concept (SC) in mathematics (M) and verbal (V) domains; ACH in each domain positively affects SC in the matching domain (e.g., MACH to MSC) but negatively in the nonmatching domain (e.g., MACH to…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Cultural Differences, Academic Achievement, Comparative Analysis
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Desimone, Laura M.; Smith, Thomas; Baker, David; Ueno, Koji – American Educational Research Journal, 2005
The authors assessed five commonly perceived barriers to increased use of conceptual teaching in mathematics in the United States related to teacher autonomy, trade-offs with computational strategies, student achievement, class size, and teacher qualifications. These barriers were examined through the use of data from nationally representative…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Educational Change, Professional Autonomy, Academic Achievement
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Tatsuoka, Kikumi K.; Corter, James E.; Tatsuoka, Curtis – American Educational Research Journal, 2004
This study used a diagnostic testing approach to compare the mathematics achievement of eighth-grade students across a sample of 20 countries, analyzing data from the Third International Math and Science Study-Revised (TIMSS-R, 1999). Using the rule-space method, student mastery was measured on 23 specific content knowledge and processing…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Grade 8, Problem Solving, Thinking Skills
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LeTendre, Gerald K.; Hofer, Barbara K.; Shimizu, Hidetada – American Educational Research Journal, 2003
Used data from the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) to study tracking as curricular differentiation and student placement in elementary and secondary school in the United States, Germany, and Japan. Findings show clear national differences and conflicts based on dominant cultural beliefs. (SLD)
Descriptors: Cultural Awareness, Cultural Differences, Curriculum, Foreign Countries
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Purdie, Nola; Hattie, John – American Educational Research Journal, 1996
Strategies used by upper secondary school students to regulate their own learning processes were studied for 248 Australian students, 215 Japanese students in Japan, and 30 Japanese students in Australia. The pattern of strategy used varied for each cultural group, with Japanese students using memory strategies significantly more often. (SLD)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Cultural Differences, Foreign Countries, Learning Strategies
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Mayer, Richard E.; And Others – American Educational Research Journal, 1995
This brief report compares the lessons on addition and subtraction of signed whole numbers in three seventh-grade Japanese mathematics texts and four U.S. mathematics texts. Japanese books contained many more worked-out examples and relevant illustrations, while U.S. books had more irrelevant illustrations and unsolved problems. (SLD)
Descriptors: Addition, Comparative Analysis, Foreign Countries, Grade 7
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Hamilton, V. Lee; And Others – American Educational Research Journal, 1989
Efforts of 10 Japanese and 9 American teachers in Chiba City (Japan) and Ann Arbor (Michigan), respectively, to socialize their students and the 407 Japanese and 207 American students' judgments of norms were compared. Four domains of classroom life were studied: academic performance; academic procedures; social procedures; and morality. (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Citizen Role, Citizenship Education, Comparative Analysis
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Hamilton, V. Lee; And Others – American Educational Research Journal, 1989
The reasons 184 American and 399 Japanese fifth-graders gave for achievement and good conduct in school were compared. Responses of Japanese children may reflect stronger identification with adult authority. Japanese children gave fewer external reasons for actions than their American counterparts. Implications for the study of motivation are…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Childhood Attitudes, Comparative Analysis, Cross Cultural Studies
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Inagaki, Kayoko; Hatano, Giyoo – American Educational Research Journal, 1977
Fourth-grade control students were given a multiple-choice problem involving conservation of weight. Experimental group subjects were given a fictitious choice response distribution with conflicting reasons. Curiosity for confirmation, progress in generalizing the principle of conservation, and positive correlation between curiosity and progress…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Concept Formation, Conservation (Concept), Curiosity