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ERIC Number: EJ939251
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Oct
Pages: 39
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0002-8312
Converging Trajectories: Reading Growth in Language Minority Learners and Their Classmates, Kindergarten to Grade 8
Kieffer, Michael J.
American Educational Research Journal, v48 n5 p1187-1225 Oct 2011
Using longitudinal data on a nationally representative U.S. cohort, this study examined the roles of language minority (LM) status and English proficiency in English reading growth across the elementary and middle school years. Piecewise growth modeling was used to compare English reading growth trajectories for native English speakers and LM learners of differing initial English proficiency, with and without controlling for socioeconomic status. LM learners who enter kindergarten fluent in English catch up with native English speakers nationally by first grade and maintain nationally average levels through eighth grade. LM learners with initially limited English proficiency demonstrated English reading trajectories that remain substantially below national averages, but converge with those of their peers from similar socioeconomic backgrounds during middle school. (Contains 5 notes, 5 figures, and 4 tables.)
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education; Grade 1; Grade 2; Grade 3; Grade 4; Grade 5; Grade 6; Grade 7; Grade 8; Intermediate Grades; Junior High Schools; Kindergarten; Middle Schools; Primary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey
IES Cited: ED531335; ED558159; ED559979