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McKinney de Royston, Maxine; Madkins, Tia C.; Givens, Jarvis R.; Nasir, Na'ilah Suad – American Educational Research Journal, 2021
Many Black educators in the United States demonstrate a political clarity about white supremacy and the racialized harm it cultivates in and out of schools. We highlight the perspectives of some of these educators and ask, (1) How do they articulate the need to protect Black children? and (2) What mechanisms of protection do they enact in their…
Descriptors: African American Teachers, Elementary School Teachers, Secondary School Teachers, Teacher Student Relationship
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Gitomer, Drew H.; Martínez, José Felipe; Battey, Dan; Hyland, Nora E. – American Educational Research Journal, 2021
The Educative Teacher Performance Assessment (edTPA) is a system of standardized portfolio assessments of teaching performance mandated for use by educator preparation programs in 18 states, and approved in 21 others, as part of initial certification for preservice teachers. Because of the high stakes involved for examinees, it is critical that…
Descriptors: Evaluation, Performance Based Assessment, Test Reliability, Test Validity
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Viano, Samantha; Pham, Lam D.; Henry, Gary T.; Kho, Adam; Zimmer, Ron – American Educational Research Journal, 2021
Attracting and retaining teachers can be an important ingredient in improving low-performing schools. In this study, we estimate the expressed preferences for teachers who have worked in low-performing schools in Tennessee. Using adaptive conjoint analysis survey design, we examine three types of school attributes that may influence teachers'…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Employment, Faculty Mobility, Decision Making
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Duke, Nell K.; Halvorsen, Anne-Lise; Strachan, Stephanie L.; Kim, Jihyun; Konstantopoulos, Spyros – American Educational Research Journal, 2021
This cluster randomized controlled trial investigated the impact of project-based learning with professional development supports on social studies and literacy achievement and motivation of second-grade students from low-socioeconomic status school districts. At random in within-school pairs, 48 teachers were assigned to the experimental or…
Descriptors: Active Learning, Student Projects, Instructional Effectiveness, Grade 2
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Marsh, Julie A.; Allbright, Taylor N.; Brown, Danica R.; Bulkley, Katrina E.; Strunk, Katharine O.; Harris, Douglas N. – American Educational Research Journal, 2021
In recent years, some U.S. school districts have shifted away from direct management of schools, toward systems in which some or all schools operate under enhanced autonomy, accountability, and parental choice. Yet dynamics driving these changes are understudied, and there are few comparative studies of system-level governance shifts. To address…
Descriptors: Administrative Change, Governance, School Districts, Urban Schools
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Moses, Michele S.; Wiley, Kathryn E. – American Educational Research Journal, 2020
Scholars in distinct academic disciplines may examine the same or similar phenomena, often relying on concepts that are well known within each discipline. In this article, we examine two related sociological concepts--capital and adaptive preferences--each used to explain young people's choices and aspirations. We make the case that integrating…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Social Capital, Educational Sociology, Educational Philosophy
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Bausell, Sarah Byrne; Staton, Torri A.; Hughes, Sherick – American Educational Research Journal, 2020
This article documents collective memories of the founding, curriculum, and attendees of one of the first (1866) Reconstruction Era Quaker-Freedmen School sites in the Southeastern United States. It applies critical oral history methodology including the collection of primary documents, previous investigations into the school, and interviews of…
Descriptors: Educational History, Race, African American Education, United States History
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Quintana, Rafael; Correnti, Richard – American Educational Research Journal, 2020
Most of the literature on the development of educational inequality has operated under the achievement gaps paradigm, often assuming that the underlying normative and methodological foundations related to equality and justice in education are a settled matter. In this article, we argue that important normative dimensions are overlooked with…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Educational Mobility, Achievement Gap, Educational Policy
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Jabbar, Huriya; Cannata, Marisa; Germain, Emily; Castro, Andrene – American Educational Research Journal, 2020
Teacher labor markets are evolving across the United States. The rise of charter schools, alternative teacher certification, and portfolio districts are transforming teachers' access to employment, changing the way they search for and apply for jobs, and may also change the role that social networks play in the job search. However, we know little…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Secondary School Teachers, Labor Market, Social Networks
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Pazey, Barbara L. – American Educational Research Journal, 2020
This article provides an account of the ways in which students and adult supporters of an urban turnaround high school mobilized to defy the rhetoric of neoliberal reforms and the subsequent deficit narrative imposed on them and on their school. Their counternarratives refute the master narratives advanced by federal and state educational reforms.…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Neoliberalism, Educational Change, Urban Schools
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Estrada, Peggy; Wang, Haiwen; Farkas, Timea – American Educational Research Journal, 2020
Using mixed methods, we investigated (a) the association of the extent of English learner (EL) classroom-level segregation (proportion EL) and number of EL English proficiency levels with elementary EL academic achievement, using 2 years of administrative data, and (b) school staff--reported opportunity to learn-related advantages and…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Language Proficiency, English Language Learners, Elementary School Students
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Goodwin, Amanda P.; Cho, Sun-Joo; Reynolds, Dan; Brady, Katherine; Salas, Jorge – American Educational Research Journal, 2020
This study explores digital and paper reading processes and outcomes for 371 fifth to eighth graders completing a reading task similar to standardized testing. Results showed students highlighted and annotated more when reading the paper versus digital text. Also, reading on paper versus digitally was slightly supportive of reading comprehension…
Descriptors: Reading Processes, Printed Materials, Electronic Learning, Correlation
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Parks, Amy Noelle – American Educational Research Journal, 2020
Drawing on a 3-year interpretive study that followed a cohort of children from prekindergarten to Grade 1, this article presents results of a multiple case study, which demonstrated that although two children had the same teachers, classmates, and curricula over 3 years, their experiences in the three successive mathematics classrooms were quite…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Preschool Education, Kindergarten, Grade 1
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Johnson, Angela – American Educational Research Journal, 2020
Prior research shows that English learners (ELs) lag behind their peers in academic achievement and education attainment. The persisting gap is partly attributed to ELs' limited exposure to academic content. This article investigates the efficacy of a summer credit recovery program aimed at expanding high school newcomer ELs' access to academic…
Descriptors: Credits, English Language Learners, Program Effectiveness, Immigrants
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Bruno, Paul; Rabovsky, Sarah J.; Strunk, Katharine O. – American Educational Research Journal, 2020
Novice teachers' professional contexts may have important implications for their effectiveness, development, and retention. However, due to data limitations, descriptions of these contexts are often unidimensional or vague. Using 10 years of administrative data from the Los Angeles Unified School District, we describe patterns of new teacher…
Descriptors: Teacher Distribution, Teacher Placement, Beginning Teachers, Classroom Environment
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