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Prins, Esther; Toso, Blaire Willson – American Educational Research Journal, 2008
The Parent Education Profile (PEP) is an instrument used by family literacy programs to rate parents' support for children's literacy development. This article uses Critical Discourse Analysis to examine how the PEP constructs the ideal parent, the text's underlying assumptions about parenting and education, and its ideological effects. The…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Parent Participation, Parent Education, Child Rearing
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Grossman, Pam; McDonald, Morva – American Educational Research Journal, 2008
In this article, the authors examine two distinct but closely related fields, research on teaching and research on teacher education. Despite its roots in research on teaching, research in teacher education has developed in isolation both from mainstream research on teaching and from research on higher education and professional education. A…
Descriptors: Teacher Education, Educational Research, Research, Teaching (Occupation)
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Peterson, Penelope L.; And Others – American Educational Research Journal, 1984
This study of two fifth grade classes investigated students' reports of attention, understanding, cognitive processes and affect during a nine-day mathematics unit on measurement. These self-reports appeared more valid indicators of classroom learning than observed time on task. Student affect mediated the relationship between instructional…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Affective Measures, Attention, Classroom Observation Techniques
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Stake, Jayne E. – American Educational Research Journal, 1984
Changes in six measures of achievement-related motivation and confidence were tested in a longitudinal study of 138 women and 96 men during their first year at a midwestern university. Findings suggest that, for these measures, assimilation into the campus environment had a positive effect on men but not on women. (Author/BS)
Descriptors: Academic Advising, Careers, College Environment, College Freshmen
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Frank, Bernard M. – American Educational Research Journal, 1984
Fifty-two field-dependent and 52 field-independent female undergraduates were studied under four study technique conditions using a taped lecture. Analyses of test performance and notes taken by students revealed a significant interaction of cognitive style and study technique. Performance differences and relevance for future notetaking research…
Descriptors: Females, Field Dependence Independence, Higher Education, Learning Processes
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Mosenthal, Peter – American Educational Research Journal, 1984
In this study of 40 fourth graders and two teachers, the influence teacher ideological differences have on how children learn to write during classroom lessons was investigated. Analysis of narrative compositions based on a picture sequence revealed significant differences between student compositions for an academic teacher and a…
Descriptors: Baseball, Classroom Environment, Cognitive Development, Grade 4
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Pellegrini, A. D. – American Educational Research Journal, 1984
This study examined the effectiveness of elements by the thematic-fantasy play training paradigm in facilitating story recall of 192 disadvantaged kindergartners and first graders. Results include: adult tuition did not facilitate story recall; and fantasy enactment affected immediate but not maintained story recall. (BS)
Descriptors: Conflict Resolution, Disadvantaged Youth, Dramatic Play, Multivariate Analysis
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Rowan, Brian; Denk, Charles E. – American Educational Research Journal, 1984
This study assessed the effects of a change in principals (management succession) on school level basic skills achievement using longitudinal data on 149 San Francisco Bay Area Schools. The findings indicate that changes can affect school achievement, but that leadership effects develop slowly and are conditioned by a schools' socioeconomic…
Descriptors: Achievement Gains, Administrative Change, Elementary Secondary Education, Leadership
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Coladarci, Theodore; Gage, N. L. – American Educational Research Journal, 1984
This minimal intervention experiment was carried out in the fourth-, fifth-, and sixth-grade classrooms of 32 volunteer teachers. Six training packets were mailed to teachers and minimal before and after training classroom observations were conducted. Analysis showed no significant changes in teaching practices or student achievement. (BS)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Gains, Classroom Observation Techniques, Classroom Research
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Sassenrath, Julius; And Others – American Educational Research Journal, 1984
Based on data gathered during their public elementary school education, two groups of 49 students in private and public schools were matched on age, ethnicity, gender, socioeconomic status and IQ. Their achievement test scores as high school seniors do not support the claim that private schools necessarily effect higher achievement. (BS)
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Academic Achievement, Elementary Secondary Education, Family Characteristics
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Natriello, Gary – American Educational Research Journal, 1984
Drawing on the evaluation and authority theories of Dornbusch and Scott, this paper examines the relationship between teacher perceptions of the frequency of evaluation activity and their assessments of their effort and effectiveness. Urban, middle school teachers were surveyed. Findings included a positive relationship between evaluation…
Descriptors: Attitude Measures, Elementary Education, Evaluation Methods, Individual Power
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Austin, Ann M. Berghout; Draper, Dianne C. – American Educational Research Journal, 1984
This study investigated the relationship of academic achievement of categories of social status (popular, rejected, isolated, and amiable), peer acceptance and social impacts among 145 elementary school children. Academically able students were more often considered amiable or popular, while the below average achievers were more often rejected.
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Peer Acceptance
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Sanders, Jimy M. – American Educational Research Journal, 1984
In the largest district initially placed under court-ordered faculty desegregation. The influences of teacher turnover, experience, and racial isolation on elementary school student achievement in predominantly minority schools were examined. Findings suggest that poorly planned desegregation policies can have undesirable consequences, especially…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Black Students, Desegregation Effects, Desegregation Methods
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Gettinger, Maribeth – American Educational Research Journal, 1984
The causal effects of time spent in learning (TSL) and time needed for learning (TTL) on the reading and spelling achievement of 171 fourth and fifth grade students were investigated. TTL contributed significantly to achievement, and its direct effect was greater than TSL. Results also support a Carroll's learning model. (Author/BS)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Tests, Criterion Referenced Tests, Intermediate Grades
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Veldman, Donald J.; Sanford, Julie P. – American Educational Research Journal, 1984
Data from 136 junior high school classes were analyzed to investigate how student behavior, student achievement, and teacher behavior all related to student ability levels in class composition. Both higher ability students and lower ability students achieved better in higher ability classes. Class composition had more impact on lower ability…
Descriptors: Ability Grouping, Academic Ability, Academic Achievement, Aptitude Treatment Interaction
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