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Burt, Brian A.; Williams, Krystal L.; Palmer, Gordon J. M. – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Black men, underrepresented in engineering, constitute a missing segment of the population who could contribute to the global knowledge economy. To address this national concern, stakeholders need additional research on strategies that aid in Black men's persistence. This study explores the experiences of 30 Black men in engineering graduate…
Descriptors: Engineering Education, African American Students, Academic Persistence, Graduate Students
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Perna, Laura W.; Orosz, Kata; Kent, Daniel C. – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
This study uses critical discourse analysis to explain how legislators determine the role and contributions of academic researchers in Congressional legislative hearings. The discursive practices that legislators use serve to construct the social identity of academic witnesses, characterize witnesses' qualifications, solicit information from…
Descriptors: Hearings, Federal Government, Legislators, Power Structure
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Clay, Kevin L. – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Through sustained ethnographic field work that inquired into youth participatory action researchers' political identity development, I identified a politicized discourse engaged by youth during their early stages of action research that I have termed Black resilience neoliberalism (BRN). This study explicates BRN theory, tracing its connection to…
Descriptors: Resilience (Psychology), African American Students, Neoliberalism, Race
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Redding, Christopher; Henry, Gary T. – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Most prior research measures teacher turnover as an annual event, but teachers actually leave their positions throughout the school year. We use data from North Carolina to measure teacher turnover monthly throughout the entire year and conduct an analysis of their persistence to examine the differences in early career teacher turnover. Annually,…
Descriptors: Beginning Teachers, Faculty Mobility, Teacher Persistence, Teacher Characteristics
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Stewart, Dafina-Lazarus – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
In this study, I investigated how student publications portrayed whiteness as the dominant feature of the campus environment between 1945 and 1965 among the member institutions of a consortium of elite U.S. Midwestern liberal arts colleges located in rural and industrial towns across Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and western Pennsylvania. These…
Descriptors: Student Publications, College Students, Whites, Memory
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Sablan, Jenna R. – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Critical race theory (CRT) has been used in educational literature to emphasize the influence of racism on educational opportunity and the assets of students of color. Quantitative methods appear antithetical to CRT tenets according to some, but this article endeavors to show why this is not the case, based on both historical and contemporary…
Descriptors: Critical Theory, Race, Statistical Analysis, Educational Research
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Duncheon, Julia C.; Relles, Stefani R. – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Social capital research has demonstrated the value of relationships and networks to enhance college opportunity for first-generation students. While most work has focused on individual students and their ties, high schools play a critical role in social capital processes by connecting students to external college access organizations and…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, High Schools, School Role, First Generation College Students
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Morel, Richard Paquin; Coburn, Cynthia – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Professional development [PD] providers can shape how teachers understand and implement new policies. Yet we have a limited understanding of how providers develop the ideas they promote. We explore this by examining social capital among mathematics PD providers. Using social network and interview data, we identified providers in brokerage…
Descriptors: Facilitators (Individuals), Social Capital, Faculty Development, Mathematics Teachers
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Burt, Brian A. – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
This article advances the Theoretical Model of Engineering Professorial Intentions to explain why individuals do or do not choose to pursue faculty careers. A 13-month ethnographic study of members of a diverse chemical engineering research group was conducted. The resulting theoretical model accounts for six emergent components that contribute to…
Descriptors: Engineering Education, College Faculty, Intention, Career Choice
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Alvear, Sandra A. – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
The current study analyzes the relationship between elementary school reading achievement and participation in the following language acquisition programs--transitional bilingual, developmental, two-way bilingual immersion, and English immersion. With a focus on the achievement of Spanish-dominant English learners, the study uses multilevel models…
Descriptors: Educational Benefits, Bilingual Education, Urban Schools, School Districts
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Williams, Krystal L.; Burt, Brian A.; Clay, Kevin L.; Bridges, Brian K. – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Although there is empirical evidence concerning the value of historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs), broader narratives about these institutions too often overemphasize challenges and depict them from a deficit perspective. We argue that such depictions elide the benefits of HBCUs within the higher education landscape and are rooted…
Descriptors: Story Telling, Black Colleges, Personal Narratives, Race
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Dunn, Alyssa Hadley; Sondel, Beth; Baggett, Hannah Carson – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Guided by perspectives on the sociopolitical contexts of schooling, control of teachers' curriculum and instruction, and teaching of elections, we use findings from a national questionnaire to explore the contexts that shaped teachers' pedagogical decision making following the 2016 U.S. presidential election. Our findings reveal that classroom,…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Presidents, Elections, Decision Making
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Xu, Di – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Understanding the relative impacts of part-time adjuncts in community colleges is highly policy-relevant, partly because community colleges rely on part-time faculty heavily and partly because community colleges assume a critical role in addressing the national equity agenda by disproportionately serving underrepresented groups. This study uses…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, College Faculty, Adjunct Faculty, Part Time Faculty
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Grissom, Jason A.; Bartanen, Brendan – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Studies link principal effectiveness to lower average rates of teacher turnover. However, principals need not target retention efforts equally to all teachers. Instead, strong principals may seek to strategically influence the composition of their school's teaching force by retaining high performers and not retaining lower performers. We…
Descriptors: Principals, Administrator Effectiveness, Labor Turnover, Teacher Persistence
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Winkle-Wagner, Rachelle; Kelly, Bridget Turner; Luedke, Courtney L.; Reavis, Tangela Blakely – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
Through analyzing critical life stories with Black alumnae from predominantly White institutions, this article offers a narrative, in-depth approach to explore the ways in which alumnae managed and resisted expectations and stereotypes that were placed upon them by peers, faculty, and staff during college. Findings suggested that participants…
Descriptors: African American Students, Females, College Students, Expectation
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