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Goldhaber, Dan; Quince, Vanessa; Theobald, Roddy – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
There is mounting evidence of substantial "teacher quality gaps" (TQGs) between advantaged and disadvantaged students but practically no empirical evidence about their history. We use longitudinal data on public school students, teachers, and schools from two states--North Carolina and Washington--to provide a descriptive history of the…
Descriptors: Teacher Qualifications, Teacher Effectiveness, Educational History, Educational Change
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Han, Seong Won; Borgonovi, Francesca; Guerriero, Sonia – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
This study examines between-country differences in the degree to which teachers' working conditions, salaries, and societal evaluations about desirable job characteristics are associated with students' teaching career expectations. Three-level hierarchical generalized linear models are employed to analyze cross-national data from the Programme for…
Descriptors: High School Students, Teaching (Occupation), Vocational Interests, Career Choice
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Snell, Julia; Lefstein, Adam – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
Teachers are increasingly called on to use dialogic teaching practices to engage active pupil participation in academically challenging classroom discourse. Such practices are in tension with commonly held beliefs about pupil ability as fixed and/or context independent. Moreover, teaching practices that seek to make pupil thinking visible can also…
Descriptors: Dialogs (Language), Self Concept, Ethnography, Case Studies
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Valentino, Rachel – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
Publicly funded pre-K is often touted as a means to narrow achievement gaps, but this goal is less likely to be achieved if poor and/or minority children do not, at a minimum, attend equal quality pre-K as their non-poor, non-minority peers. In this paper, I find large "quality gaps" in public pre-K between poor, minority students and…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Achievement Gap, Educational Quality, Disadvantaged
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Babinski, Leslie M.; Amendum, Steven J.; Knotek, Steven E.; Sánchez, Marta; Malone, Patrick – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
Using a randomized controlled trial, we tested a new teacher professional development program for increasing the language and literacy skills of young Latino English learners with 45 teachers and 105 students in 12 elementary schools. School-based teams randomly assigned to the intervention received professional development focused on cultural…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Hispanic American Students, Second Language Instruction, English Language Learners
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Hillman, Nicholas W.; Hicklin Fryar, Alisa; Crespín-Trujillo, Valerie – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
Today, 35 states use performance-based funding models tying appropriations directly to educational outcomes. Financial incentives should induce colleges to improve performance, but there are several well-documented reasons why this is unlikely to occur. We examine how two of the most robust performance funding states--Tennessee and Ohio--responded…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Educational Finance, Educational Policy, Incentives
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Markowitz, Anna J. – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
After the adoption of No Child Left Behind (NCLB), a host of anecdotal evidence suggested that NCLB diminished students' school engagement--a multidimensional construct that describes students' active involvement and commitment to school and encompasses students' thoughts, behaviors, and feelings about school. Using data from repeated…
Descriptors: Learner Engagement, Accountability, Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation
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Siegel-Hawley, Genevieve; Diem, Sarah; Frankenberg, Erica – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
In this qualitative case study, we explore the political impulses behind suburban secession from the 2013 Memphis-Shelby County merger, the largest school district consolidation in recent history. Decades removed from the Civil Rights Movement, during a period of stark inequality, colorblind law and policymaking, and a diminished understanding of…
Descriptors: School Districts, Case Studies, Qualitative Research, Suburban Schools
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Kirchgasler, Christopher – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
The educability of personal qualities has garnered attention for its potential to raise student achievement. This investigation asks how one such quality--grit--has become a commonsensical way to think about differences among students. As a history of the present, grit is approached as a cultural thesis that links individualism to narratives of…
Descriptors: Persistence, Critical Theory, Discourse Analysis, Educational Change
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Calabrese Barton, Angela; Tan, Edna – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
The maker movement has evoked interest for its role in breaking down barriers to STEM learning. However, few empirical studies document how youth are supported over time in STEM-rich making projects or their outcomes. This longitudinal critical ethnographic study traces the development of 41 youth maker projects in two community-centered making…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Longitudinal Studies, Ethnography, Entrepreneurship
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Solanki, Sabrina M.; Xu, Di – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
Recruiting more female faculty has been suggested as a policy option for addressing gender disparities in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields given its ability to engage female students through a role model effect. While a small but growing body of literature has examined the role of instructor gender at the higher…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Student Motivation, STEM Education, Gender Differences
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Parker, Philip D.; Marsh, Herbert W.; Jerrim, John P.; Guo, Jiesi; Dicke, Theresa – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
Research suggests that a country does not need inequity to have high performance. However, such research has potentially suffered from confounders present in between-country comparative research (e.g., latent cultural differences). Likewise, relatively little consideration has been given to whether the situation may be different for high- or…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Educational Quality, Academic Achievement, Achievement Tests
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Potochnick, Stephanie – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
This study provides the first national-level assessment of the size and academic performance of immigrant students with interrupted schooling. Exploiting unique aspects of the Educational Longitudinal Study (2002), a national-level survey of U.S. 10th graders, this study identifies students with interrupted schooling and uses multivariate analysis…
Descriptors: Student Adjustment, Immigrants, Institutional Characteristics, Academic Achievement
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Estrada, Peggy; Wang, Haiwen – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
Employing longitudinal, multisite comparative mixed-methods, we describe patterns of reclassifying and not reclassifying eligible English learner (EL) students to fluent English proficient, and we identify factors impeding and facilitating reclassification. Analyses of administrative data for 7 cohorts of students over 3 years in one district and…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Classification, Criteria, Longitudinal Studies
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Marsh, Julie A.; Hall, Michelle – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
This article seeks to deepen our understanding of the nature and quality of democratic participation in educational reform by examining the first-year implementation of California's Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF) mandating civic engagement in district decision-making. Drawing on democratic theory, empirical literature, and data from 10…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Democracy, Democratic Values, Public Administration
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