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Goldhaber, Dan; Quince, Vanessa; Theobald, Roddy – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
There is mounting evidence of substantial "teacher quality gaps" (TQGs) between advantaged and disadvantaged students but practically no empirical evidence about their history. We use longitudinal data on public school students, teachers, and schools from two states--North Carolina and Washington--to provide a descriptive history of the…
Descriptors: Teacher Qualifications, Teacher Effectiveness, Educational History, Educational Change
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Han, Seong Won; Borgonovi, Francesca; Guerriero, Sonia – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
This study examines between-country differences in the degree to which teachers' working conditions, salaries, and societal evaluations about desirable job characteristics are associated with students' teaching career expectations. Three-level hierarchical generalized linear models are employed to analyze cross-national data from the Programme for…
Descriptors: High School Students, Teaching (Occupation), Vocational Interests, Career Choice
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Snell, Julia; Lefstein, Adam – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
Teachers are increasingly called on to use dialogic teaching practices to engage active pupil participation in academically challenging classroom discourse. Such practices are in tension with commonly held beliefs about pupil ability as fixed and/or context independent. Moreover, teaching practices that seek to make pupil thinking visible can also…
Descriptors: Dialogs (Language), Self Concept, Ethnography, Case Studies
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Valentino, Rachel – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
Publicly funded pre-K is often touted as a means to narrow achievement gaps, but this goal is less likely to be achieved if poor and/or minority children do not, at a minimum, attend equal quality pre-K as their non-poor, non-minority peers. In this paper, I find large "quality gaps" in public pre-K between poor, minority students and…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Achievement Gap, Educational Quality, Disadvantaged
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Babinski, Leslie M.; Amendum, Steven J.; Knotek, Steven E.; Sánchez, Marta; Malone, Patrick – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
Using a randomized controlled trial, we tested a new teacher professional development program for increasing the language and literacy skills of young Latino English learners with 45 teachers and 105 students in 12 elementary schools. School-based teams randomly assigned to the intervention received professional development focused on cultural…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Hispanic American Students, Second Language Instruction, English Language Learners
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Hillman, Nicholas W.; Hicklin Fryar, Alisa; Crespín-Trujillo, Valerie – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
Today, 35 states use performance-based funding models tying appropriations directly to educational outcomes. Financial incentives should induce colleges to improve performance, but there are several well-documented reasons why this is unlikely to occur. We examine how two of the most robust performance funding states--Tennessee and Ohio--responded…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Educational Finance, Educational Policy, Incentives
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Estrada, Peggy; Wang, Haiwen – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
Employing longitudinal, multisite comparative mixed-methods, we describe patterns of reclassifying and not reclassifying eligible English learner (EL) students to fluent English proficient, and we identify factors impeding and facilitating reclassification. Analyses of administrative data for 7 cohorts of students over 3 years in one district and…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Classification, Criteria, Longitudinal Studies
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Marsh, Julie A.; Hall, Michelle – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
This article seeks to deepen our understanding of the nature and quality of democratic participation in educational reform by examining the first-year implementation of California's Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF) mandating civic engagement in district decision-making. Drawing on democratic theory, empirical literature, and data from 10…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Democracy, Democratic Values, Public Administration
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Yarnell, Lisa M.; Bohrnstedt, George W. – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
This study examines student-teacher "racial match" for its association with Black student achievement. Multilevel structural equation modeling was used to analyze 2013 National Assessment for Educational Progress (NAEP) Grade 4 Reading Assessment data to examine interactions of teacher race and student race in their associations with…
Descriptors: Hierarchical Linear Modeling, African American Students, Hispanic American Students, Educational Policy
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Gottfried, Michael A.; Plasman, Jay Stratte – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
While prior studies have examined the efficacy of career and technical education (CTE) courses on high school students' outcomes, there is little knowledge on timing of these courses and a potential link to student outcomes. We asked if the timing of these courses predicted differences in the likelihood of dropout and on-time high school…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Dropouts, College Bound Students, High School Students
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Walkington, Candace; Clinton, Virginia; Shivraj, Pooja – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
The link between reading and mathematics achievement is well known, and an important question is whether readability factors in mathematics problems are differentially impacting student groups. Using 20 years of data from the National Assessment of Educational Progress and the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study, we examine how…
Descriptors: Readability, Word Problems (Mathematics), Mathematics Instruction, Problem Solving
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Ganley, Colleen M.; George, Casey E.; Cimpian, Joseph R.; Makowski, Martha B. – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
Women are underrepresented in many science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) majors and in some non-STEM majors (e.g., philosophy). Combining newly gathered data on students' perceptions of college major traits with data from the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:2002), we find that perceived gender bias against women…
Descriptors: Majors (Students), Gender Differences, Sex Fairness, Females
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Portes, Pedro R.; González Canché, Manuel; Boada, Diego; Whatley, Melissa E. – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
This study explores preliminary results from a pedagogical intervention designed to improve instruction for all students, particularly emergent bilinguals in the United States (or English language learners). The study is part of a larger efficacy randomized controlled trial (RCT) of the Instructional Conversation (IC) pedagogy for improving the…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Culturally Relevant Education, Outcomes of Education, Intervention
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Spillane, James P.; Hopkins, Megan; Sweet, Tracy M. – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
While current reform efforts press for ambitious changes to teachers' instructional practice, teachers' instructional beliefs are also consequential in such efforts as beliefs shape teachers' instructional practice and their responses to instructional reforms. This article examines the relationship between teachers' instructional ties and their…
Descriptors: School Districts, Educational Facilities, Interaction, Beliefs
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McKeown, Margaret G.; Crosson, Amy C.; Moore, Debra W.; Beck, Isabel L. – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
This article presents findings from an intervention across sixth and seventh grades to teach academic words to middle school students. The goals included investigating a progression of outcomes from word knowledge to comprehension and investigating the processes students use in establishing word meaning. Participants in Year 1 were two sixth-grade…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Reading Comprehension, Intervention, Middle School Students
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