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Watras, Joseph – American Educational History Journal, 2012
Writing in 1962, Phillippe Aries argued that an initial step in the movement to establish schools for children in Europe took place during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries when moralists and artists began portraying children as different from adults. According to Aries, the portrayal of childhood as a unique period enabled the family and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Children, Role, Attitudes
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Clark, Daniel – American Educational History Journal, 2010
Historians of American education readily acknowledge that in the mid-19th century the German university and academic ideal rose in prominence among American academicians, who then worked diligently to replicate the German university model in the United States. During this same time, however, many more Americans were exposed to a different…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Mass Media Role, Success