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Baker, Bruce D.; Di Carlo, Matthew; Weber, Mark – Albert Shanker Institute, 2020
When it comes to American education, few policy areas are as misunderstood -- or as crucial -- as school finance. Over the past several years, a political and empirical consensus has emerged about the importance of equitable and adequate school funding for high quality K-12 education. In other words, the evidence is clear that money does, indeed,…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Educational Equity (Finance), Elementary Secondary Education, Resource Allocation
Baker, Bruce D.; Di Carlo, Matthew – Albert Shanker Institute, 2020
The most terrible and lasting effects of the coronavirus pandemic will of course be measured in loss of life. But a parallel tragedy will also be unfolding in the coming months and years, this one affecting those at the beginning of their lives: an unprecedented school funding crisis that threatens to disadvantage a generation of children. School…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Finance, Economic Impact, Educational History
Baker, Bruce D.; Di Carlo, Matthew; Weber, Mark – Albert Shanker Institute, 2019
When it comes to American education, few policy areas are as misunderstood -- or as crucial -- as school finance. Over the past several years, a political and empirical consensus has emerged about the importance of equitable and adequate school funding for high-quality K-12 education. Certainly, there are plenty of contentious debates about how…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Elementary Secondary Education, Resource Allocation, Poverty
Di Carlo, Matthew; Jama, Bilan – Albert Shanker Institute, 2019
In this research brief, we describe and decompose school segregation by race and ethnicity in the Washington, D.C., metropolitan area, in which we include: the District of Columbia; Alexandria, Arlington, and Fairfax County in Virginia; and Montgomery County and Prince George's County in Maryland. We find only modest segregation within all but one…
Descriptors: School Segregation, Racial Segregation, Minority Group Students, Ethnicity
Di Carlo, Matthew; Cervantes, Klarissa – Albert Shanker Institute, 2018
Despite increasing attention being focused on the importance of teacher diversity in recent years, the federal government does not centrally collect district- or school-level data on teacher race and ethnicity. This means that responsibility for the collection and promulgation of teacher diversity data falls to individual states and/or districts.…
Descriptors: Diversity (Faculty), Teacher Characteristics, Race, Ethnicity
Di Carlo, Matthew; Wysienska-Di Carlo, Kinga – Albert Shanker Institute, 2017
The purpose of this research brief is to describe racial and ethnic school segregation in the District of Columbia, within and between the private and public sectors (including charter schools). Using different measures, we find, unsurprisingly, a high degree of segregation within both sectors. Total segregation among private schools is driven…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Private Schools, School Segregation, Urban Schools
Baker, Bruce D. – Albert Shanker Institute, 2016
This second edition policy brief revisits the long and storied literature on whether money matters in providing a quality education. It includes research released since the original brief in 2012 and covers a handful of additional topics. Increasingly, political rhetoric adheres to the unfounded certainty that money does not make a difference in…
Descriptors: State Schools, Educational Finance, Educational Quality, Educational Policy
Baker, Bruce D.; Weber, Mark – Albert Shanker Institute, 2016
In this paper, the authors begin by classifying the arguments that assert American schools are relatively inefficient into two categories: the "long-term trend argument" and the "international comparison argument." Their focus herein is on the latter of these two. They then describe two frameworks for approaching either of…
Descriptors: Public Education, Public Schools, Misconceptions, Efficiency
Di Carlo, Matthew – Albert Shanker Institute, 2015
During the late 1990s and 2000s, the State of Florida enacted a set of education reforms spearheaded by Governor Jeb Bush. These policies, which emphasize test-based accountability, competition, and choice, have since become known as the "Florida Formula for education success," or, simply, the "Florida Formula." In recent…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Accountability, Program Implementation, Educational Objectives
Albert Shanker Institute, 2015
More than 60 years after the ruling in "Brown v. Board of Education" was handed down, its promise remains unfulfilled. In many respects, America's public schools continue to be "separate and unequal." Indeed, the growing re-segregation of American schools by race and ethnicity, compounded by economic class segregation, has…
Descriptors: Diversity (Faculty), Minority Group Teachers, Teacher Shortage, Urban Areas
Neuman, Susan B. – Albert Shanker Institute, 2014
The Preschool Educational Environment Rating System (PEERS) is a measure designed to examine the quality of instruction in preschool settings. Unlike other rating scales, it not only measures the environment, it also examines both how teachers construct their classroom for instruction and the quality of the enactment of instruction. Designed on…
Descriptors: Rating Scales, Educational Quality, Preschool Education, Educational Environment
Chenoweth, Eric – Albert Shanker Institute, 2013
Albert Shanker (1928-1997) is known mainly for his successful struggle to obtain collective bargaining for teachers, his leadership of teacher unions, and his championship of education reform. Shanker built large and powerful city, state, and national unions of teachers and other public employees that still stand as models both for union democracy…
Descriptors: Unions, Educational Change, Public Education, Collective Bargaining
Baker, Bruce D. – Albert Shanker Institute, 2012
This policy brief revisits the long and storied literature on whether money matters in providing a quality education. Increasingly, political rhetoric adheres to the unfounded certainty that money doesn't make a difference in education, and that reduced funding is unlikely to harm educational quality. Such proclamations have even been used to…
Descriptors: State Schools, Educational Finance, Educational Quality, Educational Policy
Di Carlo, Matthew – Albert Shanker Institute, 2011
The public debate about the success and expansion of charter schools often seems to gravitate toward a tiny handful of empirical studies, when there is, in fact, a relatively well-developed literature focused on whether these schools generate larger testing gains among their students relative to their counterparts in comparable regular public…
Descriptors: Evidence, Charter Schools, Testing, Educational Policy
Cole, Paul F.; Megivern, Lori; Hilgert, Jeff – Albert Shanker Institute, 2011
Imagine opening a high school U.S. history textbook and finding no mention of--or at most a passing sentence about--Valley Forge, the Missouri Compromise, or the League of Nations. Imagine not finding a word about Benjamin Franklin, Lewis and Clark, Sitting Bull, Andrew Carnegie, or Rosa Parks. Imagine if these key events and people just…
Descriptors: Labor, United States History, High Schools, Textbooks
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