ERIC Number: EJ1217757
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Using Stereoscopic Visualizations as Templates to Construct a Spatial Hands-On Representation--Is There a Novelty Effect?
Remmele, Martin; Martens, Andreas
Advances in Physiology Education, v43 n1 p93-98 Mar 2019
Sculpting representations of human organs out of modeling clay is an acknowledged method of teaching anatomical structures. Because of its potential to provide detailed spatial information, stereoscopic imagery can be understood to function as a suitable template for such sculpting tasks. Currently, it is unknown whether the advantages of stereoscopic images for modeling structures result from enhanced depth impression alone, or whether task performance is impacted by factors such as situational intrinsic motivation and perceived competence while sculpting a human organ using stereoscopic imagery as template. To clarify these queries, 35 eighth-grade students constructed a representation of the nasal cavity consisting of modeling clay. After the working phase, their situational intrinsic motivation and their perceived competence were assessed by a paper-and-pencil test and then analyzed, as was the elaboration of the sculpted representations. A control group with 38 students working with nonstereoscopic visualizations functioned as a counterpart. Stereoscopic imagery outperformed nonstereoscopic imagery concerning the accuracy in elaborating structures within the representations. However, there was no difference between situational intrinsic motivation and perceived competence in the context of using the digital template for forming the representations. Within the cohort working with nonstereoscopic imagery, situational intrinsic motivation was correlated with task performance. In contrast, within the cohort working with stereoscopic imagery, there was no relation concerning this. The findings show that depth impression due to stereoscopic imagery can be utilized to construct template-close representations, independently of situational feelings. This independence from situational sensitivities indicates that low situational intrinsic motivation will not condemn students to poor task performance.
Descriptors: Visualization, Spatial Ability, Hands on Science, Science Education, Electronic Learning, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Sculpture, Models, Manipulative Materials, Grade 8, Foreign Countries, Imagery, Anatomy, Motivation, Human Body, Visual Perception
American Physiological Society. 9650 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20814-3991. Tel: 301-634-7164; Fax: 301-634-7241; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: https://www.physiology.org/journal/advances
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 8; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany