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Driessen, Erik – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
While portfolios have seen an unprecedented surge in popularity, they have also become the subject of controversy: learners often perceive little gain from writing reflections as part of their portfolios; scholars question the ethics of such obligatory reflection; and students, residents, teachers and scholars alike condemn the bureaucracy…
Descriptors: Portfolios (Background Materials), Competency Based Education, Resistance (Psychology), Ethics
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Channon, S. B.; Davis, R. C.; Goode, N. T.; May, S. A. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
Group work forms the foundation for much of student learning within higher education, and has many educational, social and professional benefits. This study aimed to explore the determinants of success or failure for undergraduate student teams and to define a "good group" through considering three aspects of group success: the task, the…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Undergraduate Students, Group Activities, Mixed Methods Research
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de Visser, Marieke; Fluit, Cornelia; Fransen, Jaap; Latijnhouwers, Mieke; Cohen-Schotanus, Janke; Laan, Roland – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
In the Netherlands, students are admitted to medical school through (1) selection, (2) direct access by high pre-university Grade Point Average (pu-GPA), (3) lottery after being rejected in the selection procedure, or (4) lottery. At Radboud University Medical Center, 2010 was the first year we selected applicants. We designed a procedure based on…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Medical Schools, College Admission, Selective Admission
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Farrell, Laura; Bourgeois-Law, Gisele; Ajjawi, Rola; Regehr, Glenn – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
Supervision in the outpatient context is increasingly in the form of single day interactions between students and preceptors. This creates difficulties for effective feedback, which often depends on a strong relationship of trust between preceptor and student. Building on feedback theories focusing on the relational and dialogic aspects of…
Descriptors: Goal Orientation, Feedback (Response), Ethnography, Practicum Supervision
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Krupat, Edward; Camargo, Carlos A., Jr.; Strewler, Gordon J.; Espinola, Janice A.; Fleenor, Thomas J., Jr.; Dienstag, Jules L. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
Relatively little is known regarding factors associated with the choice of a research career among practicing physicians, and most investigations of this issue have been conducted in the absence of a theoretical/conceptual model. Therefore we designed a survey to identify the determinants of decisions to pursue a biomedical research career based…
Descriptors: Physicians, Medical Research, Career Choice, Biomedicine
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Bajwa, Nadia M.; Yudkowsky, Rachel; Belli, Dominique; Vu, Nu Viet; Park, Yoon Soo – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
The purpose of this study was to provide validity and feasibility evidence in measuring professionalism using the Professionalism Mini-Evaluation Exercise (P-MEX) scores as part of a residency admissions process. In 2012 and 2013, three standardized-patient-based P-MEX encounters were administered to applicants invited for an interview at the…
Descriptors: Graduate Medical Education, College Admission, College Entrance Examinations, Validity
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Berkhout, Joris J.; Teunissen, Pim W.; Helmich, Esther; van Exel, Job; van der Vleuten, Cees P.; Jaarsma, Debbie A. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
Students feel insufficiently supported in clinical environments to engage in active learning and achieve a high level of self-regulation. As a result clinical learning is highly demanding for students. Because of large differences between students, supervisors may not know how to support them in their learning process. We explored patterns in…
Descriptors: Q Methodology, Learning Strategies, Undergraduate Students, Medical Students
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Elsey, Christopher; Challinor, Alexander; Monrouxe, Lynn V. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
Bedside teaching encounters (BTEs) involve doctor-patient-student interactions, providing opportunities for students to learn with, from and about patients. How the differing concerns of patient care and student education are balanced in situ remains largely unknown and undefined. This video ethnographic study explores "patient…
Descriptors: Clinical Teaching (Health Professions), Patients, Medical Students, Video Technology
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Warmington, Sally; McColl, Geoffrey – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
Professional identity formation is acknowledged as one of the fundamental tasks of contemporary medical education. Identity is a social phenomenon, constructed through participation in everyday activities and an integral part of every learning interaction. In this paper we report from an Australian ethnographic study into how medical students and…
Descriptors: Medical Students, Patients, Student Participation, Professional Identity
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Onyura, Betty; Ng, Stella L.; Baker, Lindsay R.; Lieff, Susan; Millar, Barbara-Ann; Mori, Brenda – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
Demonstrating the impact of faculty development, is an increasingly mandated and ever elusive goal. Questions have been raised about the adequacy of current approaches. Here, we integrate realist and theory-driven evaluation approaches, to evaluate an intensive longitudinal program. Our aim is to elucidate how faculty development can work to…
Descriptors: Faculty Development, Program Effectiveness, Evaluation Methods, Longitudinal Studies
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Harris, Kevin R.; Eccles, David W.; Shatzer, John H. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
A better understanding of the factors influencing medical team performance and accounting for expert medical team performance should benefit medical practice. Therefore, the aim here is to highlight key issues with using deliberate practice to improve medical team performance, especially given the success of deliberate practice for developing…
Descriptors: Teamwork, Medical Services, Medical Education, Coordination
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Lean, Lyn Li; Hong, Ryan Yee Shiun; Ti, Lian Kah – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
Communication of feedback during teaching of practical procedures is a fine balance of structure and timing. We investigate if continuous in-task (IT) or end-task feedback (ET) is more effective in teaching spinal anaesthesia to medical students. End-task feedback was hypothesized to improve both short-term and long-term procedural learning…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Anesthesiology, Retention (Psychology), Training
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Lyons, Kayley; McLaughlin, Jacqueline E.; Khanova, Julia; Roth, Mary T. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
Cognitive apprenticeship theory emphasizes the process of making expert thinking "visible" to students and fostering the cognitive and meta-cognitive processes required for expertise. The purpose of this review was to evaluate the use of cognitive apprenticeship theory with the primary aim of understanding how and to what extent the…
Descriptors: Apprenticeships, Health Sciences, Medical Education, Cognitive Processes
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Cusano, Ronald; Busche, Kevin; Coderre, Sylvain; Woloschuk, Wayne; Chadbolt, Karen; McLaughlin, Kevin – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
Despite the fact that the length of medical school training has remained stable for many years, the expectations of graduating medical students (and the schools that train them) continue to increase. In this "Reflection", the authors discuss motives for educational inflation and suggest that these are likely innocent, well-intentioned,…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Medical Education, Educational Finance, Costs
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Pusic, Martin V.; Boutis, Kathy; Pecaric, Martin R.; Savenkov, Oleksander; Beckstead, Jason W.; Jaber, Mohamad Y. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
Learning curves are a useful way of representing the rate of learning over time. Features include an index of baseline performance (y-intercept), the efficiency of learning over time (slope parameter) and the maximal theoretical performance achievable (upper asymptote). Each of these parameters can be statistically modelled on an individual and…
Descriptors: Statistical Analysis, Models, Regression (Statistics), Medical Education
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