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Versteeg, Marjolein; van Blankenstein, Floris M.; Putter, Hein; Steendijk, Paul – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2019
Comprehension of physiology is essential for development of clinical reasoning. However, medical students often struggle to understand physiological concepts. Interactive learning through Peer instruction (PI) is known to stimulate students' comprehension, but its relative efficacy and working mechanisms remain to be elucidated. In this study, we…
Descriptors: Medical Students, Peer Teaching, Comprehension, Physiology
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Fong, Shannon; Tan, Amy; Czupryn, Joanna; Oswald, Anna – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2019
The use of patient educators is one of many teaching strategies meant to foster principles of patient-centred care. We previously found that early patient educator exposure helped to shape the understanding of patient-centredness in pre-clerkship learners. We now expand on this work to evaluate whether there is persistence of initial perceptions…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Patients, Medical Education, Clinical Experience
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Piumatti, Giovanni; Abbiati, Milena; Baroffio, Anne; Gerbase, Margaret W. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2019
Previous research highlighted associations between students' motivation for medical studies and their learning approaches on the one hand and empathy on the other. Internal motivational factors for studying medicine (e.g., care for patients, save lives) coupled with a deep approach to learning have been positively related to empathy in contrast to…
Descriptors: Correlation, Student Motivation, Cognitive Style, Empathy
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Cook, David A.; Aljamal, Yazan; Pankratz, V. Shane; Sedlack, Robert E.; Farley, David R.; Brydges, Ryan – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2019
Self-regulated learning is optimized when instructional supports are provided. We evaluated three supports for self-regulated simulation-based training: practice schedules, normative comparisons, and learning goals. Participants practiced 5 endoscopy tasks on a physical simulator, then completed 4 repetitions on a virtual reality simulator. Study…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Medical Students, Teaching Methods, Medical Education
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Vereijken, Mayke W. C.; van der Rijst, Roeland M.; van Driel, Jan H.; Dekker, Friedo W. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
Research integrated into undergraduate education is important in order for medical students to understand and value research for later clinical practice. Therefore, attempts are being made to strengthen the integration of research into teaching from the first year onwards. First-year students may interpret attempts made to strengthen research…
Descriptors: Medical Students, Medical Schools, College Freshmen, Student Attitudes
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Rotgans, Jerome I.; Schmidt, Henk G.; Rajalingam, Preman; Hao, Joey Wong Ying; Canning, Claire Ann; Ferenczi, Michael A.; Low-Beer, Naomi – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
The objective of the paper is to report findings of two studies that attempted to find answers to the following questions: (1) What are the levels of cognitive engagement in TBL?; (2) Are there differences between students who were more exposed to TBL than students who were less exposed to TBL?; (3) To which extent does cognitive engagement…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Teaching Methods, Scores, Academic Achievement
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Cheung, Jeffrey J. H.; Kulasegaram, Kulamakan M.; Woods, Nicole N.; Moulton, Carol-anne; Ringsted, Charlotte V.; Brydges, Ryan – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
Transfer is a desired outcome of simulation-based training, yet evidence for how instructional design features promote transfer is lacking. In clinical reasoning, transfer is improved when trainees experience instruction integrating basic science explanations with clinical signs and symptoms. To test whether integrated instruction has similar…
Descriptors: Transfer of Training, Teaching Methods, Rating Scales, Pretests Posttests
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Jaarsma, Thomas; Boshuizen, Henny P. A.; Jarodzka, Halszka; van Merriënboer, Jeroen J. G. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
Visual problem solving is essential to highly visual and knowledge-intensive professional domains such as clinical pathology, which trainees learn by participating in relevant tasks at the workplace (apprenticeship). Proper guidance of the visual problem solving of apprentices by the master is necessary. Interaction and adaptation to the expertise…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Apprenticeships, Teaching Methods, Interaction
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Lean, Lyn Li; Hong, Ryan Yee Shiun; Ti, Lian Kah – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
Communication of feedback during teaching of practical procedures is a fine balance of structure and timing. We investigate if continuous in-task (IT) or end-task feedback (ET) is more effective in teaching spinal anaesthesia to medical students. End-task feedback was hypothesized to improve both short-term and long-term procedural learning…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Anesthesiology, Retention (Psychology), Training
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Lyons, Kayley; McLaughlin, Jacqueline E.; Khanova, Julia; Roth, Mary T. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
Cognitive apprenticeship theory emphasizes the process of making expert thinking "visible" to students and fostering the cognitive and meta-cognitive processes required for expertise. The purpose of this review was to evaluate the use of cognitive apprenticeship theory with the primary aim of understanding how and to what extent the…
Descriptors: Apprenticeships, Health Sciences, Medical Education, Cognitive Processes
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Pusic, Martin V.; Boutis, Kathy; Pecaric, Martin R.; Savenkov, Oleksander; Beckstead, Jason W.; Jaber, Mohamad Y. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
Learning curves are a useful way of representing the rate of learning over time. Features include an index of baseline performance (y-intercept), the efficiency of learning over time (slope parameter) and the maximal theoretical performance achievable (upper asymptote). Each of these parameters can be statistically modelled on an individual and…
Descriptors: Statistical Analysis, Models, Regression (Statistics), Medical Education
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McLean, Michelle – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
Using interpretative phenomenological analysis to make meaning of the experiences of three highly qualified registered nurses who had enrolled in an undergraduate medical programme, this study provides insight into their personal journeys of wanting to become "different" doctors. In so doing, they conceptualised their future selves as…
Descriptors: Nurses, Physicians, Phenomenology, Medical Students
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Lefèvre, Thomas; Gagnayre, Rémi; Gignon, Maxime – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
Simulation in healthcare in an way to train professionals but it is not yet use commonly to train patient or their caregivers. Recently, it has been suggested to extend simulations to patients with chronic conditions. Simulations could help patients and caregivers to acquire psychosocial and self-management skills. This approach proved to be…
Descriptors: Simulation, Chronic Illness, Patient Education, Caregiver Training
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Lisk, Kristina; Agur, Anne M. R.; Woods, Nicole N. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
Several studies have shown that cognitive integration of basic and clinical sciences supports diagnostic reasoning in novices; however, there has been limited exploration of the ways in which educators can translate this model of mental activity into sound instructional strategies. The use of "self-explanation" during learning has the…
Descriptors: Novices, Clinical Experience, Instructional Innovation, Cognitive Processes
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Kalaian, Sema A.; Kasim, Rafa M. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
This study reports the results of a meta-analysis of the available literature on the effectiveness of various forms of innovative small-group learning methods on student achievement in undergraduate college health science classrooms. The results of the analysis revealed that most of the primary studies supported the effectiveness of the…
Descriptors: Meta Analysis, Educational Innovation, Teaching Methods, Small Group Instruction
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