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Showing 31 to 45 of 58 results Save | Export
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Stolper, C. F.; Van de Wiel, M. W. J.; Hendriks, R. H. M.; Van Royen, P.; Van Bokhoven, M. A.; Van der Weijden, T.; Dinant, G. J. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2015
Diagnostic reasoning is considered to be based on the interaction between analytical and non-analytical cognitive processes. Gut feelings, a specific form of non-analytical reasoning, play a substantial role in diagnostic reasoning by general practitioners (GPs) and may activate analytical reasoning. In GP traineeships in the Netherlands, trainees…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Clinical Diagnosis, Medical Students, Graduate Students
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Maloney, Stephen; Moss, Alan; Ilic, Dragan – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2014
Social Networking Sites (SNS) have seen exponential growth in recent years. The high utilisation of SNS by tertiary students makes them an attractive tool for educational institutions. This study aims to identify health professional students' use and behaviours with SNS, including students' perspectives on potential applications within…
Descriptors: Social Networks, Electronic Learning, Technology Uses in Education, Health Education
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Costa, Patrício; Magalhães, Eunice; Costa, Manuel João – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2013
Empathy is a relevant attribute in the context of patient care. However, a decline in empathy throughout medical education has been reported in North-American medical schools, particularly, in the transition to clinical training. The present study aims to longitudinally model empathy during medical school at three time points: at the entrance,…
Descriptors: Medical Students, Medical Education, Empathy, Models
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Tractenberg, Rochelle E.; Gushta, Matthew M.; Mulroney, Susan E.; Weissinger, Peggy A. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2013
Multiple choice (MC) questions from a graduate physiology course were evaluated by cognitive-psychology (but not physiology) experts, and analyzed statistically, in order to test the independence of content expertise and cognitive complexity ratings of MC items. Integration of higher order thinking into MC exams is important, but widely known to…
Descriptors: Multiple Choice Tests, Critical Thinking, Graduate Study, Physiology
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Kreiter, Clarence D.; Green, Joseph; Lenoch, Susan; Saiki, Takuya – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2013
Given medical education's longstanding emphasis on assessment, it seems prudent to evaluate whether our current research and development focus on testing makes sense. Since any intervention within medical education must ultimately be evaluated based upon its impact on student learning, this report seeks to provide a quantitative accounting of…
Descriptors: Medical Education, Medical Students, Statistical Analysis, Testing
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Mattick, Karen; Barnes, Rebecca; Dieppe, Paul – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2013
Previous debate has explored whether medical education research should become more like health services research in terms of frameworks, collaborations and methodologies. Notable recent changes in health services research include an increasing emphasis on complex interventions, defined as interventions that involve more than one component. The…
Descriptors: Medical Education, Intervention, Educational Research, Medical Research
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Bodner, Michael E.; Rhodes, Ryan E.; Miller, William C.; Dean, Elizabeth – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2013
Health promotion (HP) warrants being a clinical competency for health professionals given the global burden of lifestyle-related conditions; these are largely preventable with lifestyle behavior change. Physical therapists have a practice pattern conducive to HP, including lifestyle behavior change. The extent to which HP content is included in…
Descriptors: Allied Health Occupations Education, Benchmarking, Health Promotion, Physical Therapy
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Crowley, Rebecca S.; Legowski, Elizabeth; Medvedeva, Olga; Reitmeyer, Kayse; Tseytlin, Eugene; Castine, Melissa; Jukic, Drazen; Mello-Thoms, Claudia – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2013
The purpose of this study is threefold: (1) to develop an automated, computer-based method to detect heuristics and biases as pathologists examine virtual slide cases, (2) to measure the frequency and distribution of heuristics and errors across three levels of training, and (3) to examine relationships of heuristics to biases, and biases to…
Descriptors: Heuristics, Computer Assisted Instruction, Medical Education, Pathology
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Kusurkar, R. A.; Ten Cate, Th. J.; Vos, C. M. P.; Westers, P.; Croiset, G. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2013
Few studies in medical education have studied effect of quality of motivation on performance. Self-Determination Theory based on quality of motivation differentiates between Autonomous Motivation (AM) that originates within an individual and Controlled Motivation (CM) that originates from external sources. To determine whether Relative Autonomous…
Descriptors: Structural Equation Models, Academic Achievement, Motivation, Self Determination
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Govaerts, M. J. B.; Van de Wiel, M. W. J.; Schuwirth, L. W. T.; Van der Vleuten, C. P. M.; Muijtjens, A. M. M. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2013
Weaknesses in the nature of rater judgments are generally considered to compromise the utility of workplace-based assessment (WBA). In order to gain insight into the underpinnings of rater behaviours, we investigated how raters form impressions of and make judgments on trainee performance. Using theoretical frameworks of social cognition and…
Descriptors: Medical Education, Personnel Evaluation, Evaluators, Trainees
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Pleguezuelos, E. M.; Hornos, E.; Dory, V.; Gagnon, R.; Malagrino, P.; Brailovsky, C. A.; Charlin, B. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2013
Context: The PRACTICUM Institute has developed large-scale international programs of on-line continuing professional development (CPD) based on self-testing and feedback using the Practicum Script Concordance Test© (PSCT). Aims: To examine the psychometric consequences of pooling the responses of panelists from different countries (composite…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Practicums, Professional Development, Psychometrics
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Wade, Louise; Harrison, Chris; Hollands, James; Mattick, Karen; Ricketts, Chris; Wass, Val – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2012
Background: The Progress Test (PT) was developed to assess student learning within integrated curricula. Whilst it is effective in promoting and rewarding deep approaches to learning in some settings, we hypothesised that implementation of the curriculum (design and assessment) may impact on students' preparation for the PT and their learning.…
Descriptors: Tests, Evaluation, Medical Students, Medical Schools
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Shulruf, Boaz; Poole, Phillippa; Wang, Grace Ying; Rudland, Joy; Wilkinson, Tim – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2012
The choice of tools with which to select medical students is complex and controversial. This study aimed to identify the extent to which scores on each of three admission tools (Admission GPA, UMAT and structured interview) predicted the outcomes of the first major clinical year (Y4) of a 6 year medical programme. Data from three student cohorts…
Descriptors: Medical Students, Medical Schools, Clinical Teaching (Health Professions), Structured Interviews
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Durning, Steven J.; Artino, Anthony R.; Boulet, John R.; Dorrance, Kevin; van der Vleuten, Cees; Schuwirth, Lambert – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2012
Context specificity, or the variation in a participant's performance from one case, or situation, to the next, is a recognized problem in medical education. However, studies have not explored the potential reasons for context specificity in experts using the lens of situated cognition and cognitive load theories (CLT). Using these theories, we…
Descriptors: Expertise, Video Technology, Learning Theories, Medical Education
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Boscardin, Christy K. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2012
While clinical exams using SPs are used extensively across the medical schools for summative purposes and high-stakes decisions, the method of identifying students for remediation varies widely and there is a lack of consensus on the best methodological approach. The purpose of this study is to provide an alternative approach to identification of…
Descriptors: Medical Students, Medical Schools, Identification, Multivariate Analysis
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