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Violato, Claudio; Gao, Hong; O'Brien, Mary Claire; Grier, David; Shen, E. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
The distinction between basic sciences and clinical knowledge which has led to a theoretical debate on how medical expertise is developed has implications for medical school and lifelong medical education. This longitudinal, population based observational study was conducted to test the fit of three theories--knowledge encapsulation, independent…
Descriptors: Physicians, Expertise, Longitudinal Studies, Structural Equation Models
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MacKenzie, R. K.; Dowell, J.; Ayansina, D.; Cleland, J. A. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
Traditional methods of assessing personality traits in medical school selection have been heavily criticised. To address this at the point of selection, "non-cognitive" tests were included in the UK Clinical Aptitude Test, the most widely-used aptitude test in UK medical education (UKCAT: http://www.ukcat.ac.uk/). We examined the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Personality Traits, Medical Schools, Longitudinal Studies
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Stegers-Jager, K. M.; Brommet, F. N.; Themmen, A. P. N. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2016
Medical schools are increasingly faced with a more diverse student population. Generally, ethnic minority students are reported to underperform compared with those from the ethnic majority. However, there are inconsistencies in findings in different types of examinations. Additionally, little is known about the performance of first-generation…
Descriptors: Medical Education, Underachievement, Minority Group Students, First Generation College Students
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Gasiorowski, Jakub; Rudowicz, Elzbieta; Safranow, Krzysztof – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2015
This longitudinal study aimed at investigating Polish medical students' career choice motivation, factors influencing specialty choices, professional plans and expectations. The same cohort of students responded to the same questionnaire, at the end of Year 1 and Year 6. The Chi-square, Mann-Whitney U tests and logistic regression were used in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Medical Students, Career Choice, Student Motivation
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Costa, Patrício; Magalhães, Eunice; Costa, Manuel João – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2013
Empathy is a relevant attribute in the context of patient care. However, a decline in empathy throughout medical education has been reported in North-American medical schools, particularly, in the transition to clinical training. The present study aims to longitudinally model empathy during medical school at three time points: at the entrance,…
Descriptors: Medical Students, Medical Education, Empathy, Models
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Pleguezuelos, E. M.; Hornos, E.; Dory, V.; Gagnon, R.; Malagrino, P.; Brailovsky, C. A.; Charlin, B. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2013
Context: The PRACTICUM Institute has developed large-scale international programs of on-line continuing professional development (CPD) based on self-testing and feedback using the Practicum Script Concordance Test© (PSCT). Aims: To examine the psychometric consequences of pooling the responses of panelists from different countries (composite…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Practicums, Professional Development, Psychometrics
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Rees, Charlotte E.; Wearn, Andy M.; Vnuk, Anna K.; Sato, Toshio J. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2009
Although studies have begun to shed light on medical students' attitudes towards peer physical examination (PPE), they have been conducted at single sites, and have generally not examined changes in medical students' attitudes over time. Employing both cross-sectional and longitudinal designs, the current study examines medical students' attitudes…
Descriptors: Medical Students, Student Attitudes, Physical Examinations, Educational Practices