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Violato, Claudio; Gao, Hong; O'Brien, Mary Claire; Grier, David; Shen, E. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
The distinction between basic sciences and clinical knowledge which has led to a theoretical debate on how medical expertise is developed has implications for medical school and lifelong medical education. This longitudinal, population based observational study was conducted to test the fit of three theories--knowledge encapsulation, independent…
Descriptors: Physicians, Expertise, Longitudinal Studies, Structural Equation Models
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Kumar, K.; Roberts, C.; Bartle, E.; Eley, D. S. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
Written tests for selection into medicine have demonstrated reliability and there is accumulating evidence regarding their validity, but we know little about the broader impacts or consequences of medical school selection tests from the perspectives of key stakeholders. In this first Australian study of its kind, we use consequential validity as a…
Descriptors: Test Validity, Test Reliability, Foreign Countries, Online Surveys
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De Leng, W. E.; Stegers-Jager, K. M.; Husbands, A.; Dowell, J. S.; Born, M. Ph.; Themmen, A. P. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
Situational Judgment Tests (SJTs) are increasingly used for medical school selection. Scoring an SJT is more complicated than scoring a knowledge test, because there are no objectively correct answers. The scoring method of an SJT may influence the construct and concurrent validity and the adverse impact with respect to non-traditional students.…
Descriptors: Situational Tests, Scoring, Test Reliability, Correlation
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MacKenzie, R. K.; Dowell, J.; Ayansina, D.; Cleland, J. A. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
Traditional methods of assessing personality traits in medical school selection have been heavily criticised. To address this at the point of selection, "non-cognitive" tests were included in the UK Clinical Aptitude Test, the most widely-used aptitude test in UK medical education (UKCAT: http://www.ukcat.ac.uk/). We examined the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Personality Traits, Medical Schools, Longitudinal Studies
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Shulruf, Boaz; Poole, Phillippa; Wang, Grace Ying; Rudland, Joy; Wilkinson, Tim – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2012
The choice of tools with which to select medical students is complex and controversial. This study aimed to identify the extent to which scores on each of three admission tools (Admission GPA, UMAT and structured interview) predicted the outcomes of the first major clinical year (Y4) of a 6 year medical programme. Data from three student cohorts…
Descriptors: Medical Students, Medical Schools, Clinical Teaching (Health Professions), Structured Interviews
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Albanese, Mark A.; Farrell, Philip; Dottl, Susan – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2005
In 2001, Dr. Jordan Cohen, President of the AAMC, called for medical schools to consider using an Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) threshold to eliminate high-risk applicants from consideration and then to use non-academic qualifications for further consideration. This approach would seem to be consistent with the recent Supreme Court ruling…
Descriptors: Grade Point Average, Medical Schools, Qualifications, College Admission