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Showing 1 to 15 of 58 results Save | Export
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Violato, Claudio; Gao, Hong; O'Brien, Mary Claire; Grier, David; Shen, E. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
The distinction between basic sciences and clinical knowledge which has led to a theoretical debate on how medical expertise is developed has implications for medical school and lifelong medical education. This longitudinal, population based observational study was conducted to test the fit of three theories--knowledge encapsulation, independent…
Descriptors: Physicians, Expertise, Longitudinal Studies, Structural Equation Models
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Rotgans, Jerome I.; Schmidt, Henk G.; Rajalingam, Preman; Hao, Joey Wong Ying; Canning, Claire Ann; Ferenczi, Michael A.; Low-Beer, Naomi – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
The objective of the paper is to report findings of two studies that attempted to find answers to the following questions: (1) What are the levels of cognitive engagement in TBL?; (2) Are there differences between students who were more exposed to TBL than students who were less exposed to TBL?; (3) To which extent does cognitive engagement…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Teaching Methods, Scores, Academic Achievement
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Kumar, K.; Roberts, C.; Bartle, E.; Eley, D. S. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
Written tests for selection into medicine have demonstrated reliability and there is accumulating evidence regarding their validity, but we know little about the broader impacts or consequences of medical school selection tests from the perspectives of key stakeholders. In this first Australian study of its kind, we use consequential validity as a…
Descriptors: Test Validity, Test Reliability, Foreign Countries, Online Surveys
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Tjin A Tsoi, Sharon L. N. M.; de Boer, Anthonius; Croiset, Gerda; Koster, Andries S.; van der Burgt, Stéphanie; Kusurkar, Rashmi A. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
Insufficient professional development may lead to poor performance of healthcare professionals. Therefore, continuing education (CE) and continuing professional development (CPD) are needed to secure safe and good quality healthcare. The aim of the study was to investigate the hypothesized associations and their directions between pharmacists'…
Descriptors: Psychological Needs, Structural Equation Models, Gender Differences, Work Environment
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De Leng, W. E.; Stegers-Jager, K. M.; Husbands, A.; Dowell, J. S.; Born, M. Ph.; Themmen, A. P. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
Situational Judgment Tests (SJTs) are increasingly used for medical school selection. Scoring an SJT is more complicated than scoring a knowledge test, because there are no objectively correct answers. The scoring method of an SJT may influence the construct and concurrent validity and the adverse impact with respect to non-traditional students.…
Descriptors: Situational Tests, Scoring, Test Reliability, Correlation
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Urlings-Strop, Louise C.; Themmen, Axel P. N.; Stegers-Jager, Karen M. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
Several medical schools include candidates' extracurricular activities in their selection procedure, with promising results regarding their predictive value for achievement during the clinical years of medical school. This study aims to reveal whether the better achievement in clinical training of students selected on the basis of their…
Descriptors: Medical Schools, Extracurricular Activities, College Admission, Admission Criteria
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Wikaire, Erena; Curtis, Elana; Cormack, Donna; Jiang, Yannan; McMillan, Louise; Loto, Rob; Reid, Papaarangi – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
Tertiary institutions internationally aim to increase student diversity, however are struggling to achieve equitable academic outcomes for indigenous and ethnic minority students and detailed exploration of factors that impact on success is required. This study explored the predictive effect of admission variables on academic outcomes for health…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Academic Achievement, Ethnic Groups, Pacific Islanders
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MacKenzie, R. K.; Dowell, J.; Ayansina, D.; Cleland, J. A. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
Traditional methods of assessing personality traits in medical school selection have been heavily criticised. To address this at the point of selection, "non-cognitive" tests were included in the UK Clinical Aptitude Test, the most widely-used aptitude test in UK medical education (UKCAT: http://www.ukcat.ac.uk/). We examined the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Personality Traits, Medical Schools, Longitudinal Studies
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Cousans, Fran; Patterson, Fiona; Edwards, Helena; Walker, Kim; McLachlan, John C.; Good, David – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
Although there is extensive evidence confirming the predictive validity of situational judgement tests (SJTs) in medical education, there remains a shortage of evidence for their predictive validity for performance of postgraduate trainees in their first role in clinical practice. Moreover, to date few researchers have empirically examined the…
Descriptors: Situational Tests, Predictive Validity, Test Validity, Graduate Students
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Wouters, A.; Croiset, G.; Schripsema, N. R.; Cohen-Schotanus, J.; Spaai, G. W.; Hulsman, R. L.; Kusurkar, R. A. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
Medical schools seek ways to improve their admissions strategies, since the available methods prove to be suboptimal for selecting the best and most motivated students. In this multi-site cross-sectional questionnaire study, we examined the value of (different) selection procedures compared to a weighted lottery procedure, which includes direct…
Descriptors: Medical Schools, College Admission, Admission Criteria, Medical Students
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Schripsema, Nienke R.; van Trigt, Anke M.; Lucieer, Susanna M.; Wouters, Anouk; Croiset, Gerda; Themmen, Axel P. N.; Borleffs, Jan C. C.; Cohen-Schotanus, Janke – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
Many different medical school selection processes are used worldwide. In this paper, we examine the effect of (1) participation, and (2) selection in a voluntary selection process on study performance. We included data from two cohorts of medical students admitted to Erasmus MC, Rotterdam and VUmc, Amsterdam, The Netherlands and compared them to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Medical Schools, College Admission, Medical Students
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Schripsema, Nienke R.; van Trigt, Anke M.; Borleffs, Jan C. C.; Cohen-Schotanus, Janke – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
Situational Judgement Tests (SJTs) are increasingly implemented in medical school admissions. In this paper, we investigate the effects of vocational interests, previous academic experience, gender and age on SJT performance. The SJT was part of the selection process for the Bachelor's degree programme in Medicine at University of Groningen, the…
Descriptors: Situational Tests, Vocational Interests, Gender Differences, Age Differences
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Chang, Yu-Che; Lee, Ching-Hsing; Chen, Chien-Kuang; Liao, Chien-Hung; Ng, Chip-Jin; Chen, Jih-Chang; Chaou, Chung-Hsien – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
The mini-clinical evaluation exercise (mini-CEX) is a well-established method of assessing trainees' clinical competence in the workplace. In order to improve the quality of clinical learning, factors that influence the provision of feedback are worthy of further investigation. A retrospective data analysis of documented feedback provided by…
Descriptors: Clinical Experience, Graduate Students, Medical Students, Feedback (Response)
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de Visser, Marieke; Fluit, Cornelia; Fransen, Jaap; Latijnhouwers, Mieke; Cohen-Schotanus, Janke; Laan, Roland – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
In the Netherlands, students are admitted to medical school through (1) selection, (2) direct access by high pre-university Grade Point Average (pu-GPA), (3) lottery after being rejected in the selection procedure, or (4) lottery. At Radboud University Medical Center, 2010 was the first year we selected applicants. We designed a procedure based on…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Medical Schools, College Admission, Selective Admission
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Pusic, Martin V.; Boutis, Kathy; Pecaric, Martin R.; Savenkov, Oleksander; Beckstead, Jason W.; Jaber, Mohamad Y. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
Learning curves are a useful way of representing the rate of learning over time. Features include an index of baseline performance (y-intercept), the efficiency of learning over time (slope parameter) and the maximal theoretical performance achievable (upper asymptote). Each of these parameters can be statistically modelled on an individual and…
Descriptors: Statistical Analysis, Models, Regression (Statistics), Medical Education
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