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Showing 1 to 15 of 92 results Save | Export
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Yang, Eunbae B.; Lee, Myung Ae; Park, Yoon Soo – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
In 2012, the National Health Personnel Licensing Examination Board of Korea decided to publicly disclose all test items and answers to satisfy the test takers' right to know and enhance the transparency of tests administered by the government. This study investigated the effects of item disclosure on the medical licensing examination (MLE),…
Descriptors: Certification, Foreign Countries, Test Items, Disclosure
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Anglim, Jeromy; Bozic, Stefan; Little, Jonathon; Lievens, Filip – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
The current study examined the degree to which applicants applying for medical internships distort their responses to personality tests and assessed whether this response distortion led to reduced predictive validity. The applicant sample (n = 530) completed the NEO Personality Inventory whilst applying for one of 60 positions as first-year…
Descriptors: High Stakes Tests, Personality Measures, Graduate Medical Education, Predictive Validity
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Vereijken, Mayke W. C.; van der Rijst, Roeland M.; van Driel, Jan H.; Dekker, Friedo W. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
Research integrated into undergraduate education is important in order for medical students to understand and value research for later clinical practice. Therefore, attempts are being made to strengthen the integration of research into teaching from the first year onwards. First-year students may interpret attempts made to strengthen research…
Descriptors: Medical Students, Medical Schools, College Freshmen, Student Attitudes
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Rotgans, Jerome I.; Schmidt, Henk G.; Rajalingam, Preman; Hao, Joey Wong Ying; Canning, Claire Ann; Ferenczi, Michael A.; Low-Beer, Naomi – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
The objective of the paper is to report findings of two studies that attempted to find answers to the following questions: (1) What are the levels of cognitive engagement in TBL?; (2) Are there differences between students who were more exposed to TBL than students who were less exposed to TBL?; (3) To which extent does cognitive engagement…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Teaching Methods, Scores, Academic Achievement
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Gay, Steven E.; Santen, Sally A.; Mangrulkar, Rajesh S.; Sisson, Thomas H.; Ross, Paula T.; Zaidi, Nikki L. Bibler – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
Medical school admissions interviews are used to assess applicants' nonacademic characteristics as advocated by the Association of American Medical Colleges' Advancing Holistic Review Initiative. The objective of this study is to determine whether academic metrics continue to significantly influence interviewers' scores in holistic processes by…
Descriptors: Medical Schools, College Entrance Examinations, Interviews, Grade Point Average
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Tjin A Tsoi, Sharon L. N. M.; de Boer, Anthonius; Croiset, Gerda; Koster, Andries S.; van der Burgt, Stéphanie; Kusurkar, Rashmi A. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
Insufficient professional development may lead to poor performance of healthcare professionals. Therefore, continuing education (CE) and continuing professional development (CPD) are needed to secure safe and good quality healthcare. The aim of the study was to investigate the hypothesized associations and their directions between pharmacists'…
Descriptors: Psychological Needs, Structural Equation Models, Gender Differences, Work Environment
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Ballejos, Marlene P.; Oglesbee, Scott; Hettema, Jennifer; Sapien, Robert – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
Web-based interviewing may be an effective element of a medical school's larger approach to promotion of holistic review, as recommended by the Association of American Medical Colleges, by facilitating the feasibility of including rural and community physicians in the interview process. Only 10% of medical schools offer videoconference interviews…
Descriptors: Interviews, Medical Schools, College Admission, Regression (Statistics)
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Gingerich, Andrea; Schokking, Edward; Yeates, Peter – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
Recent literature places more emphasis on assessment comments rather than relying solely on scores. Both are variable, however, emanating from assessment judgements. One established source of variability is "contrast effects": scores are shifted away from the depicted level of competence in a preceding encounter. The shift could arise…
Descriptors: Evaluation Methods, Scores, Intervention, Schemata (Cognition)
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Hojat, Mohammadreza; DeSantis, Jennifer; Shannon, Stephen C.; Mortensen, Luke H.; Speicher, Mark R.; Bragan, Lynn; LaNoue, Marianna; Calabrese, Leonard H. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
The Jefferson Scale of Empathy (JSE) is a broadly used instrument developed to measure empathy in the context of health professions education and patient care. Evidence in support of psychometrics of the JSE has been reported in health professions students and practitioners with the exception of osteopathic medical students. This study was…
Descriptors: Empathy, Student Attitudes, Psychometrics, Health Personnel
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Levant, Beth; Zückert, Wolfram; Paolo, Anthony – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
This study compared the effects of two types of delayed feedback (correct response or correct response + rationale) provided to students by a computer-based testing system following an exam. The preclinical medical curriculum at the University of Kansas Medical Center uses a two-exam system for summative assessments in which students test, revisit…
Descriptors: Medical Students, Computer Assisted Testing, Feedback (Response), Scores
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Dore, Kelly L.; Reiter, Harold I.; Kreuger, Sharyn; Norman, Geoffrey R. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
Typically, only a minority of applicants to health professional training are invited to interview. However, pre-interview measures of cognitive skills predict for national licensure scores (Gauer et al. in "Med Educ Online" 21 2016) and subsequently licensure scores predict for performance in practice (Tamblyn et al. in "JAMA"…
Descriptors: Allied Health Occupations Education, Interviews, Cognitive Ability, Predictor Variables
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Zaidi, Nikki L.; Swoboda, Christopher M.; Kelcey, Benjamin M.; Manuel, R. Stephen – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
The extant literature has largely ignored a potentially significant source of variance in multiple mini-interview (MMI) scores by "hiding" the variance attributable to the sample of attributes used on an evaluation form. This potential source of hidden variance can be defined as rating items, which typically comprise an MMI evaluation…
Descriptors: Interviews, Scores, Generalizability Theory, Monte Carlo Methods
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MacKenzie, R. K.; Dowell, J.; Ayansina, D.; Cleland, J. A. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
Traditional methods of assessing personality traits in medical school selection have been heavily criticised. To address this at the point of selection, "non-cognitive" tests were included in the UK Clinical Aptitude Test, the most widely-used aptitude test in UK medical education (UKCAT: http://www.ukcat.ac.uk/). We examined the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Personality Traits, Medical Schools, Longitudinal Studies
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Schripsema, Nienke R.; van Trigt, Anke M.; Lucieer, Susanna M.; Wouters, Anouk; Croiset, Gerda; Themmen, Axel P. N.; Borleffs, Jan C. C.; Cohen-Schotanus, Janke – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
Many different medical school selection processes are used worldwide. In this paper, we examine the effect of (1) participation, and (2) selection in a voluntary selection process on study performance. We included data from two cohorts of medical students admitted to Erasmus MC, Rotterdam and VUmc, Amsterdam, The Netherlands and compared them to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Medical Schools, College Admission, Medical Students
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Stringer, Neil; Chan, Michael; Bimpeh, Yaw; Chan, Philip – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
This study investigates the effects of socioeconomic status and schooling on the academic attainment of a cohort of students at a single medical school (N = 240). Partial least squares structural equation modelling was used to explore how students' summative assessment scores over 4 years of medical school were affected by: attainment in secondary…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Influences, Educational Attainment, Medical Students, Structural Equation Models
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