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Benbassat, Jochanan – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2019
Undergraduate clinical education follows the "bedside" tradition that exposes students to inpatients. However, the hospital learning environment has two main limitations. First, most inpatients require acute care, and students may complete their training without seeing patients with frequent non-emergent and chronic diseases that are…
Descriptors: Clinical Experience, Undergraduate Study, Hospitals, Experiential Learning
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Dauphinee, W. Dale; Boulet, John R.; Norcini, John J. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2019
Educational assessment for the health professions has seen a major attempt to introduce competency based frameworks. As high level policy developments, the changes were intended to improve outcomes by supporting learning and skills development. However, we argue that previous experiences with major innovations in assessment offer an important road…
Descriptors: Competency Based Education, Educational Innovation, Sustainability, Clinical Diagnosis
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Chin-Yee, Benjamin; Messinger, Atara; Young, L. Trevor – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2019
Medicine in the twenty-first century faces an 'identity crisis,' as it grapples with the emergence of various 'ways of knowing,' from evidence-based and translational medicine, to narrative-based and personalized medicine. While each of these approaches has uniquely contributed to the advancement of patient care, this pluralism is not without…
Descriptors: Medicine, Philosophy, Medical Services, Physician Patient Relationship
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Ventres, William; Boelen, Charles; Haq, Cynthia – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
Within health professional education around the world, there exists a growing awareness of the professional duty to be "socially responsible," being attentive to the needs of all members of communities, regions, and nations, especially those who disproportionately suffer from the adverse influence of social determinants. However, much…
Descriptors: Allied Health Occupations Education, Accountability, Social Responsibility, Curriculum
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Tan, Yin Shuen; Teo, Shao Wen Amanda; Pei, Yiying; Sng, Julia Huina; Yap, Hong Wei; Toh, Ying Pin; Krishna, Lalit K. R. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
A consistent mentoring approach is key to unlocking the full benefits of mentoring, ensuring effective oversight of mentoring relationships and preventing abuse of mentoring. Yet consistency in mentoring between senior clinicians and medical students (novice mentoring) which dominate mentoring processes in medical schools is difficult to achieve…
Descriptors: Mentors, Novices, Medical Students, Medical Schools
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Bearman, Margaret; Ajjawi, Rola – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
The Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) is a ubiquitous part of medical education, although there is some debate about its value, particularly around possible impact on learning. Literature and research regarding the OSCE is most often situated within the psychometric or competency discourses of assessment. This paper describes an…
Descriptors: Psychometrics, Medical Education, Medical Students, Interpersonal Relationship
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Pusic, Martin V.; Boutis, Kathy; Pecaric, Martin R.; Savenkov, Oleksander; Beckstead, Jason W.; Jaber, Mohamad Y. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2017
Learning curves are a useful way of representing the rate of learning over time. Features include an index of baseline performance (y-intercept), the efficiency of learning over time (slope parameter) and the maximal theoretical performance achievable (upper asymptote). Each of these parameters can be statistically modelled on an individual and…
Descriptors: Statistical Analysis, Models, Regression (Statistics), Medical Education
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Roberts, Martin J.; Gale, Thomas C. E.; McGrath, John S.; Wilson, Mark R. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2016
The ability to work under pressure is a vital non-technical skill for doctors working in acute medical specialties. Individuals who evaluate potentially stressful situations as challenging rather than threatening may perform better under pressure and be more resilient to stress and burnout. Training programme recruitment processes provide an…
Descriptors: Stress Variables, Prediction, Cognitive Processes, Scores
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Magalhães-Sant'Ana, Manuel – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2016
In their practice, physicians and veterinarians need to resort to an array of ethical competences. As a teaching topic, however, there is no accepted gold standard for human medical ethics, and veterinary medical ethics is not yet well established. This paper provides a reflection on the underlying aims of human and veterinary medical ethics…
Descriptors: Ethics, Physicians, Veterinary Medicine, Medical Education
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van Mook, Walther N. K. A.; van Luijk, Scheltus J.; Zwietering, P. J.; Southgate, L.; Schuwirth, Lambert W. T.; Scherpbier, Albert J. J. A.; van der Vleuten, Cees P. M. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2015
Although several examples of frameworks dealing with "students'" unprofessional behaviour are available, guidance on how to deal locally or regionally with dysfunctional "residents" is limited (Hickson et al. in "Acad Med" 82(11):1040-1048, 2007b; Leape and Fromson in "Ann Intern Med" 144(2):107-115, 2006).…
Descriptors: Graduate Students, Medical Students, Student Behavior, Medical Education
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Reid, Anne-Marie; Ledger, Alison; Kilminster, Sue; Fuller, Richard – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2015
Continued changes to healthcare delivery in the UK, and an increasing focus on patient safety and quality improvement, require a radical rethink on how we enable graduates to begin work in challenging, complex environments. Professional regulatory bodies now require undergraduate medical schools to implement an "assistantship" period in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Undergraduate Study, Undergraduate Students, Medical Education
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Walsh, Kieran – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2013
Medical education has had a long history. Much of that history can be captured in quotations from the many people who have made medical education what it is today. Even though newcomers to the field often see and approach problems as if they were the first to discover them, examining quotations makes us realise that ideas of reform in medical…
Descriptors: Medical Education, Educational Change, Fear, Educational Innovation
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Poole, Gary; Jones, Lydia; Whitfield, Michael – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2013
The challenges of teaching students to reflect on experience and, thus, learn from it, are better understood with the application of constructs from cognitive psychology. The present paper focuses on two such constructs--self-schemas and scripts--to help educators better understand both the threats and opportunities associated with effective…
Descriptors: Cognitive Psychology, Reflection, Scripts, Schemata (Cognition)
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O'Callaghan, Anne – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2013
This paper aims to draw attention to and provide insights into an area that is of educational significance for clinical teachers, namely the need to acknowledge and respond appropriately to the emotional context of both learning and health encounters in order to improve the outcomes of both. This need has been highlighted by recent calls for more…
Descriptors: Instructional Effectiveness, Psychological Patterns, Hospitals, Hidden Curriculum
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Young, Louise; Papinczak, Tracey – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2013
Problem-based learning (PBL) has been used to scaffold and support student learning in many Australian medical programs, with the role of the facilitator in the process considered crucial to the overall educational experience of students. With the increasing size of student cohorts and in an environment of financial constraint, it is important to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Problem Based Learning, Teaching Methods, Medical Education
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