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Oudkerk Pool, Andrea; Govaerts, Marjan J. B.; Jaarsma, Debbie A. D. C.; Driessen, Erik W. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
While portfolios are increasingly used to assess competence, the validity of such portfolio-based assessments has hitherto remained unconfirmed. The purpose of the present research is therefore to further our understanding of how assessors form judgments when interpreting the complex data included in a competency-based portfolio. Eighteen…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Medical Students, Medical Education, Competency Based Education
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Paget, Michael; Brar, Gurbir; Veale, Pamela; Busche, Kevin; Coderre, Sylvain; Woloschuk, Wayne; McLaughlin, Kevin – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
Prior studies have shown a correlation between the grades students receive and how they rate their teacher in the classroom. In this study, the authors probe this association on clinical rotations and explore potential mechanisms. All In-Training Evaluation Reports (ITERs) for students on mandatory clerkship rotations from April 1, 2013 to January…
Descriptors: Correlation, Student Evaluation of Teacher Performance, Regression (Statistics), Rating Scales
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Violato, Claudio; Gao, Hong; O'Brien, Mary Claire; Grier, David; Shen, E. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
The distinction between basic sciences and clinical knowledge which has led to a theoretical debate on how medical expertise is developed has implications for medical school and lifelong medical education. This longitudinal, population based observational study was conducted to test the fit of three theories--knowledge encapsulation, independent…
Descriptors: Physicians, Expertise, Longitudinal Studies, Structural Equation Models
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Yang, Eunbae B.; Lee, Myung Ae; Park, Yoon Soo – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
In 2012, the National Health Personnel Licensing Examination Board of Korea decided to publicly disclose all test items and answers to satisfy the test takers' right to know and enhance the transparency of tests administered by the government. This study investigated the effects of item disclosure on the medical licensing examination (MLE),…
Descriptors: Certification, Foreign Countries, Test Items, Disclosure
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Lo, Kristin; Waterland, Jamie; Todd, Paula; Gupta, Tanvi; Bearman, Margaret; Hassed, Craig; Keating, Jennifer L. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
Effects of interventions for improving mental health of health professional students has not been established. This review analysed interventions to support mental health of health professional students and their effects. The full holdings of Medline, PsycINFO, EBM Reviews, Cinahl Plus, ERIC and EMBASE were searched until 15th April 2016.…
Descriptors: Allied Health Occupations Education, Mental Health, Intervention, Randomized Controlled Trials
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Christensen, Mette K.; Lykkegaard, Eva; Lund, Ole; O'Neill, Lotte D. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
Recent years have seen leading medical educationalists repeatedly call for a paradigm shift in the way we view, value and use subjectivity in assessment. The argument is that subjective expert raters generally bring desired quality, not just noise, to performance evaluations. While several reviews document the psychometric qualities of the…
Descriptors: Qualitative Research, Interviews, Individual Characteristics, Medical Education
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Anglim, Jeromy; Bozic, Stefan; Little, Jonathon; Lievens, Filip – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
The current study examined the degree to which applicants applying for medical internships distort their responses to personality tests and assessed whether this response distortion led to reduced predictive validity. The applicant sample (n = 530) completed the NEO Personality Inventory whilst applying for one of 60 positions as first-year…
Descriptors: High Stakes Tests, Personality Measures, Graduate Medical Education, Predictive Validity
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Tavares, Walter; Brydges, Ryan; Myre, Paul; Prpic, Jason; Turner, Linda; Yelle, Richard; Huiskamp, Maud – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
Assessment of clinical competence is complex and inference based. Trustworthy and defensible assessment processes must have favourable evidence of validity, particularly where decisions are considered high stakes. We aimed to organize, collect and interpret validity evidence for a high stakes simulation based assessment strategy for certifying…
Descriptors: Competence, Simulation, Allied Health Personnel, Certification
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Vereijken, Mayke W. C.; van der Rijst, Roeland M.; van Driel, Jan H.; Dekker, Friedo W. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
Research integrated into undergraduate education is important in order for medical students to understand and value research for later clinical practice. Therefore, attempts are being made to strengthen the integration of research into teaching from the first year onwards. First-year students may interpret attempts made to strengthen research…
Descriptors: Medical Students, Medical Schools, College Freshmen, Student Attitudes
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Rotgans, Jerome I.; Schmidt, Henk G.; Rajalingam, Preman; Hao, Joey Wong Ying; Canning, Claire Ann; Ferenczi, Michael A.; Low-Beer, Naomi – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
The objective of the paper is to report findings of two studies that attempted to find answers to the following questions: (1) What are the levels of cognitive engagement in TBL?; (2) Are there differences between students who were more exposed to TBL than students who were less exposed to TBL?; (3) To which extent does cognitive engagement…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Teaching Methods, Scores, Academic Achievement
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Barradell, S.; Peseta, T.; Barrie, S. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
Health science courses aim to prepare students for the demands of their chosen profession by learning ways appropriate to that profession and the contexts they will work and live in. Expectations of what students should learn become re-contextualised and translated into entry-level curriculum, with students operating as a connection between what…
Descriptors: Allied Health Occupations Education, Physical Therapy, Phenomenology, Student Attitudes
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Givati, Assaf; Markham, Chris; Street, Ken – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
Over the past 2 decades, as part of reforms to the National Health Service and with it organizational changes to ambulance work in the UK, paramedic education has undergone a process of academisation and a shift from in-house, apprenticeship weeks-long occupational training, to university-based undergraduate programs. While the professional…
Descriptors: Emergency Medical Technicians, Health Services, Standards, Allied Health Personnel
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Joynes, Viktoria C. T. – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
This paper is concerned with exploring the relationship between perceptions of professional identities, interprofessional education (IPE) and collaborative practice. It seeks to introduce the concept of interprofessional responsibility as both a shift in the way in which to conceptualise the professional identity of Health and Social Care…
Descriptors: Professional Identity, Interprofessional Relationship, Health Education, Social Services
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Gay, Steven E.; Santen, Sally A.; Mangrulkar, Rajesh S.; Sisson, Thomas H.; Ross, Paula T.; Zaidi, Nikki L. Bibler – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
Medical school admissions interviews are used to assess applicants' nonacademic characteristics as advocated by the Association of American Medical Colleges' Advancing Holistic Review Initiative. The objective of this study is to determine whether academic metrics continue to significantly influence interviewers' scores in holistic processes by…
Descriptors: Medical Schools, College Entrance Examinations, Interviews, Grade Point Average
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de Visser, Marieke; Fluit, Cornelia; Cohen-Schotanus, Janke; Laan, Roland – Advances in Health Sciences Education, 2018
In medical school selection, non-cognitive performance in particular correlates with performance in clinical practice. It is arguable, therefore, that selection should focus on non-cognitive aspects despite the predictive value of prior cognitive performance for early medical school performance. The aim of this study at Radboud University Medical…
Descriptors: Medical Schools, Admission Criteria, College Admission, Clinical Experience
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