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Westrick, Paul – ACT, Inc., 2017
Building upon the research findings in an earlier ACT Research Report (Westrick, 2016), this study used data from 119,131 students at 26 four-year institutions to make comparisons between STEM majors earning semester GPAs of 3.0 or higher and their STEM peers earning semester GPAs less than 3.0. The results indicate that the higher-performing…
Descriptors: STEM Education, High Achievement, Majors (Students), College Students
Westrick, Paul – ACT, Inc., 2017
This study is an extension of two previous studies that provided profiles of persisting STEM majors overall (regardless of academic performance) and persisting STEM majors who earned semester GPAs of 3.0 or higher (Westrick, 2016, 2017). Using data from 25 four-year institutions, this study compared the mean ACT assessment scores, HSGPAs, and ACT…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Majors (Students), Profiles, Comparative Analysis
Radunzel, Justine; Mattern, Krista; Westrick, Paul – ACT, Inc., 2017
As new initiatives and programs are being increasingly implemented to promote STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) interest and participation among U.S. students, the percentage of students who declare a STEM-related major in college continues to lag behind what would be expected based on students' intentions. Such findings…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Majors (Students), Academic Achievement, Student Interests
LeFebvre, Mary – ACT, Inc., 2017
Employment status in high school has been shown to have a negative relationship with measures of academic achievement which some researchers have attributed to student characteristics such as demographics and socioeconomic status. The current study investigated differences in the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of "working…
Descriptors: Student Employment, High School Students, Employment Level, Student Characteristics
Mattern, Krista; Allen, Jeff – ACT, Inc., 2016
In this research report, we review commonly held beliefs about test-optional policies and practices. Focusing solely on empirical evidence, we highlight research findings that directly address the state intentions and actual outcomes of such practices. Throughout the paper, we raise concerns with test-optional policies as they pertain both to…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Student Diversity, College Admission, Scores
Mattern, Krista; Allen, Jeff – ACT, Inc., 2016
In this technical brief, the authors summarize empirical evidence from their full report comparing the stated intentions and actual outcomes of test-optional practices. An overview of five commonly stated assertions of test-optional practices along with empirical evidence that contradicts these assertions is provided in this brief. [For the full…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Student Diversity, College Admission, Scores
Cruce, Ty – ACT, Inc., 2016
Taking a college entrance exam such as the ACT™ or SAT™ can be an important step in the college-going process. Although overall, 1 out of 10 students who register for the ACT on a national test date are absent on their registered test day, the absentee rate (at 21%) for students who registered with a fee waiver is substantially higher than the…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Attendance, College Bound Students, Randomized Controlled Trials
Westrick, Paul – ACT, Inc., 2016
Using date from 120,612 students at 26 four-year institutions, this report provides a description of STEM majors entering four-year postsecondary institutions and those who persist through four years of study. The results indicate that persisting STEM majors enter college with very high levels of pre-college academic achievement as measured by the…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Majors (Students), Academic Persistence, College Students
Powers, Sonya; Li, Dongmei; Suh, Hongwook; Harris, Deborah J. – ACT, Inc., 2016
ACT reporting categories and ACT Readiness Ranges are new features added to the ACT score reports starting in fall 2016. For each reporting category, the number correct score, the maximum points possible, the percent correct, and the ACT Readiness Range, along with an indicator of whether the reporting category score falls within the Readiness…
Descriptors: Scores, Classification, College Entrance Examinations, Error of Measurement
Radunzel, Justine – ACT, Inc., 2016
As pushes for increased accountability in higher education continue, postsecondary institutions are interested in identifying early on students who are at risk of leaving their institution. With this in mind, this study sought to identify incoming first-year student information (such as that available on the ACT student record) that postsecondary…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, At Risk Students, College Preparation, Dropouts
Bassiri, Dina – ACT, Inc., 2016
One outcome of the implementation of No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 and its call for better accountability in public schools across the nation has been the use of student assessment data in measuring schools' effectiveness. In general, inferences about schools' effectiveness depend on the type of statistical model used to link student assessment…
Descriptors: Value Added Models, High Schools, School Effectiveness, High School Graduates
Dougherty, Chrys; Shaw, Teresa – ACT, Inc., 2016
This report looks at student achievement levels in Arkansas school districts disaggregated by district poverty and by the district's performance relative to other districts. We estimated district performance statistics by subject and grade level (4, 8, and 11-12) for longitudinal student cohorts, using statistical models that adjusted for district…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, School Districts, Poverty, Grade 4
ACT, Inc., 2016
This report is the ACT annual report on the progress of U.S. high school graduates relative to college readiness. This year's report shows that 64% of students in the 2016 US graduating class took the ACT test, up from 59% in 2015 and 49% in 2011. The increased number of test takers over the past several years enhances the breadth and depth of the…
Descriptors: College Readiness, Career Readiness, Core Curriculum, College Preparation
ACT, Inc., 2016
This report provides information about the performance of Arkansas' 2016 graduating seniors who took the ACT as sophomores, juniors, or seniors; and self-reported at the time of testing that they were scheduled to graduate in 2016. Beginning with the Graduating Class of 2013, all students whose scores are college reportable, both standard and…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Aspiration, Academic Standards, Achievement Tests
ACT, Inc., 2016
This report provides information about the performance of Georgia's 2016 graduating seniors who took the ACT as sophomores, juniors, or seniors; and self-reported at the time of testing that they were scheduled to graduate in 2016. Beginning with the Graduating Class of 2013, all students whose scores are college reportable, both standard and…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Aspiration, Academic Standards, Achievement Tests
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