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Westrick, Paul – ACT, Inc., 2017
Building upon the research findings in an earlier ACT Research Report (Westrick, 2016), this study used data from 119,131 students at 26 four-year institutions to make comparisons between STEM majors earning semester GPAs of 3.0 or higher and their STEM peers earning semester GPAs less than 3.0. The results indicate that the higher-performing…
Descriptors: STEM Education, High Achievement, Majors (Students), College Students
Westrick, Paul – ACT, Inc., 2017
This study is an extension of two previous studies that provided profiles of persisting STEM majors overall (regardless of academic performance) and persisting STEM majors who earned semester GPAs of 3.0 or higher (Westrick, 2016, 2017). Using data from 25 four-year institutions, this study compared the mean ACT assessment scores, HSGPAs, and ACT…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Majors (Students), Profiles, Comparative Analysis
Radunzel, Justine; Mattern, Krista; Westrick, Paul – ACT, Inc., 2017
As new initiatives and programs are being increasingly implemented to promote STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) interest and participation among U.S. students, the percentage of students who declare a STEM-related major in college continues to lag behind what would be expected based on students' intentions. Such findings…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Majors (Students), Academic Achievement, Student Interests
LeFebvre, Mary – ACT, Inc., 2017
Employment status in high school has been shown to have a negative relationship with measures of academic achievement which some researchers have attributed to student characteristics such as demographics and socioeconomic status. The current study investigated differences in the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of "working…
Descriptors: Student Employment, High School Students, Employment Level, Student Characteristics
ACT, Inc., 2017
ACT's annual Condition of STEM reports provide essential national data on student interest and achievement in STEM subjects. The latest report--"STEM Education in the U.S.: Where We Are and What We Can Do"--takes the data one step further by pairing the latest findings with promising practices aimed at improving STEM achievement and…
Descriptors: STEM Education, State of the Art Reviews, Educational Practices, Best Practices
ACT, Inc., 2017
This new ACT publication is an annual report offering meaningful research insights for some of the most pressing questions impacting admissions and enrollment practice. In the first release of this report, ACT research sheds light on the following topics: (1) the practice of super-scoring; (2) STEM major choice; (3) factors impacting retention and…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Educational Research, Scoring, STEM Education
ACT, Inc., 2017
This report looks at the progress of the 2017 ACT®-tested graduating class relative to college and career readiness. This year's report shows that 60% of students in the 2017 US graduating class took the ACT test, up from 54% in 2013. The increased number of test takers over the past several years enhances the breadth and depth of the data pool,…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, College Readiness, Career Readiness, Benchmarking
Hayes, Shannon – ACT, Inc., 2017
Serious attention has been directed in recent years towards the need for increasing the number of high school graduates in the United States who are prepared for postsecondary education, training and careers in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). The number of jobs in U.S. STEM occupations grew by 10.5 percent…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, STEM Education, Majors (Students), College Preparation
Radunzel, Justine; Westrick, Paul; Bassiri, Dina; Li, Dongmei – ACT, Inc., 2017
Although about 77% of ACT-tested high school graduates express an intention of earning a bachelor's degree or higher (ACT, 2016a), the percentage of students who achieve academic success in their first-year courses, persist in college, and ultimately earn a bachelor's degree within six years is substantially lower. Approximately 60% of students…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, College Readiness, College Preparation, Reading Skills
Radunzel, Justine – ACT, Inc., 2017
As pushes for increased accountability in higher education continue, postsecondary institutions are interested in identifying early on students who are at-risk of leaving their institution. With this in mind, this study sought to identify incoming first-year student information (such as that available on the ACT student record) that postsecondary…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, At Risk Students, College Preparation, Dropouts
King, David R.; Ndum, Edwin – ACT, Inc., 2017
We examined the validity of 10 psychosocial factors for predicting retention status (stay, transfer, or drop out) at the start of second year of college by fitting a mixed-effects multinomial logistic regression model. Data consisted of retention records of 9,364 students from 31 four-year institutions. Predictors included commonly used variables…
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Social Influences, Predictor Variables, Undergraduate Students
Allen, Jeff; Ndum, Edwin; Mattern, Krista – ACT, Inc., 2017
We derived an index of high school academic rigor by optimizing the prediction of first-year college GPA based on high school courses taken, grades, and indicators of advanced coursework. Using a large data set (n~108,000) and nominal parameterization of high school course outcomes, the high school academic rigor (HSAR) index capitalizes on…
Descriptors: Educational Quality, Difficulty Level, Academic Standards, College Freshmen
Dougherty, Chrys; Shaw, Teresa – ACT, Inc., 2017
This report looks at student growth in Arkansas school districts disaggregated by district poverty and by the district's value-added performance relative to other districts. We estimated district value-added performance statistics by subject and grade level (8 and 11-12) for longitudinal student cohorts, using statistical models that adjusted for…
Descriptors: Poverty, Value Added Models, School Districts, Instructional Program Divisions
Li, Dongmei; Yi, Qing; Harris, Deborah – ACT, Inc., 2017
In preparation for online administration of the ACT® test, ACT conducted studies to examine the comparability of scores between online and paper administrations, including a timing study in fall 2013, a mode comparability study in spring 2014, and a second mode comparability study in spring 2015. This report presents major findings from these…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Computer Assisted Testing, Comparative Analysis, Test Format
Moore, Raeal; Earnhart, Benjamin – ACT, Inc., 2017
A random sample of students who took the ACT test in either April or June of 2016 were invited to participate in an online survey via an email invitation (N = 35,0471). To study whether mailing post card invitations to students improves response rates, a portion of these test-takers were randomly assigned to be sent a post card. In addition,…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Online Surveys, Electronic Mail, Response Rates (Questionnaires)
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