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ACT, Inc., 2018
The inaugural "Higher Education Research Digest" was released in 2017 (see ED581669) along with the "Enrollment Management Database," a tool assisting enrollment managers, admissions personnel, and other college administrators with student recruitment, enrollment, and success strategies. For this second edition of the…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Educational Research, College Entrance Examinations, Databases
ACT, Inc., 2018
This report looks at the progress of the ACT®-tested 2018 U.S. high school graduating class relative to college and career readiness. The data in this report are based on more than 1.9 million graduates--55% of the students in the 2018 national graduating class--who took the ACT at some time from grade 10 to 12. The ACT was taken by the majority…
Descriptors: College Readiness, Career Readiness, High School Graduates, College Entrance Examinations
Allen, Jeff – ACT, Inc., 2018
Based on the first cohort of students who took the PreACT® in 10th grade and the ACT® test in 11th grade, this study examines the effects of PreACT adoption on ACT test scores, participation in challenging high school courses, interest-major fit, and college score sending behavior. Adoption of the PreACT led to an increase in ACT Composite score…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Grade 10, Grade 11, Scores
Steedle, Jeffrey – ACT, Inc., 2018
Self-report inventories are commonly administered to measure social and emotional learning competencies related to college readiness. If students respond inattentively or dishonestly, validity will suffer. This study applies several methods of detecting insufficient effort responding (IER) to data from ACT® Engage®. Different methods indicated…
Descriptors: College Readiness, Response Style (Tests), Test Validity, Measurement Techniques
Moore, Raeal; Vitale, Dan – ACT, Inc., 2018
This paper is one of a series of reports on students' access to technology. Access to technology is essential to educational success as well as workforce and community development. However, geographical, income-based, and racial/ethnic disparities in technology access persist. This "digital divide"--the gap between people who have…
Descriptors: High School Students, Access to Computers, Computer Uses in Education, Disadvantaged
Westrick, Paul; Radunzel, Justine; Bassiri, Dina – ACT, Inc., 2018
This study examined the value of using measures of academic "tilt" and vocational interest "tilt" to predict whether students will declare a STEM major during their first term in college. Academic tilt looks at students' relative academic strengths by appropriately comparing their math and science achievement levels to their…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Student Interests, Majors (Students), College Freshmen
Wai, Jonathan; Allen, Jeff – ACT, Inc., 2018
Many academically-advanced youth take the ACT® test in 7th grade for academic talent searches and again in 11th or 12th grade for college admissions. We leveraged this sample of 460,033 students, taking an exploratory analytic approach to examine trends in academic growth from 1996 to 2016. We examined potential predictors of academic growth,…
Descriptors: Achievement Gains, Academic Achievement, Secondary School Students, Academically Gifted
Moore, Raeal; Sanchez, Edgar; San Pedro, Maria Ofelia – ACT, Inc., 2018
A quasi-experimental method and test-retest design were used to explore the impact of participating in test preparation, whether the impact of test preparation depends on the first ACT® score, and the impact of specific test preparation activities. Test preparation improved students' retest scores and this effect did not differ depending on…
Descriptors: Test Preparation, Instructional Effectiveness, Scores, College Entrance Examinations
Moore, Raeal; Vitale, Dan; Stawinoga, Nycole – ACT, Inc., 2018
This paper is one of a series of reports on students' access to technology. Access to technology is essential to educational success as well as workforce and community development. However, geographical, income-based, and racial/ethnic disparities in technology access persist. This "digital divide"--the gap between people who have…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Access to Computers, Disadvantaged, Computer Uses in Education
Westrick, Paul; Mattern, Krista – ACT, Inc., 2018
Almost two-thirds of students entering a community college and a third of students entering a 4-year college lack basic math and writing skills, and they often find themselves placed in developmental or remedial courses in their first year of college. Unfortunately, students placed into remedial math and English courses often have poorer…
Descriptors: College Readiness, College Freshmen, Student Placement, Remedial Mathematics
Moore, Joann; Huang, Chi-Yu; Huh, Noo-Ree; Li, Tianli; Camara, Wayne – ACT, Inc., 2018
In the fall of 2017, ACT began providing a limited number of supports (also known as accommodations) to English Learner (EL) students in the US taking the ACT® test. The goal of the supports is to remove construct-irrelevant variance in students' scores related to limited English proficiency and allow students to more accurately demonstrate their…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Testing Accommodations, College Entrance Examinations, Evaluation Research
Steedle, Jeffrey T. – ACT, Inc., 2018
Debilitating test anxiety is a general threat to validity if it biases assessment scores. Moreover, if bias differs between demographic groups, anxiety also raises concerns about test fairness. This study applied structural equation modeling to investigate possible measurement bias due to anxiety on the ACT® assessment and relationships among…
Descriptors: Test Anxiety, College Entrance Examinations, Test Bias, Scores
Cruce, Ty M.; Lowe, Judy; Mattern, Krista – ACT, Inc., 2018
Many students graduate from high school under-prepared for college-level coursework, leading to a large number of students entering college who require remediation in English and mathematics. This study looked at the effectiveness of using EdReady--now offered through ACT as CollegeReady™--as a system for delivering remediation prior to college to…
Descriptors: College Readiness, Remedial Instruction, Program Effectiveness, English Instruction
Westrick, Paul – ACT, Inc., 2017
Building upon the research findings in an earlier ACT Research Report (Westrick, 2016), this study used data from 119,131 students at 26 four-year institutions to make comparisons between STEM majors earning semester GPAs of 3.0 or higher and their STEM peers earning semester GPAs less than 3.0. The results indicate that the higher-performing…
Descriptors: STEM Education, High Achievement, Majors (Students), College Students
Westrick, Paul – ACT, Inc., 2017
This study is an extension of two previous studies that provided profiles of persisting STEM majors overall (regardless of academic performance) and persisting STEM majors who earned semester GPAs of 3.0 or higher (Westrick, 2016, 2017). Using data from 25 four-year institutions, this study compared the mean ACT assessment scores, HSGPAs, and ACT…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Majors (Students), Profiles, Comparative Analysis
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