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Statter, David; Armoni, Michal – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2020
Abstraction is one of the most fundamental ideas in computer science (CS), and as such, according to Bruner, it should be taught spirally, starting as early as possible and revisited at every level of education. However, teaching CS abstraction to novices is a very challenging task, and CS educational research has often demonstrated students'…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Grade 7, Computer Science Education, Abstract Reasoning
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Ardimento, Pasquale; Bernardi, Mario Luca; Cimitile, Marta; De Ruvo, Giuseppe – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2020
Novice programmers often encounter difficulties performing debugging tasks effectively. Even if modern development environments (IDEs) provide high-level support for navigating through code elements and for identifying the right conditions leading to the bug, debugging still requires considerable human effort. Programmers usually have to make…
Descriptors: Programming, Novices, Troubleshooting, Open Source Technology
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Domínguez, César; Jaime, Arturo; García-Izquierdo, Francisco José; Olarte, Juan José – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2020
A capstone project is an extensive learning experience traditionally developed during a student's final academic year. Assessing such a complex assignment involves several challenges and is usually based upon the evaluations of at least two different people: the capstone project advisor, and one or more other assessors. Quantitative studies…
Descriptors: Computer Science Education, Capstone Experiences, Student Evaluation, Student Projects
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Celis Rangel, Jakeline G.; King, Melissa; Muldner, Kasia – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2020
Learning to program requires perseverance, practice, and the mindset that programming skills are improved through these activities (i.e., that everyone has the potential to become good at programming). In contrast to an entity mindset, individuals with an incremental mindset believe that ability is malleable and can be improved with effort. Prior…
Descriptors: Intervention, Cognitive Structures, Programming, Learning Activities
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Werner, Linda; Denner, Jill; Campe, Shannon; Torres, David M. – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2020
This article builds on prior work that aims to measure computational learning (CL) during middle school. Since game computational sophistication (GCS) has been used as a proxy for a student's engagement in CL we build on their model to more completely describe the relationship between different types of building blocks of computer games and GCS.…
Descriptors: Computation, Middle School Students, Knowledge Level, Learner Engagement
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Ahmad, Adnan; Zeshan, Furkh; Khan, Muhammad Salman; Marriam, Rutab; Ali, Amjad; Samreen, Alia – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2020
Gamification is the use of game elements in domains other than games. Gamification use is often suggested for difficult activities because it enhances users' engagement and motivation level. Due to such benefits, the use of gamification is also proposed in education environments to improve students' performance, engagement, and satisfaction.…
Descriptors: Educational Games, Educational Objectives, Computer Science Education, Instruction
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Conn, Paula; Gotfrid, Taylor; Zhao, Qiwen; Celestine, Rachel; Mande, Vaishnavi; Shinohara, Kristen; Ludi, Stephanie; Huenerfauth, Matt – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2020
We investigate the degree to which undergraduate computing students in a United States university consider accessibility several years after instruction. Prior work has found that cultural and ethical norms become ingrained early in STEM professionals' careers; so, we focus on students approaching graduation and after an internship experience, who…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Computer Science Education, College Seniors, Instructional Effectiveness
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Burgiel, Heidi; Sadler, Philip M.; Sonnert, Gerhard – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2020
The number of computer science (CS) courses has been dramatically expanding in U.S. high schools (HS). In comparison with well-established courses in mathematics and science, little is known about how the decisions made by HS CS teachers regarding how and what to teach impact student performance later in introductory college CS courses. Drawing on…
Descriptors: Computer Science Education, High School Students, College Students, High School Teachers
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Rücker, Michael T.; van Joolingen, Wouter R.; Pinkwart, Niels – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2020
Enabling students to recognize and evaluate the ubiquitous impact of computing technology on society is an internationally proclaimed goal of a K-12 computing education. To that end, students need to actually engage with their computing knowledge in concrete everyday situations. From the perspectives of learning transfer and variation theory, we…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Student Attitudes, Computers, Information Technology
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Ross, Monique; Hazari, Zahra; Sonnert, Gerhard; Sadler, Philip – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2020
Computer science (CS) has been identified as one of the fastest-growing professions, with demand for CS professionals far outpacing the supply of CS graduates. The necessity for a trained CS workforce has compelled industry and academia to evaluate strategies for broadening participation in CS. The current literature in CS education emphasizes the…
Descriptors: Computer Science, Career Choice, Females, Social Influences
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Garvin, Megean; Neary, Michael; DesJardins, Marie – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2019
High school computing education reform efforts have been ongoing across the United States, particularly in the past decade. Although national Computer Science (CS) for All initiatives are promising, states retain control over education policies. Recent computing education reform efforts in the state of Maryland (U.S.A.) focused on providing every…
Descriptors: Computer Science Education, Governance, Educational Change, High Schools
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Clarke-Midura, Jody; Sun, Chongning; Pantic, Katarina; Poole, Frederick J.; Allan, Vicki – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2019
Our work is situated in research on Computer Science (CS) learning in informal learning environments and literature on the factors that influence girls to enter CS. In this article, we outline design choices around the creation of a summer programming camp for middle school youth. In addition, we describe a near-peer mentoring model we used that…
Descriptors: Computer Science Education, Educational Environment, Females, Middle School Students
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Hao, Qiang; Smith, David H.; Iriumi, Naitra; Tsikerdekis, Michail; Ko, Andrew J. – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2019
As the societal demands for application and knowledge in computer science (CS) increase, CS student enrollment keeps growing rapidly around the world. By continuously improving the efficacy of computing education and providing guidelines for learning and teaching practice, computing education research plays a vital role in addressing both…
Descriptors: Computer Science Education, Educational Improvement, Guidelines, Teaching Methods
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Sulmont, Elisabeth; Patitsas, Elizabeth; Cooperstock, Jeremy R. – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2019
Given its societal impacts and applications to numerous fields, machine learning (ML) is an important topic to understand for many students outside of computer science and statistics. However, machine-learning education research is nascent, and research on this subject for non-majors thus far has only focused on curricula and courseware. We…
Descriptors: Man Machine Systems, Artificial Intelligence, Nonmajors, College Faculty
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Crawford, Chris S.; Gilbert, Juan E. – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2019
Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) hardware is becoming more affordable and accessible. However, there is limited work investigating ways to design software that broadens participation with BCI technology. In this article, we present a block-based programming environment designed to assist novice programmers with creating BCI applications. We also…
Descriptors: Barriers, Computer Software, Programming, Information Technology
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