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Deepti Tagare – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2024
Background and Objective: Teacher assessment research suggests that teachers have good conceptual understanding of CT. However, to model CT-based problem-solving in their classrooms, teachers need to develop the ability to recognize when and how to apply CT skills. Does existing professional development (PD) equip teachers to know when and how to…
Descriptors: Computation, Thinking Skills, Elementary Secondary Education, Predictor Variables
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Tshukudu, Ethel; Sentance, Sue; Adelakun-Adeyemo, Oluwatoyin; Nyaringita, Brenda; Quille, Keith; Zhong, Ziling – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2023
Motivation: As K-12 computing education becomes more established throughout the world, there is an increasing focus on accessibility for all, whether in a particular country or setting or in areas of the world that may not yet have computing established. This is primarily articulated as an equity issue. The recently developed "capacity…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary Secondary Education, Computer Science Education, Geographic Regions
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Ronan, Darcy; Erdil, D. Cenk; Brylow, Dennis – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2023
Instrument development is an important step towards unlocking the analytical power of teacher attitudes and beliefs towards Computer Science (CS). Teacher dispositions have strong empirical and theoretical ties to teacher motivation, professional choices, and classroom practices. To determine consensus desirable attitudes and beliefs, we analyzed…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Computer Science, Test Construction, Test Validity
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El-Hamamsy, Laila; Bruno, Barbara; Avry, Sunny; Chessel-Lazzarotto, Frédérique; Dehler Zufferey, Jessica; Mondada, Francesco – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2023
Context: With the introduction of Computer Science (CS) into curricula worldwide, teachers' adoption of CS pedagogical content is essential to ensure the long-term success of reform initiatives. Continuing Professional Development (CPD) programs play a key role in this process. Unfortunately, adoption is seldom evaluated in CS-CPDs or CPDs in…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Computer Science Education, Computer Science, Adoption (Ideas)
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Hamlen Mansour, Karla; Jackson, Debbie K.; Bievenue, Lisa; Voight, Adam; Sridhar, Nigamanth – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2023
In a nationwide initiative to increase computer science Education in K-12, many teachers were recruited to CS teaching positions but without adequate preparation, which can lead to lack of confidence and feelings of isolation [35, 54]. In response to these issues, the purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a newly developed…
Descriptors: Computer Science Education, Faculty Development, Peer Teaching, Elementary School Teachers
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Heather Killen; Merijke Coenraad; Virginia Byrne; Lautaro Cabrera; Kelly Mills; Diane Jass Ketelhut; Jandelyn D. Plane – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2023
Computational thinking (CT) is playing an increasingly relevant role within disciplinary teaching in elementary school, particularly in science. However, many teachers are unfamiliar with CT, either because their education occurred before the popularization of CT or because CT instruction was not included in their pre-service coursework. For these…
Descriptors: Computation, Thinking Skills, Science Instruction, Faculty Development
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Israel, Maya; Kester, Brittany; Williams, Jessica J.; Ray, Meg J. – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2022
Through a mixed-methods approach that utilized teacher surveys and a focus group with computer science (CS) instructional coaches, this study examined elementary teachers' confidence in meeting the needs of students with disabilities, the extent to which the teachers could use the Universal Design for Learning (UDL) framework in CS education, and…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Inclusion, Access to Education, Elementary Education
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Veeragoudar, Sneha; Sullivan, Florence R. – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2022
Here, we present the results of a study of in-service teachers' responses to equity-based case study vignettes focused on racialized classroom incidents. This study was conducted in the context of an ongoing research practice partnership aimed at integrating computer science concepts in elementary grades. Our work took place in a public school…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Racial Attitudes, Computer Science, Elementary Education
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Jacob, Sharin Rawhiya; Montoya, Jonathan; Nguyen, Ha; Richardson, Debra; Warschauer, Mark – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2022
Developing student interest is critical to supporting student learning in computer science. Research indicates that student interest is a key predictor of persistence and achievement. While there is a growing body of work on developing computing identities for diverse students, little research focuses on early exposure to develop multilingual…
Descriptors: Multilingualism, Student Development, Self Concept, Computer Science
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Kutay, Emine; Oner, Diler – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2022
The purpose of this study is to examine the role of Minecraft-based coding activities on computational thinking (CT) of middle school students. In the study, CT was conceptualized so that it encapsulates not only the knowledge of computational concepts (e.g., loops and conditionals) but also the use of CT practices (e.g., testing and debugging).…
Descriptors: Programming, Video Games, Middle School Students, Computation
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Brennan, Karen; Blum-Smith, Sarah; Peters, Laura; Kang, Jane – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2022
Student-directed projects--projects in which students have individual control over what they create and how to create it--are a promising practice for supporting the development of conceptual understanding and personal interest in K-12 computer science classrooms. In this article, we explore a central (and perhaps counterintuitive) design…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Secondary School Teachers, Cooperative Learning, Active Learning
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Luo, Feiya; Israel, Maya; Gane, Brian – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2022
There is little empirical research related to how elementary students develop computational thinking (CT) and how they apply CT in problem-solving. To address this gap in knowledge, this study made use of learning trajectories (LTs; hypothesized learning goals, progressions, and activities) in CT concept areas such as sequence, repetition,…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Computation, Thinking Skills, Learning Trajectories
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Kim, Han Sung; Kim, Soohwan; Na, Wooyoul; Lee, Woon Jee – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2021
As Information and Communication Technology (ICT) literacy education has recently shifted to fostering computing thinking ability as well as ICT use, many countries are conducting research on national curriculum and evaluation. In this study, we measured Korean students' ICT literacy levels by using the national measurement tool that assesses…
Descriptors: Computation, Thinking Skills, Technological Literacy, Gender Differences
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Vandenberg, Jessica; Tsan, Jennifer; Boulden, Danielle; Zakaria, Zarifa; Lynch, Collin; Boyer, Kristy Elizabeth; Wiebe, Eric – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2020
The language and concepts used by curriculum designers are not always interpreted by children as designers intended. This can be problematic when researchers use self-reported survey instruments in concert with curricula, which often rely on the implicit belief that students' understanding aligns with their own. We report on our refinement of a…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Knowledge Level, Computer Science, Student Attitudes
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Statter, David; Armoni, Michal – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2020
Abstraction is one of the most fundamental ideas in computer science (CS), and as such, according to Bruner, it should be taught spirally, starting as early as possible and revisited at every level of education. However, teaching CS abstraction to novices is a very challenging task, and CS educational research has often demonstrated students'…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Grade 7, Computer Science Education, Abstract Reasoning
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