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Duran, Rodrigo; Zavgorodniaia, Albina; Sorva, Juha – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2022
One of the most commonly cited theories in computing education research is cognitive load theory (CLT), which explains how learning is affected by the bottleneck of human working memory and how teaching may work around that limitation. The theory has evolved over a number of decades, addressing shortcomings in earlier versions; other issues remain…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Computer Science Education, Teaching Methods, Learning Theories
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Duran, Rodrigo; Sorva, Juha; Seppälä, Otto – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2021
We propose a framework for identifying, organizing, and communicating learning objectives that involve program semantics. In this framework, detailed learning objectives are written down as rules of program behavior (RPBs). RPBs are teacher-facing statements that describe what needs to be learned about the behavior of a specific sort of programs.…
Descriptors: Behavioral Objectives, Computer Science Education, Programming, Evaluation Criteria
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Sorva, Juha – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2013
This article brings together, summarizes, and comments on several threads of research that have contributed to our understanding of the challenges that novice programmers face when learning about the runtime dynamics of programs and the role of the computer in program execution. More specifically, the review covers the literature on programming…
Descriptors: Computer Science Education, Programming, Introductory Courses, Misconceptions
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Sorva, Juha; Karavirta, Ville; Malmi, Lauri – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2013
This article is a survey of program visualization systems intended for teaching beginners about the runtime behavior of computer programs. Our focus is on generic systems that are capable of illustrating many kinds of programs and behaviors. We inclusively describe such systems from the last three decades and review findings from their empirical…
Descriptors: Visualization, Programming, Guidelines, Introductory Courses