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Duran, Rodrigo; Zavgorodniaia, Albina; Sorva, Juha – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2022
One of the most commonly cited theories in computing education research is cognitive load theory (CLT), which explains how learning is affected by the bottleneck of human working memory and how teaching may work around that limitation. The theory has evolved over a number of decades, addressing shortcomings in earlier versions; other issues remain…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Computer Science Education, Teaching Methods, Learning Theories
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Kather, Philipp; Duran, Rodrigo; Vahrenhold, Jan – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2022
Previous studies on writing and understanding programs presented evidence that programmers beyond a novice stage utilize plans or plan-like structures. Other studies on code composition showed that learners have difficulties with writing, reading, and debugging code where interacting plans are merged into a short piece of code. In this article, we…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Coding, Algorithms, Schemata (Cognition)
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Duran, Rodrigo; Sorva, Juha; Seppälä, Otto – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2021
We propose a framework for identifying, organizing, and communicating learning objectives that involve program semantics. In this framework, detailed learning objectives are written down as rules of program behavior (RPBs). RPBs are teacher-facing statements that describe what needs to be learned about the behavior of a specific sort of programs.…
Descriptors: Behavioral Objectives, Computer Science Education, Programming, Evaluation Criteria