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Gustafson, Jinger; Rasmussen, Natalie; Raskin, Candace F. – AASA Journal of Scholarship & Practice, 2020
Racism is about institutional power to maintain racial hierarchy (Solorzano, Allen, & Carroll, 2002). School systems are hierarchies that were originally designed to educate white males. The majority of school districts and buildings are led by white people. The focus of this paper exposes the normalization of inherent racism and institutional…
Descriptors: Racial Bias, Principals, Racial Factors, Power Structure
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Sun, Anna Q.; Miller, Randy R. – AASA Journal of Scholarship & Practice, 2020
To achieve equity, there is a need to recognize that both White educators and educators of color can add values and perspectives to the conversation (Singleton & Linton, 2006). Despite of a large number of studies on social justice, there is a scarcity of studies on how principals of color enact social justice leadership and what are the…
Descriptors: Principals, Minority Group Teachers, Teacher Recruitment, Social Justice
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Johnson, Bernadeia; Witter, Lakisha; Kaufman, Jason A. – AASA Journal of Scholarship & Practice, 2020
We sought to explore the extent to which race might influence how African American superintendents cope with the stressors of their leadership roles and the presence of support while in such positions. In order to test this question, we recruited African American superintendents across the United States. We specifically measured their ability to…
Descriptors: Resilience (Psychology), African American Leadership, Superintendents, Race
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Baule, Steven M. – AASA Journal of Scholarship & Practice, 2020
Recent federal data shows disparities among school discipline by race. This has been a long running concern in many arenas. Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) provides a positive aspirational approach to student discipline instead of taking a more penal-based approach. This paper reviews the implementation of PBIS and queries…
Descriptors: Positive Behavior Supports, Discipline, Racial Differences, Ethnicity
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Guskey, Thomas R. – AASA Journal of Scholarship & Practice, 2020
Educational measurement and evaluation experts generally agree that increasing stakeholders' assessment literacy will yield a variety of positive benefits, especially broadening the range of assessment formats teachers use to measure students' mastery of high level, more cognitively complex learning outcomes. But in the context of education…
Descriptors: Assessment Literacy, Accountability, Classroom Techniques, High Stakes Tests
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Martin-Kniep, Giselle O.; Lane, Brett – AASA Journal of Scholarship & Practice, 2020
This article focuses on how principals can use parallel surveys that tap multiple perspectives to identify improvement needs, priorities, and the relevance and effectiveness of actions and strategies implemented, and ultimately use this data to support ongoing improvement. We explore the use of survey data that couples principals' self-assessment…
Descriptors: Principals, Needs Assessment, Reflection, Data Use
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Amrein-Beardsley, Audrey; Sloat, Edward; Holloway, Jessica – AASA Journal of Scholarship & Practice, 2020
In this study, researchers compared the concordance of teacher-level effectiveness ratings derived via six common generalized value-added model (VAM) approaches including a (1) student growth percentile (SGP) model, (2) value-added linear regression model (VALRM), (3) value-added hierarchical linear model (VAHLM), (4) simple difference (gain)…
Descriptors: Value Added Models, Teacher Effectiveness, Elementary School Teachers, Teacher Evaluation
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Kimbrel, Laurie A. – AASA Journal of Scholarship & Practice, 2019
School administrators must ensure that every child has access to high quality instruction, making it imperative that only the teacher candidates with the greatest probability of success are hired. Most teacher selection practices are neither valid nor reliable and do not accurately predict job performance. Teacher hiring processes and therefore,…
Descriptors: Teacher Selection, Educational Quality, Administrators, Instructional Effectiveness
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Hart, Walter H.; Schramm-Possinger, Meghan; Hoyle, Sherry – AASA Journal of Scholarship & Practice, 2019
Researchers examined the relationship between superintendent longevity and district variables on standardized test scores for students in North Carolina. The authors used hierarchical multiple regression to understand if superintendent-specific variables explained variance in student performance over and above district-based variables documented…
Descriptors: Superintendents, School Districts, Persistence, Public Schools
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Roberts, Kelly Morris – AASA Journal of Scholarship & Practice, 2019
This essay outlines the case for keeping schools diverse socioeconomically as an important priority in school choice and school assignment. The author uses the current climate surrounding charter schools and private vouchers to connect to other times in the history of our nation's schools when diversity was threatened, namely the civil rights era…
Descriptors: Student Diversity, Socioeconomic Status, Elementary Secondary Education, National Competency Tests
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Ketelle, Diane; Lin, Betty – AASA Journal of Scholarship & Practice, 2019
Aesthetic leadership is focused on the developed of leadership qualities and dispositions that contribute to a leader's emotional and sensory awareness and a general self-awareness. This article outlines three arts-based assignments that were used in developing leaders in order to illustrate the kind of work that can be done to promote the…
Descriptors: Aesthetic Education, Leadership Qualities, Leadership Styles, Moral Values
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Bridges, Kim; Plancher, Annie Knickman; Toledo, Stephanie Downey – AASA Journal of Scholarship & Practice, 2019
While there is a link between the work of school boards and positive outcomes for K12 students, some elected boards and superintendents continue to struggle with effective governance practices, a dynamic which can contribute to diminished public confidence. This article explores the most common challenges, their impact, and the role of…
Descriptors: Governance, Superintendents, Boards of Education, Board Administrator Relationship
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Thomas, Deani; Wieczorek, Douglas – AASA Journal of Scholarship & Practice, 2019
We reviewed and synthesized 35 peer-reviewed empirical studies published between 2014-2018 that investigated district leaders', principals', and/or teachers' interpretations of and experiences with Race to the Top teacher evaluation systems. We analyzed evidence of how educators' prior experiences, beliefs, values, organizational contexts, and…
Descriptors: Teacher Evaluation, Educational Legislation, Federal Aid, Federal Legislation
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Lefdal, Joseph; De Jong, David – AASA Journal of Scholarship & Practice, 2019
The superintendent position comes with a variety of challenges that may have devastating effects on the superintendent and his or her family. This quantitative study surveyed superintendents across a rural state in the Midwest and examined the perceived stressors that superintendents and their families encountered and what coping methods they used…
Descriptors: Stress Variables, Stress Management, Coping, Superintendents
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Bell, John J. – AASA Journal of Scholarship & Practice, 2019
The purpose of this study was to investigate New York State school superintendent job satisfaction and the potential contributing factors to their job satisfaction in an era of reduced resources and increased accountability. Sharp, Malone and Walter (2002) created a 49-item survey entitled the Positive Aspects and Motivation Survey and used it in…
Descriptors: Superintendents, Job Satisfaction, Accountability, Educational Resources
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