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Gierut, Judith A.; Morrisette, Michele L. – Journal of Child Language, 2015
There is a noted advantage of dense neighborhoods in language acquisition, but the learning mechanism that drives the effect is not well understood. Two hypotheses--long-term auditory word priming and phonological working memory--have been advanced in the literature as viable accounts. These were evaluated in two treatment studies enrolling twelve…
Descriptors: Phonology, Language Acquisition, Linguistic Theory, Short Term Memory
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Geurten, Marie; Lloyd, Marianne; Willems, Sylvie – Child Development, 2017
Previous research has suggested that fluency does not influence memory decisions until ages 7-8. In two experiments (n = 96 and n = 64, respectively), children, aged 4, 6, and 8 years (Experiments 1 and 2), and adults (Experiment 2) studied a list of pictures. Participants completed a recognition test during which each study item was preceded by a…
Descriptors: Language Fluency, Young Children, Children, Memory
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Bahrami Balani, Alex – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
People's everyday lives offer plenty of situations where complex processing of information takes place, in which information needs to transfer across modalities to achieve a behavioral goal. The study examined the differential effects on object detection by a visual, verbal, or auditory cue held in working memory (WM), and the role of concurrent…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Transfer of Training, Cognitive Processes, Visual Stimuli
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Helal, Suha; Weil-Barais, Annick – European Early Childhood Education Research Journal, 2015
The present study investigated the general cognitive determinants of alphabetic letter knowledge. It involved 60 French kindergarten children (mean age: five years six months). Two test batteries were used: the CMS to evaluate general cognitive abilities (memory, attention, and learning), and the LKT to assess letter knowledge and its various…
Descriptors: Alphabets, Emergent Literacy, Kindergarten, Cognitive Ability
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Walker, Peter; Parameswaran, Caroline Regina – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
In sound symbolism, a word's sound induces expectations about the nature of a salient aspect of the word's referent. P. Walker (2016a) proposed that cross-sensory correspondences can be the source of these expectations, and the present study assessed three implications flowing from this proposal. First, sound symbolism will embrace a wide range of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Acoustics, Vowels, Phonemes
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McKeown, Denis; Wellsted, David – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 2009
Psychophysical studies are reported examining how the context of recent auditory stimulation may modulate the processing of new sounds. The question posed is how recent tone stimulation may affect ongoing performance in a discrimination task. In the task, two complex sounds occurred in successive intervals. A single target component of one complex…
Descriptors: Auditory Stimuli, Stimulation, Intervals, Memory
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Jones, Samuel David; Brandt, Silke – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2019
Purpose: This study reexamines the claim that difficulty forming memories of words comprising uncommon sound sequences (i.e., low phonological neighborhood density words) is a determinant of delayed expressive vocabulary development (e.g., Stokes, 2014). Method: We modeled communicative development inventory data from (N = 442) 18-month-old…
Descriptors: Delayed Speech, Expressive Language, Correlation, Vocabulary Development
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Wang, Hsiao-Lan Sharon; Huss, Martina; Hamalainen, Jarmo A.; Goswami, Usha – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2012
The present study explores the relationship between basic auditory processing of sound rise time, frequency, duration and intensity, phonological skills (onset-rime and tone awareness, sound blending, RAN, and phonological memory) and reading disability in Chinese. A series of psychometric, literacy, phonological, auditory, and character…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Auditory Perception, Language Processing, Semantics
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Daikhin, Luba; Raviv, Ofri; Ahissar, Merav – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2017
Purpose: The reading deficit for people with dyslexia is typically associated with linguistic, memory, and perceptual-discrimination difficulties, whose relation to reading impairment is disputed. We proposed that automatic detection and usage of serial sound regularities for individuals with dyslexia is impaired (anchoring deficit hypothesis),…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Auditory Stimuli, Auditory Perception, Teaching Methods
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Ocal, Turkan; Ehri, Linnea C. – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2017
Studies have shown that children benefit from a spelling pronunciation strategy in remembering the spellings of words. The current study determined whether this strategy also helps adults learn to spell commonly misspelled words. Participants were native English speaking college students (N = 42), mean age 22.5 years (SD = 7.87). An experimental…
Descriptors: Spelling, Pronunciation, Learning Strategies, Native Language
Ryan, Tamara E. – ProQuest LLC, 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of auditory integration training (AIT) on a component of the executive function of working memory; specifically, to determine if learning preferences might have an interaction with AIT to increase the outcome for some learners. The question asked by this quantitative pretest posttest design is…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Adults, Executive Function, Cognitive Style
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Bacon, Alex; Beaman, C. Philip; Liu, Fang – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) reportedly possess preserved or superior music-processing skills compared to their typically developing counterparts. We examined auditory imagery and earworms (tunes that get "stuck" in the head) in adults with ASD and controls. Both groups completed a short earworm questionnaire together…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Music, Auditory Perception
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O'Leary, Robin; Ehri, Linnea C. – Reading Research Quarterly, 2020
The authors examined whether exposing young students to spellings as they learn proper names would facilitate memory for the spoken names when tested without the spellings present (i.e., orthographic facilitation), whether emergent readers with letter knowledge would show this effect, and whether phonemic segmentation (PS) training would enhance…
Descriptors: Orthographic Symbols, Memory, Naming, Nouns
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Hebert, Michael; Kearns, Devin M.; Hayes, Joanne Baker; Bazis, Pamela; Cooper, Samantha – Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 2018
Purpose: Children with dyslexia often have related writing difficulties. In the simple view of writing model, high-quality writing depends on good transcription skills, working memory, and executive function--all of which can be difficult for children with dyslexia and result in poor spelling and low overall writing quality. In this article, we…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Writing Difficulties, Writing Instruction, Spelling Instruction
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Parmentier, Fabrice B. R.; Hebrero, Maria – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2013
It is well established that a task-irrelevant sound (deviant sound) departing from an otherwise repetitive sequence of sounds (standard sounds) elicits an involuntary capture of attention and orienting response toward the deviant stimulus, resulting in the lengthening of response times in an ongoing task. Some have argued that this type of…
Descriptors: Acoustics, Interference (Learning), Stimuli, Reaction Time
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