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ERIC Number: EJ838934
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jan
Pages: 4
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0021-9584
Investigating the Retention Mechanisms of Liquid Chromatography Using Solid-Phase Extraction Cartridges
O'Donnell, Mary E.; Musial, Beata A.; Bretz, Stacey Lowery; Danielson, Neil D.; Ca, Diep
Journal of Chemical Education, v86 n1 p60-63 Jan 2009
Liquid chromatography (LC) experiments for the undergraduate analytical laboratory course often illustrate the application of reversed-phase LC to solve a separation problem, but rarely compare LC retention mechanisms. In addition, a high-performance liquid chromatography instrument may be beyond what some small colleges can purchase. Solid-phase extraction (SPE) cartridges offer an inexpensive alternative, while still providing effective model columns for investigating LC retention mechanisms. We have shown that the four major retention mechanisms (normal-phase, reversed-phase, ion-exchange, and size-exclusion) can be investigated experimentally using two types of SPE cartridges (silica and C18) as columns. The C18 cartridges can be pre-treated with anionic or cationic polymers to produce ion-exchange columns. The concept of post-column detection is also introduced. This experiment is suitable for a first-year general chemistry course or a third-year analytical course to illustrate the importance of solvent polarity and the types of retention mechanisms employed in separation science. (Contains 2 figures and 2 tables.)
Division of Chemical Education of the American Chemical Society. Subscription Department, P.O. Box 1267, Bellmawr, NJ 08099-1267. Tel: 800-691-9846; Tel: 856-931-5825; Fax: 856-931-4115; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: Teachers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A