ERIC Number: EJ987775
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Comparing Social Worker and Non-Social Worker Outcomes: A Research Review
Rubin, Allen; Parrish, Danielle E.
Social Work, v57 n4 p309-320 Oct 2012
This article reports on a review of the literature comparing the outcomes of social workers with those of non-social workers. The review was commissioned by NASW's Texas Chapter to examine empirical evidence regarding the comparative effectiveness of social work to possibly support efforts to educate employers and the public about the value of social work. Because of the limited number of internally valid studies that have compared social workers and non-social workers on actual client outcomes, studies were also included if they examined practitioner variables that might be associated with client outcomes. The mixed findings point to a lack of compelling evidence supporting the superiority of social work in the child welfare field. However, in the mental health and aging fields, the limited evidence suggests that social workers do at least as well as non-social workers regarding practitioner retention, mental health court intervention, efforts to maintain older adult independence in the community, and attitudes toward evidence-based practice. Implications are presented to guide NASW in promoting rigorous research comparing social workers and non-social workers on actual client outcomes, especially in the field of child welfare.
Descriptors: Evidence, Mental Health, Child Welfare, Older Adults, Social Work, Comparative Analysis, Outcomes of Treatment, Correlation, Intervention, Courts, Aging (Individuals)
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Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Texas