ERIC Number: EJ1093539
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
School Readiness among Low-Income Black Children: Family Characteristics, Parenting, and Social Support
Bono, Katherine E.; Sy, Susan R.; Kopp, Claire B.
Early Child Development and Care, v186 n3 p419-435 2016
This study focuses on the associations between family variables and academic and social school readiness in low-income Black children. Analyses drew from the National Institute for Child Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development dataset. The participants included 122 children and their mothers. Data collection occurred when the children were 1, 6, 15, 24, 36, and 54 months old. Findings indicated that maternal sensitivity and the quality of the home environment predicted cognitive and language outcomes, whereas maternal depression and social support predicted social-behavioural outcomes. In addition, the impact of family resources on cognitive and language outcomes was fully mediated by parenting behaviours and the impact of social support on behaviour problems was fully mediated through maternal depression. Implications for family intervention are discussed.
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Low Income Students, African American Students, School Readiness, Family Characteristics, Parenting Styles, Mothers, Social Support Groups, Family Environment, Predictor Variables, Depression (Psychology), Behavior Problems, Intervention, Questionnaires, Measures (Individuals), Cognitive Ability, Observation, Cognitive Tests, Achievement Tests, Interpersonal Competence, Child Behavior, Check Lists, Structural Equation Models, Family Influence, Socioeconomic Status
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Arkansas; Pennsylvania
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Home Observation for Measurement of Environment; Preschool Language Scale; Child Behavior Checklist; Social Skills Rating System; Woodcock Johnson Psycho Educational Battery; Woodcock Johnson Tests of Achievement; Woodcock Johnson Tests of Cognitive Ability