ERIC Number: EJ1074171
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Early Nonparental Care and Social Behavior in Elementary School: Support for a Social Group Adaptation Hypothesis
Pingault, Jean-Baptiste; Tremblay, Richard E.; Vitaro, Frank; Japel, Christa; Boivin, Michel; Côté, Sylvana M.
Child Development, v86 n5 p1469-1488 Sep-Oct 2015
This study examined the contribution of nonparental child-care services received during the preschool years to the development of social behavior between kindergarten and the end of elementary school with a birth cohort from Québec, Canada (N = 1,544). Mothers reported on the use of child-care services, while elementary school teachers rated children's shyness, social withdrawal, prosociality, opposition, and aggression. Children who received nonparental child-care services were less shy, less socially withdrawn, more oppositional, and more aggressive at school entry (age 6 years). However, these differences disappeared during elementary school as children who received exclusive parental care caught up with those who received nonparental care services. This "catch-up" effect from the perspective of children's adaptation to the social group is discussed.
Descriptors: Child Care, Preschool Children, Kindergarten, Elementary School Students, Social Behavior, Child Development, Personality Traits, Psychological Patterns, Age Differences, Parents, Child Rearing, Adjustment (to Environment), Foreign Countries
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Kindergarten; Primary Education; Early Childhood Education; Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada