ERIC Number: EJ1022900
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Attend Typically to Faces and Objects Presented within Their Picture Communication Systems
Gillespie-Smith, K.; Riby, D. M.; Hancock, P. J. B.; Doherty-Sneddon, G.
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, v58 n5 p459-470 May 2014
Background: Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may require interventions for communication difficulties. One type of intervention is picture communication symbols which are proposed to improve comprehension of linguistic input for children with ASD. However, atypical attention to faces and objects is widely reported across the autism spectrum for several types of stimuli. Method: In this study we used eye-tracking methodology to explore fixation duration and time taken to fixate on the object and face areas within picture communication symbols. Twenty-one children with ASD were compared with typically developing matched groups. Results: Children with ASD were shown to have similar fixation patterns on face and object areas compared with typically developing matched groups. Conclusions: It is proposed that children with ASD attend to the images in a manner that does not differentiate them from typically developing individuals. Therefore children with and without autism have the same opportunity to encode the available information. We discuss what this may imply for interventions using picture symbols.
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Communication Problems, Intervention, Eye Movements, Attention, Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Comparative Analysis, Visual Aids
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Publication Type: Reports - Research; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A