ERIC Number: EJ956694
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Resisting Smoking when a Best Friend Smokes: Do Intrapersonal and Contextual Factors Matter?
Tucker, Joan S.; Edelen, Maria Orlando; Go, Myung-Hyun; Pollard, Michael S.; Green, Harold D., Jr.; Kennedy, David P.
Journal of Research on Adolescence, v22 n1 p113-122 Mar 2012
This longitudinal study examines individual differences in the tendency to initiate (N = 4,612) and escalate (N = 2,837) smoking when adolescents gain a best friend who smokes. Potential moderating factors include self-esteem, depression, problem behavior, school and family bonds, and household access to cigarettes. In addition to acquiring a smoking best friend, initiation was predicted by trouble at school, household access, poorer grades and delinquency, whereas escalation was predicted by depressive symptoms. There was little evidence that the examined individual difference factors moderate the association between gaining a smoking best friend and increased adolescent smoking. Results point to the challenges of identifying factors that may lead adolescents to be more or less susceptible to the influence of pro-smoking friends.
Descriptors: Smoking, Adolescents, Individual Differences, Depression (Psychology), Friendship, Context Effect, Longitudinal Studies, Peer Influence, Self Esteem, Behavior Problems, Family Relationship, Student School Relationship, Family Environment, Grades (Scholastic), Delinquency, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Correlation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A