ERIC Number: EJ899840
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Do We Believe the Tobacco Industry Lied to Us? Association with Smoking Behavior in a Military Population
Klesges, Robert C.; Sherrill-Mittleman, Deborah A.; Debon, Margaret; Talcott, G. Wayne; Vanecek, Robert J.
Health Education Research, v24 n6 p909-921 Dec 2009
Despite the dangers of smoking, tobacco companies continue to impede tobacco control efforts through deceptive marketing practices. Media campaigns that expose these practices have been effective in advancing anti-industry attitudes and reducing smoking initiation among young people, yet the association between knowledge of industry practices and smoking cessation and relapse has not been studied. In a large military sample entering Air Force Basic Military Training (BMT), where tobacco use is prohibited, we investigated (i) the prevalence of agreement with a statement that tobacco companies have misled the public about the health consequences of smoking and (ii) the association of this acknowledgement with smoking status upon entry into BMT (N = 36 013). At baseline, 56.6% agreed that tobacco companies have been deceptive, and agreement was a strong predictor of smoking status [smokers less likely to agree, odds ratio (OR = 0.39, P less than 0.01]. At 12-month follow-up, we examined the association between industry perception at baseline and current smoking status (N = 20 672). Recruits who had been smoking upon entry into BMT and who had acknowledged industry deception were less likely to report current smoking (OR = 0.84, P = 0.01). These findings suggest that anti-industry attitudes may affect smoking relapse following cessation.
Descriptors: Smoking, Industry, Military Training, Attitude Change, Health Promotion, Health Behavior, Information Dissemination, Predictor Variables, Deception, Military Personnel, Advertising, Followup Studies, Correlation, Public Health
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Adult Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A