ERIC Number: EJ1159366
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Correcting Model Fit Criteria for Small Sample Latent Growth Models with Incomplete Data
McNeish, Daniel; Harring, Jeffrey R.
Educational and Psychological Measurement, v77 n6 p990-1018 Dec 2017
To date, small sample problems with latent growth models (LGMs) have not received the amount of attention in the literature as related mixed-effect models (MEMs). Although many models can be interchangeably framed as a LGM or a MEM, LGMs uniquely provide criteria to assess global data-model fit. However, previous studies have demonstrated poor small sample performance of these global data-model fit criteria and three post hoc small sample corrections have been proposed and shown to perform well with complete data. However, these corrections use sample size in their computation--whose value is unclear when missing data are accommodated with full information maximum likelihood, as is common with LGMs. A simulation is provided to demonstrate the inadequacy of these small sample corrections in the near ubiquitous situation in growth modeling where data are incomplete. Then, a missing data correction for the small sample correction equations is proposed and shown through a simulation study to perform well in various conditions found in practice. An applied developmental psychology example is then provided to demonstrate how disregarding missing data in small sample correction equations can greatly affect assessment of global data-model fit.
Descriptors: Growth Models, Goodness of Fit, Error Correction, Sampling, Sample Size, Maximum Likelihood Statistics, Computation, Simulation, Evaluation Criteria, Evaluation Methods, Incidence, Statistical Data, Statistical Studies, Data Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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