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Chan, Wendy – Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 2018
Policymakers have grown increasingly interested in how experimental results may generalize to a larger population. However, recently developed propensity score-based methods are limited by small sample sizes, where the experimental study is generalized to a population that is at least 20 times larger. This is particularly problematic for methods…
Descriptors: Computation, Generalization, Probability, Sample Size
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Chan, Wendy – AERA Online Paper Repository, 2017
Policymakers are increasingly interested in the extent to which experimental results generalize from a sample to a population of inference. When the sample is not randomly selected, propensity score methods are used to reweight the sample. Subclassification by propensity score is commonly used in which the population is partitioned into strata…
Descriptors: Generalization, Classification, Randomized Controlled Trials, Inferences
US Census Bureau, 2011
This document presents 2010 data from the Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) program of the U.S. Census Bureau. The SAIPE program produces poverty estimates for the total population and median household income estimates annually for all counties and states. SAIPE data also produces single-year poverty estimates for the school-age…
Descriptors: Poverty, Income, Federal Programs, Social Indicators
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Prieto-Lara, Elisa; Ocana-Riola, Ricardo – Social Indicators Research, 2010
Nowadays, there is a wide debate about what rural means. An operational definition of rural concept is essential in order to measure health problems, optimize resource allocation and facilitate decision making aimed at closing the gap on inequity between areas. In 2005, the rurality index for Small Areas in Spain (IRAP) was developed using the…
Descriptors: Municipalities, Factor Analysis, Rural Areas, Resource Allocation
Gagnon, Douglas J.; Mattingly, Marybeth J. – Carsey School of Public Policy, 2016
In this brief, the authors examine the level of access to school counselors, and how this access is mediated by district demographic and location characteristics. Using a large nationally representative data source compiled from the 2013-2104 Civil Rights Data Collection (CRDC), the 2014 Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE), and 2007…
Descriptors: School Districts, School Counselors, Counselor Client Ratio, Rural Schools
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Boyd, Margaret – Primary Science, 2016
Like many schools, Hornsea Community Primary School, which is situated in a rural coastal town in East Yorkshire, has a long wish list of both curriculum and pastoral ideals. A gardening club was started at the school with the intention of transforming two small areas of the school grounds that were very visible to the school community and to…
Descriptors: Gardening, Elementary Schools, Clubs, Interpersonal Relationship
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Holmboe, Janelle – Journal of College Admission, 2020
Adam Sapp, assistant vice president of admissions at Pomona College (CA), grew up in a town with a population of 950 residents. He graduated with 47 other seniors and was one of only five in his class headed directly to a four-year college. Sapp's experience mirrors that of thousands of other students nationwide, clearly demonstrating the need to…
Descriptors: School Counselors, Rural Areas, College Applicants, College Choice
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Noble, Michael; Barnes, Helen; Wright, Gemma; Roberts, Benjamin – Social Indicators Research, 2010
This paper presents the Provincial Indices of Multiple Deprivation that were constructed by the authors at ward level using 2001 Census data for each of South Africa's nine provinces. The principles adopted in conceptualising the indices are described and multiple deprivation is defined as a weighted combination of discrete dimensions of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Disadvantaged Environment, Poverty Areas, Census Figures
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Romylos, Salomé – Changing English: Studies in Culture and Education, 2021
This article aims to give insight into the professional identities of seven teachers who teach English literature to Grade 10-12 learners, in the North-West district of South Africa. The focus is on how these teachers' experiences are shaped by larger determinants (social, historical, professional, etc.), and how their experiences might resonate…
Descriptors: Professional Identity, English Literature, High School Teachers, Context Effect
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Sanchez-Cantalejo, Carmen; Ocana-Riola, Ricardo; Fernandez-Ajuria, Alberto – Social Indicators Research, 2008
The term deprivation is often used to refer to economic or social shortages in a given geographical area. This concept of deprivation has been identified for years using simple indicators such as income level, education and social class. One of the advantages of using simple indicators is the availability of data, since they come directly from…
Descriptors: Unemployment, Municipalities, Social Class, Poverty
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George, Barbara; Wetzl, Ana Marie – Composition Forum, 2020
As the number of multilingual students increases at small campuses in rural areas that lack multilingual composition programming, there is a need to explore pedagogical and institutional strategies that help to pool limited or emerging resources to promote language justice for multilingual students. This narrative case study looks at two small…
Descriptors: Multilingualism, Rural Schools, Equal Education, Social Justice
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Kinkler, Lori A.; Goldberg, Abbie E. – Family Relations, 2011
In seeking to adopt, lesbians and gay men may confront various barriers and obstacles. Ideally, they have access to a variety of support resources that can help to buffer the negative effects of these barriers. Lesbians and gay men living in small metropolitan communities may have limited access to support resources, however. The current…
Descriptors: Metropolitan Areas, Homosexuality, Barriers, Adoption
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Baker, Sheila F.; Alexander, Bonnie – Knowledge Quest, 2018
Learning in makerspaces involves doing, playing, thinking, experimenting, creating, collaborating, mentoring, inquiring, problem-solving, producing, inventing, designing, building, and sharing (Loertscher, Preddy, and Derry 2013). Whatever the character of a makerspace, all makerspaces have the same goal: to actively engage students in open-ended…
Descriptors: School Libraries, Librarians, Middle Schools, Library Services
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Díaz, Kathleen I.; Fite, Paula J. – Child & Youth Care Forum, 2019
Background: There is limited research examining outcomes associated with cyber victimization among middle school age youth, which is a time of increased online usage and risk for problem behaviors. Objective: The current study evaluated associations between cyber victimization, lifetime substance use, and anxiety and depression symptoms over an…
Descriptors: Bullying, Victims, Computer Mediated Communication, Depression (Psychology)
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Walford, Nigel – Journal of Rural Studies, 2007
Exchanges of population between supposedly "urban" and "rural" spaces have occurred throughout history as people migrate between areas with relatively, densely and sparsely settled populations. However, comparatively little is known about whether the same small areas persistently contribute to the flow and what types of…
Descriptors: Migration Patterns, Population Growth, Developed Nations, Rural Areas
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