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ERIC Number: EJ928718
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 23
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0891-4222
Sleep Correlates of Pervasive Developmental Disorders: A Review of the Literature
Hollway, Jill A.; Aman, Michael G.
Research in Developmental Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, v32 n5 p1399-1421 Sep-Oct 2011
Sleep disturbance is a significant problem in the general pediatric population, and it occurs even more frequently in children with pervasive developmental disorders (PDDs). Much time and energy have been spent examining the characteristics that predispose children to insomnia and it is likely that equivalent factors influence sleep in PDDs. Though similarly affected, it is the unique set of characteristics incumbent in a diagnosis of PDD that has additive effects and increases the likelihood for developing other predisposing factors and subsequent sleep loss. This review summarized research that has explored the behavioral, cognitive, and emotional correlates of sleep disturbance in children with PDDs. The literature provided 38 sleep studies that used either subjective or objective sleep measures. Of these, 17 met criteria for inclusion. Studies were evaluated for their attempts at matching their study samples and adjusting for possible confounding variables. The results revealed that the combined effects of autism symptom severity, internalizing behavior, and externalizing behavior, were the main predisposing factors for the development of insomnia. Other factors included medical conditions, epilepsy, and medication use (likely a proxy for behavior difficulty and even sleep disorder). A bidirectional theoretical framework for sleep disturbance in children with PDDs has been posited as a conceptual guide for future study. Recommendations for future study designs are included. (Contains 1 figure and 1 table.)
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Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A