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Showing 46 to 60 of 93 results Save | Export
Edwards, Thomas O. – 1970
The development of learning theory and its application to computer-assisted instruction (CAI) are described. Among the early theoretical constructs thought to be important are E. L. Thorndike's concept of learning connectisms, Neal Miller's theory of motivation, and B. F. Skinner's theory of operant conditioning. Early devices incorporating those…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Educational Development, Educational History, Educational Research
McCowan, Richard J. – Online Submission, 1998
This paper describes the theories and social factors that contributed to the development of competency-based training (CBT). These include behaviorism (Edward L. Thorndike), scientific management (Frederick Taylor), progressive education (John Dewey), and derivative theories including operant conditioning (B.F. Skinner), objectives-based…
Descriptors: Instructional Design, Mastery Learning, Competency Based Education, Learning Theories
Rawers, Lois J. – OSSC Bulletin, 1983
After reviewing the conceptual bases and practical application of precision teaching, this analysis traces its evolution as the Sacajawea Plan, reports on its implementation in central Oregon school districts, and details the costs and procedures of adoption. Developed by Ogden Lindsley from B. F. Skinner's work in operant conditioning and…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Charts, Demonstration Programs, Drills (Practice)
SLACK, CHARLES W. – 1963
REINFORCEMENT AND ROLE-REVERSAL TECHNIQUES ARE USED IN THE SCORE PROJECT, A LOW-COST PROGRAM OF DELINQUENCY PREVENTION FOR HARD-CORE TEENAGE STREET CORNER BOYS. COMMITTED TO THE BELIEF THAT THE BOYS HAVE THE POTENTIAL FOR ETHICAL BEHAVIOR, THE SCORE WORKER FOLLOWS B.F. SKINNER'S THEORY OF OPERANT CONDITIONING AND REINFORCES THE DELINQUENT'S GOOD…
Descriptors: Aggression, Behavior, Behavior Theories, Counselor Role
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Miller, Jonathan R.; Hirst, Jason M.; Kaplan, Brent A.; DiGennaro Reed, Florence D.; Reed, Derek D. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2014
The effects of two types of mands on participants' adherence to instructions were examined across two groups using procedures based on Hackenberg and Joker ("Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior" 62:367-383, 1994). Participants were presented with instructions describing a pattern of responding for producing points later…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Verbal Operant Conditioning, Verbal Stimuli, Laboratories
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Peterson, Gail B. – Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 2004
Despite the seminal studies of response differentiation by the method of successive approximation detailed in chapter 8 of "The Behavior of Organisms" (1938), B. F. Skinner never actually shaped an operant response by hand until a memorable incident of startling serendipity on the top floor of a flour mill in Minneapolis in 1943. That occasion…
Descriptors: Social Environment, Physical Environment, Verbal Stimuli, Behavior Patterns
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Sweeney-Kerwin, Emily J.; Carbone, Vincent J.; O'Brien, Leigh; Zecchin, Gina; Janecky, Marietta N. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2007
Few studies have made use of B. F. Skinner's (1957) behavioral analysis of language and precise taxonomy of verbal behavior when describing the controlling variables for the mand relation. Consequently, the motivating operation (MO) has not typically been identified as an independent variable and the nature of a spontaneous mand has been…
Descriptors: Verbal Operant Conditioning, Children, Autism, Speech
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Bihm, Elson M.; Gillaspy, J. Arthur, Jr.; Abbott, Hannah J.; Lammers, William J. – Psychological Record, 2010
In 1992, Dr. Marian Breland Bailey, assisted by her husband Robert E. Bailey, gave the following presentation at the Psi Chi Banquet of the University of Central Arkansas. She and her first husband, Keller Breland, were students of B. F. Skinner and established Animal Behavior Enterprises (ABE) in 1947 and the IQ Zoo in 1955. Unknown to many…
Descriptors: Animal Behavior, Behavior Modification, Psychology, History
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Matson, Johnny L.; Coe, David A. – Research in Developmental Disabilities, 1992
This article reviews applications of the applied behavior analysis ideas of B. F. Skinner and others to persons with both mental retardation and emotional disturbance. The review examines implications of behavior analysis for operant conditioning and radical behaviorism, schedules of reinforcement, and emotion and mental illness. (DB)
Descriptors: Behavior Modification, Behavioral Science Research, Behaviorism, Emotional Disturbances
Pedrini, D. T.; Pedrini, B. C. – 1989
William James, the turn of the century psychologist, philospher, and educator, was avidly interested in the relationship between psychology and teaching. This paper considers operant conditioning, timing of reinforcers, and programmed instruction--touchstones of B.F. Skinner in the teaching/learning milieu. Of course, materials not just methods…
Descriptors: Behavior Modification, Educational Psychology, Operant Conditioning, Patterned Responses
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Kubina, Richard M., Jr.; Morrison, Rebecca S.; Lee, David L. – Journal of Creative Behavior, 2006
As researchers continue to study creativity, a behavior analytic perspective may provide new vistas by offering an additional perspective. Contemporary behavior analysis began with B. F. Skinner and offers a selectionist approach to the scientific investigation of creativity. Behavior analysis contributes to the study of creativity by…
Descriptors: Creativity, Behavior Problems, Researchers, Behavioral Science Research
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Stockwell, Fawna; Eshlelman, John – Journal of Precision Teaching and Celeration, 2010
Using a deck of 60 Say All Fast a Minute Every Day Shuffled (SAFMEDS) cards, a learner established a fluent verbal repertoire related to the key terms of Skinner's (1957) analysis of verbal behavior. This learner was required to see the phrase printed on the front of the card and to say the term printed on the back. Regular timings were recorded…
Descriptors: Verbal Stimuli, Case Studies, Verbal Operant Conditioning, Behavior
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Greer, R. D.; Yaun, L.; Gautreaux, G. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2005
We tested the effect of multiple exemplar instruction (MEI) on acquisition of joint spelling responses, vocal to written and vice versa, for three sets of five words by four kindergarteners with language delays using a delayed multiple probe design. First, students were taught to spell Set 1 as either vocal or written responses (two vocal and two…
Descriptors: Spelling, Responses, Instructional Effectiveness, Verbal Communication
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Moore, J. – Behavior Analyst, 2010
Following from an earlier analysis by B. F. Skinner, the present article suggests that the verbal processes in science may usefully be viewed as following a three-stage progression. This progression starts with (a) identification of basic data, then moves to (b) description of relations among those data, and ultimately concludes with (c) the…
Descriptors: Identification (Psychology), Science Activities, Behaviorism, Pragmatics
Martin, Robert F. – 1971
The focus of this paper is the application of laboratory-derived principles to a more real-life situation. Specifically, a learning model is presented with the intent that principles and procedures derived from it be directly applicable to learning in the college classroom. The model presented is derived from 2 orientation to the phenomena of…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Learning Processes, Learning Theories, Operant Conditioning
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