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Showing 31 to 45 of 94 results Save | Export
Bailey, Beeke – 1987
This paper provides curriculum makers with an overview of developmental theory and relates the theory to instructional strategies. The section on socioemotional development addresses Erikson's eight ages of man, Kohlberg's stages of moral development, motivation and Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Taylor's stage model of creative development, and…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Cognitive Development, Educational Practices, Educational Strategies
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Dymond, S.; O'Hora, D.; Whelan, R.; O'Donovan, A. – Behavior Analyst, 2006
The present study undertook an updated citation analysis of Skinner's (1957) "Verbal Behavior". All articles that cited "Verbal Behavior" between 1984 and 2004 were recorded and content analyzed into one of five categories; four empirical and one nonempirical. Of the empirical categories, studies that employed a verbal operant from Skinner's…
Descriptors: Citation Analysis, Verbal Communication, Classification, Verbal Operant Conditioning
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Najdowski, Adel C.; Bergstrom, Ryan; Tarbox, Jonathan; St. Clair, Megan – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2017
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often have difficulty inferring the private events of others, including private verbal behavior (e.g., thoughts), private emotional responses, and private establishing operations, often referred to as "perspective taking" by the general psychology community. Children with ASD also have…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Verbal Communication, Emotional Response
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Lattal, Kennon A. – Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 2004
From its inception in the 1930s until very recent times, the cumulative recorder was the most widely used measurement instrument in the experimental analysis of behavior. It was an essential instrument in the discovery and analysis of schedules of reinforcement, providing the first real-time analysis of operant response rates and patterns. This…
Descriptors: Operant Conditioning, Positive Reinforcement, Behavioral Science Research, Measurement Techniques
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Bondy, A.; Tincani, M.; Frost, L. – Behavior Analyst, 2004
This paper presents Skinner's (1957) analysis of verbal behavior as a framework for understanding language acquisition in children with autism. We describe Skinner's analysis of pure and impure verbal operants and illustrate how this analysis may be applied to the design of communication training programs. The picture exchange communication system…
Descriptors: Verbal Stimuli, Language Acquisition, Autism, Interpersonal Communication
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Asano, Toshio; Lattal, Kennon A. – Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 2012
A recently recovered cumulative recorder provides a missing link in the evolution of the cumulative recorder from a modified kymograph to a reliably operating, scientifically and commercially successful instrument. The recorder, the only physical evidence of such an early precommercial cumulative recorder yet found, was sent to Keio University in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Evolution, Higher Education, Photography
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Schlinger, Henry D. – Psychological Record, 2008
The year 2007 marked the 50th anniversary of the publication of B. F. Skinner's "Verbal Behavior", a book that by Skinner's own account was his most important. The received view, however, is that a devastating review by a young linguist not only rendered Skinner's interpretation of language moot but was also a major factor in ending the hegemony…
Descriptors: Verbal Stimuli, Verbal Communication, Behaviorism, Cultural Influences
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Leslie, Julian C.; Shaw, David; Gregg, Gillian; McCormick, Nichola; Reynolds, David S.; Dawson, Gerard R. – Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 2005
Learning and memory are central topics in behavioral neuroscience, and inbred mice strains are widely investigated. However, operant conditioning techniques are not as extensively used in this field as they should be, given the effectiveness of the methodology of the experimental analysis of behavior. In the present study, male C57Bl/6 mice,…
Descriptors: Animals, Reinforcement, Operant Conditioning, Intervals
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Schlinger, Henry D. – Behavior Analyst, 2008
As we celebrate the 50th anniversary of the publication of B. F. Skinner's "Verbal Behavior", it may be important to reconsider the role of the listener in the verbal episode. Although by Skinner's own admission, "Verbal Behavior" was primarily about the behavior of the speaker, his definition of verbal behavior as "behavior reinforced through the…
Descriptors: Listening, Verbal Communication, Behavior, Inner Speech (Subvocal)
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Goldsmith, Tina R.; LeBlanc, Linda A.; Sautter, Rachael A. – Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2007
Skinner's conceptual analysis of language has influenced one model of early and intensive behavioral intervention with children, which incorporates verbal operants including mands, tacts, intraverbals, etc. Many studies have examined the mand and tact relations, with little focus on teaching intraverbal behavior. In the present experiment,…
Descriptors: Autism, Intervention, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Verbal Operant Conditioning
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McKerchar, Todd L.; Morris, Edward K.; Smith, Nathaniel G. – Behavior Analyst, 2011
This paper describes and analyzes B. F. Skinner's coauthoring practices. After identifying his 35 coauthored publications and 27 coauthors, we analyze his coauthored works by their form (e.g., journal articles) and kind (e.g., empirical); identify the journals in which he published and their type (e.g., data-type); describe his overall and local…
Descriptors: Journal Articles, Authors, Publications, Writing for Publication
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Michael, Jack; Palmer, David C.; Sundberg, Mark L. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2011
Amid the novel terms and original analyses in Skinner's "Verbal Behavior", the importance of his discussion of multiple control is easily missed, but multiple control of verbal responses is the rule rather than the exception. In this paper we summarize and illustrate Skinner's analysis of multiple control and introduce the terms "convergent…
Descriptors: Verbal Operant Conditioning, Children, Autism, Speech
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Dinsmoor, James A. – Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 2004
The origins of many of the basic concepts used in the experimental analysis of behavior can be traced to Pavlov's (1927/1960) discussion of unconditional and conditional reflexes in the dog, but often with substantial changes in meaning (e.g., stimulus, response, and reinforcement). Other terms were added by Skinner (1938/1991) to describe his…
Descriptors: Stimuli, Operant Conditioning, Etymology, Reinforcement
Ramirez, Aura I. – 1983
Currently, three theories of learning dominate classroom practice. First, B.F. Skinner's Theory of Operant Conditioning states that if behavior, including learning behavior, is reinforced, the probability of its being repeated increases strongly. Different types and schedules of reinforcement have been studied, by Skinner and others, and the…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Educational Psychology, Educational Theories, Elementary Secondary Education
Schreiber, Deborah A. – 1984
This paper: (1) briefly reviews the existing literature which supports that female adolescents possess significantly more negative attitudes toward middle school science than do males; (2) examines the process of gender socialization in the United States to establish the socio-cultural and social psychological framework within which an attitudinal…
Descriptors: Attitude Change, Females, Intermediate Grades, Junior High Schools
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