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Henley, Amy J.; Hirst, Jason M.; DiGennaro Reed, Florence D.; Becirevic, Amel; Reed, Derek D. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2017
This study evaluated the effects of four instructional variants on instruction following under changing reinforcement schedules using an operant task based on Hackenberg and Joker's "Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior," 62, 367-383 (1994) experimental preparation. Sixteen college-aged adults served as participants and were…
Descriptors: Reinforcement, Operant Conditioning, College Students, Young Adults
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Lattal, Kennon A. – Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 2004
From its inception in the 1930s until very recent times, the cumulative recorder was the most widely used measurement instrument in the experimental analysis of behavior. It was an essential instrument in the discovery and analysis of schedules of reinforcement, providing the first real-time analysis of operant response rates and patterns. This…
Descriptors: Operant Conditioning, Positive Reinforcement, Behavioral Science Research, Measurement Techniques
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Michael, Jack; Palmer, David C.; Sundberg, Mark L. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2011
Amid the novel terms and original analyses in Skinner's "Verbal Behavior", the importance of his discussion of multiple control is easily missed, but multiple control of verbal responses is the rule rather than the exception. In this paper we summarize and illustrate Skinner's analysis of multiple control and introduce the terms "convergent…
Descriptors: Verbal Operant Conditioning, Children, Autism, Speech
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Sweeney-Kerwin, Emily J.; Carbone, Vincent J.; O'Brien, Leigh; Zecchin, Gina; Janecky, Marietta N. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2007
Few studies have made use of B. F. Skinner's (1957) behavioral analysis of language and precise taxonomy of verbal behavior when describing the controlling variables for the mand relation. Consequently, the motivating operation (MO) has not typically been identified as an independent variable and the nature of a spontaneous mand has been…
Descriptors: Verbal Operant Conditioning, Children, Autism, Speech
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Greer, R. D.; Yaun, L.; Gautreaux, G. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2005
We tested the effect of multiple exemplar instruction (MEI) on acquisition of joint spelling responses, vocal to written and vice versa, for three sets of five words by four kindergarteners with language delays using a delayed multiple probe design. First, students were taught to spell Set 1 as either vocal or written responses (two vocal and two…
Descriptors: Spelling, Responses, Instructional Effectiveness, Verbal Communication
Yeshiva Univ., New York, NY. Ferkauf Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences. – 1966
This conference report consists of two presented papers and a selected bibliography. The paper by Joan Gussow, "Behavioral Management and Educational Goals," is concerned with operant conditioning as a theory of learning and an instructional method. Basing their methods on the work of B.F. Skinner, educators who are proponents of this…
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Behavior Patterns, Behavior Theories, Conditioning
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Cihon, Traci M. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2007
Intraverbal behavior is common in conversation and academic and professional settings. Many individuals with disabilities fail to acquire intraverbal repertoires. Some individuals who do acquire intraverbal behavior fail to acquire responses that are functional and complete. Research has examined procedures to establish or increase intraverbal…
Descriptors: Verbal Operant Conditioning, Responses, Precision Teaching, Developmental Disabilities
Fletcher, James E. – 1972
The author reviews and evaluates the principal theoretical measures of attention categorized in three areas: self-report measures, operant behavioral measures, and psychophysiological measures. Self-report measures include a variety of rating scales, interest and attitude scales, Krugman's "number of 'connections,'" and program audience analyzers.…
Descriptors: Attention, Behavior Theories, Behavioral Science Research, Cognitive Processes
Ramey, Craig T. – 1971
This paper deals with three areas concerning early vocal development: (1) review and critique of existing experimental evidence suggesting that early vocal behavior has the properties of an operant response, (2) speculations concerning the role of non-verbal vocal behavior in early psychological development, and (3) suggestions for future…
Descriptors: Conditioning, Hypothesis Testing, Infant Behavior, Language Acquisition
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Okouchi, Hiroto – Psychological Record, 2006
The present article discusses how events outside a subject's skin and not accessible to another subject but to an experimenter may contribute to experimental analyses of private events. Of 16 undergraduates, 8, referred to as instructors, first learned conditional discriminations (i.e., B1C1, B2C2, B3C3, and B4C4) in a standard matching-to-sample…
Descriptors: Stimuli, Operant Conditioning, Undergraduate Students, Responses
Estarellas, Juan – 1967
Applied theories in the development of self-instructional, audio-video courses at Florida Atlantic University are explored in this article. Development of intralanguage and extralanguage associations of "verbal context" is proposed as a means by which the student might achieve a desired verbal-operant repertoire through self-instruction. The…
Descriptors: Audiovisual Centers, Autoinstructional Aids, Behavioral Objectives, Behavioral Science Research
Rogers, George W. – 1972
In B. F. Skinner's "Beyond Freedom and Dignity," he states that people can achieve a better society and greater well-being if we destroy our pretensions concerning the freedom and dignity of man. He explains that man must now take total control of his evolution by consciously designing his entire culture so that it will shape the…
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Behavior Theories, Book Reviews, Conditioning
Dickinson, John – 1976
This book explores some of the basic principles of behavior which have been derived from the study of operant conditioning and considers the phenomenon of sport in society in the light of these principles. First, some of the terms used in Skinnerian behavioral analysis are defined and explained. The second section examines the reinforcements…
Descriptors: Athletics, Behavior Change, Behavior Patterns, Behavior Theories
Chastain, Kenneth – 1970
Implications of the behaviorist and cognitive theories in language instruction are discussed in this article. Some contributions of Skinner, Politzer, Valette, Morton, Lane, and Mueller and Niedzielski clarify the behaviorists' view of language as a myriad of conditioned responses. In turn, the cognitive viewpoint, seen as the acquisiton and…
Descriptors: Behavior Development, Behavior Theories, Behavioral Objectives, Cognitive Development
Garland, LaRetta M. – 1972
Modern behavioral scientists have emphasized the importance of environmental influences in human behavior. If the basis for behavior development and change rests within the environment, an understanding and use of the methods of control by change agents, especially teachers, can result in more prosocial behavior. Planned reinforcement could…
Descriptors: Antisocial Behavior, Behavior Change, Behavior Development, Behavior Theories
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