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Plavnick, Joshua B.; Vitale, Frances A. – Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 2016
Based on Skinner's classification of verbal behavior, the mand is the first and most advantageous verbal operant to develop. Deficits in vocal mand repertoires are common in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and can lead to decreased social interaction and increased problem behavior. The present investigation compared the effects of…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Verbal Operant Conditioning, Young Children
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Finn, Heather E.; Miguel, Caio F.; Ahearn, William H. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2012
Despite Skinner's (1957) assertion that verbal operants are initially functionally independent, recent studies have suggested that in some cases the acquisition of one verbal operant (e.g., mand) gives rise to the other (e.g., tact) without explicit training. The present study aimed to evaluate the functional independence of mands and tacts during…
Descriptors: Autism, Young Children, Verbal Operant Conditioning, Scores
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Jurado-Parras, M. Teresa; Gruart, Agnes; Delgado-Garcia, Jose M. – Learning & Memory, 2012
The neural structures involved in ongoing appetitive and/or observational learning behaviors remain largely unknown. Operant conditioning and observational learning were evoked and recorded in a modified Skinner box provided with an on-line video recording system. Mice improved their acquisition of a simple operant conditioning task by…
Descriptors: Animals, Observational Learning, Brain, Stimulation
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Gross, Amy C.; Fuqua, Wayne; Merritt, Todd A. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2013
Approximately 5% of older adults have a dementia diagnosis, and language deterioration is commonly associated with this disorder (Kempler, 2005). Several instruments have been developed to diagnose dementia and assess language capabilities of elderly adults. However, none of these instruments take a functional approach to language assessment as…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Older Adults, Dementia, Language Skills
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Henley, Amy J.; Hirst, Jason M.; DiGennaro Reed, Florence D.; Becirevic, Amel; Reed, Derek D. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2017
This study evaluated the effects of four instructional variants on instruction following under changing reinforcement schedules using an operant task based on Hackenberg and Joker's "Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior," 62, 367-383 (1994) experimental preparation. Sixteen college-aged adults served as participants and were…
Descriptors: Reinforcement, Operant Conditioning, College Students, Young Adults
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Petursdottir, Anna Ingeborg; Devine, Bailey – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2017
B. F. Skinner's (1957) "Verbal Behavior" had a limited influence on empirical research in the first few decades following its publication, but an increase in empirical activity has been evident in recent years. The purpose of this article is to update previous analyses that have quantified the influence of "Verbal Behavior" on…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Behavior, Research, Verbal Operant Conditioning
Kelley, M. E.; Shillingsburg, M.A.; Castro, M. J.; Addison, L. R.; LaRue, R. H., Jr. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2007
The conceptual basis for many effective language-training programs are based on Skinner's (1957) analysis of verbal behavior. Skinner described several elementary verbal operants including mands, tacts, intraverbals, and echoics. According to Skinner, responses that are the same topography may actually be functionally independent. Previous…
Descriptors: Language of Instruction, Verbal Stimuli, Generalization, Autism
Shillingsburg, M. Alice; Kelley, Michael E.; Roane, Henry S.; Kisamore, April; Brown, Melissa R. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2009
Topographically similar verbal responses may be functionally independent forms of operant behavior. For example, saying yes or no may have different functions based on the environmental conditions in effect. The present study extends previous research on both the assessment and acquisition of yes and no responses across contexts in children with…
Descriptors: Evaluation, Verbal Operant Conditioning, Autism, Developmental Disabilities
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Gamba, Jonas; Goyos, Celso; Petursdottir, Anna Ingeborg – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2015
Recently, there has been a proliferation of research on the functional independence of two of Skinner's (1957) verbal operants, the mand, and the tact. This research has produced highly variable results. In this article, we provide a critical review of the literature on mand-tact independence, a literature that has implications for both theory and…
Descriptors: Verbal Operant Conditioning, Reinforcement, Literature Reviews, Training
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Najdowski, Adel C.; Bergstrom, Ryan; Tarbox, Jonathan; St. Clair, Megan – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2017
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often have difficulty inferring the private events of others, including private verbal behavior (e.g., thoughts), private emotional responses, and private establishing operations, often referred to as "perspective taking" by the general psychology community. Children with ASD also have…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Verbal Communication, Emotional Response
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Leslie, Julian C.; Shaw, David; Gregg, Gillian; McCormick, Nichola; Reynolds, David S.; Dawson, Gerard R. – Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 2005
Learning and memory are central topics in behavioral neuroscience, and inbred mice strains are widely investigated. However, operant conditioning techniques are not as extensively used in this field as they should be, given the effectiveness of the methodology of the experimental analysis of behavior. In the present study, male C57Bl/6 mice,…
Descriptors: Animals, Reinforcement, Operant Conditioning, Intervals
Schreiber, Deborah A. – 1984
This paper: (1) briefly reviews the existing literature which supports that female adolescents possess significantly more negative attitudes toward middle school science than do males; (2) examines the process of gender socialization in the United States to establish the socio-cultural and social psychological framework within which an attitudinal…
Descriptors: Attitude Change, Females, Intermediate Grades, Junior High Schools
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Miller, Jonathan R.; Hirst, Jason M.; Kaplan, Brent A.; DiGennaro Reed, Florence D.; Reed, Derek D. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2014
The effects of two types of mands on participants' adherence to instructions were examined across two groups using procedures based on Hackenberg and Joker ("Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior" 62:367-383, 1994). Participants were presented with instructions describing a pattern of responding for producing points later…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Verbal Operant Conditioning, Verbal Stimuli, Laboratories
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Sweeney-Kerwin, Emily J.; Carbone, Vincent J.; O'Brien, Leigh; Zecchin, Gina; Janecky, Marietta N. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2007
Few studies have made use of B. F. Skinner's (1957) behavioral analysis of language and precise taxonomy of verbal behavior when describing the controlling variables for the mand relation. Consequently, the motivating operation (MO) has not typically been identified as an independent variable and the nature of a spontaneous mand has been…
Descriptors: Verbal Operant Conditioning, Children, Autism, Speech
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Stockwell, Fawna; Eshlelman, John – Journal of Precision Teaching and Celeration, 2010
Using a deck of 60 Say All Fast a Minute Every Day Shuffled (SAFMEDS) cards, a learner established a fluent verbal repertoire related to the key terms of Skinner's (1957) analysis of verbal behavior. This learner was required to see the phrase printed on the front of the card and to say the term printed on the back. Regular timings were recorded…
Descriptors: Verbal Stimuli, Case Studies, Verbal Operant Conditioning, Behavior
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